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Psalm 148

Praise for God’s Universal Glory

1

Praise the Lord!

Praise the Lord from the heavens;

praise him in the heights!

2

Praise him, all his angels;

praise him, all his host!

 

3

Praise him, sun and moon;

praise him, all you shining stars!

4

Praise him, you highest heavens,

and you waters above the heavens!

 

5

Let them praise the name of the Lord,

for he commanded and they were created.

6

He established them forever and ever;

he fixed their bounds, which cannot be passed.

 

7

Praise the Lord from the earth,

you sea monsters and all deeps,

8

fire and hail, snow and frost,

stormy wind fulfilling his command!

 

9

Mountains and all hills,

fruit trees and all cedars!

10

Wild animals and all cattle,

creeping things and flying birds!

 

11

Kings of the earth and all peoples,

princes and all rulers of the earth!

12

Young men and women alike,

old and young together!

 

13

Let them praise the name of the Lord,

for his name alone is exalted;

his glory is above earth and heaven.

14

He has raised up a horn for his people,

praise for all his faithful,

for the people of Israel who are close to him.

Praise the Lord!


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Ps 148:1-14. The scope of this Psalm is the same as that of the preceding.

1. heavens [and] heights—are synonymous.

2. hosts—(compare Ps 103:21).

4. heavens of heavens—the very highest.

waters—clouds, resting above the visible heavens (compare Ge 1:7).

5. praise the name—as representing His perfections.

he commanded—"He" is emphatic, ascribing creation to God alone.

6. The perpetuity of the frame of nature is, of course, subject to Him who formed it.

a decree … pass—His ordinances respecting them shall not change (Jer 36:31), or perish (Job 34:20; Ps 37:36).

7-10. The call on the earth, as opposed to heaven, includes seas or depths, whose inhabitants the dragon, as one of the largest (on leviathan, see on Ps 104:26), is selected to represent. The most destructive and ungovernable agents of inanimate nature are introduced.

8. fulfilling his word—or, law, may be understood of each. Next the most distinguished productions of the vegetable world.

9. fruitful trees—or, "trees of fruit," as opposed to forest trees. Wild and domestic, large and small animals are comprehended.

11, 12. Next all rational beings, from the highest in rank to little children.

princes—or, military leaders.

13. Let them—all mentioned.

excellent—or, exalted (Isa 12:4).

his glory—majesty (Ps 45:3).

above the earth and heavenTheir united splendors fail to match His.

14. exalteth the horn—established power (Ps 75:5, 6).

praise of—or literally, "for"

his saints—that is, occasions for them to praise Him. They are further described as "His people," and "near unto Him," sustaining by covenanted care a peculiarly intimate relation.

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