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89. Psalm 89

1I will sing of the lovingkindness of Jehovah for ever:

With my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.

2For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever;

Thy faithfulness wilt thou establish in the very heavens.

3I have made a covenant with my chosen,

I have sworn unto David my servant:

4Thy seed will I establish for ever,

And build up thy throne to all generations.


5And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O Jehovah;

Thy faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones.

6For who in the skies can be compared unto Jehovah?

Who among the asons of the amighty is like unto Jehovah,

7A God very terrible in the council of the holy ones,

And to be feared above all them that are round about him?

8O Jehovah God of hosts,

Who is a mighty one, like unto thee, O aJehovah?

And thy faithfulness is round about thee.

9Thou rulest the pride of the sea:

When the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them.

10Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain;

Thou hast scattered thine enemies with the arm of thy strength.

11The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine:

The world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them.

12The north and the south, thou hast created them:

Tabor and Hermon rejoice in thy name.

13Thou hast aa mighty arm;

Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.

14Righteousness and justice are the foundation of thy throne:

Lovingkindness and truth go before thy face.

15Blessed is the people that know the ajoyful sound:

They walk, O Jehovah, in the light of thy countenance.

16In thy name do they rejoice all the day;

And in thy righteousness are they exalted.

17For thou art the glory of their strength;

And in thy favor aour horn shall be exalted.

18For our shield belongeth unto Jehovah;

aAnd our king to the Holy One of Israel.

19Then thou spakest in vision to thy asaints,

And saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty;

I have exalted one chosen out of the people.

20I have found David my servant;

With my holy oil have I anointed him:

21With whom my hand shall be established;

Mine arm also shall strengthen him.

22The enemy shall not aexact from him,

Nor the son of wickedness afflict him.

23And I will beat down his adversaries before him,

And smite them that hate him.

24But my faithfulness and my lovingkindness shall be with him;

And in my name shall his horn be exalted.

25I will set his hand also on the sea,

And his right hand on the rivers.

26He shall cry unto me, Thou art my Father,

My God, and the rock of my salvation.

27I also will make him my first-born,

The highest of the kings of the earth.

28My lovingkindness will I keep for him for evermore;

And my covenant shall astand fast with him.

29His seed also will I make to endure for ever,

And his throne as the days of heaven.

30If his children forsake my law,

And walk not in mine ordinances;

31If they abreak my statutes,

And keep not my commandments;

32Then will I visit their transgression with the rod,

And their iniquity with stripes.

33But my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him,

Nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.

34My covenant will I not break,

Nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.

35 aOnce have I sworn by my holiness:

I will not lie unto David:

36His seed shall endure for ever,

And his throne as the sun before me.

37 aIt shall be established for ever as the moon,

aAnd as the faithful witness in the sky.


38But thou hast cast off and rejected,

Thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

39Thou hast abhorred the covenant of thy servant:

Thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

40Thou hast broken down all his hedges;

Thou hast brought his strongholds to ruin.

41All that pass by the way rob him:

He is become a reproach to his neighbors.

42Thou hast exalted the right hand of his adversaries;

Thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.

43Yea, thou turnest back the edge of his sword,

And hast not made him to stand in the battle.

44Thou hast made his brightness to cease,

And cast his throne down to the ground.

45The days of his youth hast thou shortened:

Thou hast covered him with shame.


46How long, O Jehovah? wilt thou hide thyself for ever?

How long shall thy wrath burn like fire?

47Oh remember how short my time is:

For what vanity hast thou created all the children of men!

48What man is he that shall live and not see death,

That shall deliver his soul from the apower of Sheol?


49Lord, where are thy former lovingkindnesses,

Which thou swarest unto David in thy faithfulness?

50Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants;

How I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the amighty peoples,

51Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O Jehovah,

Wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed.

52Blessed be Jehovah for evermore.

Amen, and Amen.


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Ps 89:1-52. Of Ethan—(See on Ps 88:1, title). This Psalm was composed during some season of great national distress, perhaps Absalom's rebellion. It contrasts the promised prosperity and perpetuity of David's throne (with reference to the great promise of 2Sa 7:12-17), with a time when God appeared to have forgotten His covenant. The picture thus drawn may typify the promises and the adversities of Christ's kingdom, and the terms of confiding appeal to God provided appropriate prayers for the divine aid and promised blessing.

1. mercies—those promised (Isa 55:3; Ac 13:34), and—

faithfulness—that is, in fulfilling them.

2. I have said—expressed, as well as felt, my convictions (2Co 4:13).

3, 4. The object of this faith expressed in God's words (2Sa 7:11-16).

with—or literally, "to"

my chosen—as the covenant is in the form of a promise.

6, 7. This is worthy of our belief, for His faithfulness (is praised) by the congregation of saints or holy ones; that is, angels (compare De 33:2; Da 8:13).

sons of the mighty—(compare Ps 29:1). So is He to be admired on earth.

8-14. To illustrate His power and faithfulness examples are cited from history. His control of the sea (the most mighty and unstable object in nature), and of Egypt (Ps 87:4), the first great foe of Israel (subjected to utter helplessness from pride and insolence), are specimens. At the same time, the whole frame of nature founded and sustained by Him, Tabor and Hermon for "east and west," and "north and south," together representing the whole world, declare the same truth as to His attributes.

12. rejoice in thy name—praise Thy perfections by their very existence.

15. His government of righteousness is served by "mercy" and "truth" as ministers (Ps 85:10-13).

know the joyful sound—understand and appreciate the spiritual blessings symbolized by the feasts to which the people were called by the trumpet (Le 25:9, &c.).

walk … countenance—live in His favor (Ps 4:6; 44:3).

16, 17. in—or, "by"

thy righteousness—Thy faithful just rule.

glory—or, "beauty."

of their strength—They shall be adorned as well as protected.

our horn—exalt our power (Ps 75:10; Lu 1:69).

18. (Margin). Thus is introduced the promise to "our shield," "our king," David.

19-37. Then—when the covenant was established, of whose execution the exalted views of God now given furnish assurance.

thou … to thy holy one—or godly saint, object of favor (Ps 4:3). Nathan is meant (2Sa 7:17; 1Ch 17:3-15).

laid help—literally, "given help." David was chosen and then exalted.

20. I have found—having sought and then selected him (1Sa 16:1-6).

21. will protect and sustain (Isa 41:10),

22-25. by restraining and conquering his enemies, and performing My gracious purpose of extending his dominion—

25. hand [and] right hand—power (Ps 17:7; 60:5).

sea, and … rivers—limits of his empire (Ps 72:8).

26, 27. first-born—one who is chief, most beloved or distinguished (Ex 4:22; Col 1:15). In God's sight and purposes he was the first among all monarchs, and specially so in his typical relation to Christ.

28-37. This relation is perpetual with David's descendants, as a whole typical in official position of his last greatest descendant. Hence though in personal relations any of them might be faithless and so punished, their typical relation shall continue. His oath confirms His promise, and the most enduring objects of earth and heaven illustrate its perpetual force (Ps 72:5, 7, 17).