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Reformed Theology

ElderDad's picture

There may have previously been a thread on this subject, but I don't find it high enough in the list to see it. Therefore, I will start a thread and let it take its course. The purpose of this topic is to provide a place other than the Study of the Gospel of John, where it has become a side issue with considerable activity. Unfortunately, it is off-track there, so here it is in the open forum. The purpose is to give a place to post items dealing with traditional Reformed Theology. Because CCEL comes out of the Reformed community, there are many books dealing with Reformed Theology and Preaching in the CCEL library. However, in keeping with the ecumenical effort of the founders and supporters of this site, there are also books in the CCEL library that disagree with Reformed Theology. Sooooo, let me remind all participants in this forum, "Keep it loving, or keep it at home."

beemanlee's picture

RE: The Reformation And Why

Brother Justin,

The Reformation was a time in our History when Theologians who read The Bible were trying to get The Roman Catholic Church to change some of the ways it dictated who could do what within The Church. This was considered Church Abuses by many of The Leading Reformers during the 1300th and 1400th Centuries in Europe. Most of the abuses concerns were not necessarily all "Theological Issues", but they covered the treatment of how the Priests would withholding the chalice from the laity during Holy Communion and reserving it only for themselves.

Reformers like John Huss argued that this was contrary to Scripture and to the ancient tradition of the Church. Hus also embraced the worship of the mass in the Czech language, rather than in Latin, and on some occasions energetically defended the practice. One way he accomplished this was through the practice of having the congregation, not just the clergy, sing hymns in the vernacular, or Czech language, rather than Latin.

Christian Men like John Wycliffe-1320-1384, John Huss-1369-1415, Jerome Savonarola-1452-1498, Martin Luther-1483-1546, and then later men like Ulrich Zwingli-1484-1531, John Calvin-1509-1564, Pierre Viret-1511-1571, William Tyndale-1494-1536 and John Knox-1505-1572 were The Leaders in their time that promoted The Christian Church to return to their roots. These men were called Protestants by The Church at Rome.

So it was Christian People who were being abused and The Leaders of The Reformation wanted a return to The Biblical Ways pointed out in The Bible by men like John Huss and the other Reformers mentioned above including Martin Luther and his theses which I placed below:

1. Authority – the Bible alone is our authority and not the councils or leaders of The Church. Bible above tradition.

2. Salvation – is by the Grace of G-d alone, accomplished by the atonement of Christ alone, received by faith alone. Grace before Sacraments.

3. The Church – the true Church is composed of the elect, those regenerated by G-d’s Holy Spirit. Regenerate Church membership.

4. The Priesthood – consists of all true believers. Priesthood of all believers.

The Protestant Reformation mobilised by Luther rallied around these battle cries:

H Sola Christus – Christ alone is the head of the Church.

H Sola Scriptura – Scripture alone is our authority.

H Sola Gratia – Salvation is by the Grace of G-d alone.

H Sola Fide – Justification is received by faith alone.

On 31 October 1517 – Luther posted his 95 Theses in Wittenberg, challenging the practice of indulgences. Soon printers were selling translations of his bold challenge to the papacy throughout Europe.

In 1520 – Luther publicly burned the Papal bull threatening him with excommunication.

April 18, 1521 – Luther stood firm before the Emperor, 6 Electors (Princes), 24 dukes, 30 archbishops and bishops and 7 ambassadors. His speech shook the world:

"Unless I am convinced by Scripture or clear reasoning that I am in error – for popes and councils have often erred and contradicted themselves – I cannot recant, for I am subject to the Scriptures I have quoted; my conscience is captive to the Word of God. It is unsafe and dangerous to do anything against one’s conscience. Here I stand. I cannot do otherwise. So help me G-d. Amen."

I hope this can help you see what some of The Reformation was all about.



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