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83. Psalm 83

1A Song, -- A Psalm of Asaph. O God, let there be no silence to Thee, Be not silent, nor be quiet, O God. 2For, lo, Thine enemies do roar, And those hating Thee have lifted up the head, 3Against Thy people they take crafty counsel, And consult against Thy hidden ones. 4They have said, `Come, And we cut them off from [being] a nation, And the name of Israel is not remembered any more.` 5For they consulted in heart together, Against Thee a covenant they make, 6Tents of Edom, and Ishmaelites, Moab, and the Hagarenes, 7Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek, Philistia with inhabitants of Tyre, 8Asshur also is joined with them, They have been an arm to sons of Lot. Selah. 9Do to them as [to] Midian, As [to] Sisera, as [to] Jabin, at the stream Kishon. 10They were destroyed at Endor, They were dung for the ground! 11Make their nobles as Oreb and as Zeeb, And as Zebah and Zalmunna all their princes, 12Who have said, `Let us occupy for ourselves The comely places of God.` 13O my God, make them as a rolling thing, As stubble before wind. 14As a fire doth burn a forest, And as a flame setteth hills on fire, 15So dost Thou pursue them with Thy whirlwind, And with Thy hurricane troublest them. 16Fill their faces [with] shame, And they seek Thy name, O Jehovah. 17They are ashamed and troubled for ever, Yea, they are confounded and lost. 18And they know that Thou -- (Thy name [is] Jehovah -- by Thyself,) [Art] the Most High over all the earth!

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Ps 83:1-18. Of Asaph—(See on Ps 74:1, title). The historical occasion is probably that of 2Ch 20:1, 2 (compare Ps 47:1-9; 48:1-14). After a general petition, the craft and rage of the combined enemies are described, God's former dealings recited, and a like summary and speedy destruction on them is invoked.

1. God addressed as indifferent (compare Ps 35:22; 39:12).

be not still—literally, "not quiet," as opposed to action.

2. thine enemies—as well as ours (Ps 74:23; Isa 37:23).

3. hidden ones—whom God specially protects (Ps 27:5; 91:1).

4. from being a nation—utter destruction (Isa 7:8; 23:1).

Israel—here used for Judah, having been the common name.

5. they have consulted—with heart, or cordially.

together—all alike.

6-8. tabernacles—for people (Ps 78:67).

they—all these united with the children of Lot, or Ammonites and Moabites (compare 2Ch 20:1).

9-11. Compare the similar fate of these (2Ch 20:23) with that of the foes mentioned in Jud 7:22, here referred to. They destroyed one another (Jud 4:6-24; 7:25). Human remains form manure (compare 2Ki 9:37; Jer 9:22).

12. The language of the invaders.

houses—literally, "residences," enclosures, as for flocks (Ps 65:12).

of God—as the proprietors of the land (2Ch 20:11; Isa 14:25).

13. like a wheel—or, whirling of any light thing (Isa 17:13), as stubble or chaff (Ps 1:4).

14, 15. Pursue them to an utter destruction.

16. that they may seek—or as Ps 83:18, supply "men," since Ps 83:17, 18 amplify the sentiment of Ps 83:16, expressing more fully the measure of destruction, and the lesson of God's being and perfections (compare 2Ch 20:29) taught to all men.

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