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56

Yet they tested the Most High God,

and rebelled against him.

They did not observe his decrees,

57

but turned away and were faithless like their ancestors;

they twisted like a treacherous bow.

58

For they provoked him to anger with their high places;

they moved him to jealousy with their idols.

59

When God heard, he was full of wrath,

and he utterly rejected Israel.

60

He abandoned his dwelling at Shiloh,

the tent where he dwelt among mortals,

61

and delivered his power to captivity,

his glory to the hand of the foe.

62

He gave his people to the sword,

and vented his wrath on his heritage.

63

Fire devoured their young men,

and their girls had no marriage song.

64

Their priests fell by the sword,

and their widows made no lamentation.

65

Then the Lord awoke as from sleep,

like a warrior shouting because of wine.

66

He put his adversaries to rout;

he put them to everlasting disgrace.

 

67

He rejected the tent of Joseph,

he did not choose the tribe of Ephraim;

68

but he chose the tribe of Judah,

Mount Zion, which he loves.

69

He built his sanctuary like the high heavens,

like the earth, which he has founded forever.

70

He chose his servant David,

and took him from the sheepfolds;

71

from tending the nursing ewes he brought him

to be the shepherd of his people Jacob,

of Israel, his inheritance.

72

With upright heart he tended them,

and guided them with skillful hand.


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56, 57. a deceitful bow—which turns back, and so fails to project the arrow (2Sa 1:22; Ho 7:16). They relapsed.

58. Idolatry resulted from sparing the heathen (compare Ps 78:9-11).

59, 60. heard—perceived (Ge 11:7).

abhorred—but not utterly.

60. tent … placed—literally, "caused to dwell," set up (Jos 18:1).

61. his strength—the ark, as symbolical of it (Ps 96:6).

62. gave—or, "shut up."

his people—(Ps 78:48; 1Sa 4:10-17).

63. fire—either figure of the slaughter (1Sa 4:10), or a literal burning by the heathen.

given to marriage—literally, "praised"—that is, as brides.

64. (Compare 1Sa 4:17); and there were, doubtless, others.

made no lamentation—either because stupefied by grief, or hindered by the enemy.

65. (Compare Ps 22:16; Isa 42:13).

66. And he smote … part—or, "struck His enemies' back." The Philistines never regained their position after their defeats by David.

67, 68. tabernacle of Joseph—or, "home," or, "tribe," to which—

tribe of Ephraim—is parallel (compare Re 7:8). Its pre-eminence was, like Saul's, only permitted. Judah had been the choice (Ge 49:10).

69. Exalted as—

high palaces—or, "mountains," and abiding as—the earth.

70-72. God's sovereignty was illustrated in this choice. The contrast is striking—humility and exaltation—and the correspondence is beautiful.

71. following … ewes, &c.—literally, "ewes giving suck" (compare Isa 40:11). On the pastoral terms, compare Ps 79:13.

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