Reformed Theology

ElderDad's picture

There may have previously been a thread on this subject, but I don't find it high enough in the list to see it. Therefore, I will start a thread and let it take its course. The purpose of this topic is to provide a place other than the Study of the Gospel of John, where it has become a side issue with considerable activity. Unfortunately, it is off-track there, so here it is in the open forum. The purpose is to give a place to post items dealing with traditional Reformed Theology. Because CCEL comes out of the Reformed community, there are many books dealing with Reformed Theology and Preaching in the CCEL library. However, in keeping with the ecumenical effort of the founders and supporters of this site, there are also books in the CCEL library that disagree with Reformed Theology. Sooooo, let me remind all participants in this forum, "Keep it loving, or keep it at home."

bwarddvm's picture

Re: Reformed from what?

Justin, in regard to your question:

Essentially it was a reforming of Rome's theology which Martin Luther viewed as having become a radical departure from the classical biblical theology upon which the Church was originally founded and which which was established in detailed form largely by Augustine of Hippo in the 4th century. Luther's primary objection was the adoption of a doctrine which taught that salvation is only attained through faith in Christ PLUS the performance of certain necessary works. Luther's bedrock belief was in 'justification by faith alone'. He also objected to the selling of indulgences and the matter of the papal decrees being accepted as being equally inspired by God as were the Holy Scriptures. Obviously many others agreed with Luther as what became termed the Protestant Reformation picked up steam and resulted in a large number of people departing from the RC church and forming what would eventually become the vast number of 'Protestant' churches we have today. The well know slogan of the Reformation were what is often referred to as the "sola doctrines" :Sola Scriptura (the Scriptures alone) Sola Fide (by faith alone) Sola Graci (by grace alone) Solo Christo (in Christ alone) and Soli Deo Gloria (glory be to God alone). Early on the doctrines associated primarily with John Calvin were the consensus within early Protestantism. However, it didn't take more than a century or two until Arminian doctrine began to become popular and soon became the predominant doctrine of Protestantism and still is today. For this reason the churches that adhered to the early Reformation doctrines began to describe their doctrines as Reformation theology which has become shortened to Reformed theology.

You probably are already quite familiar with the Protestant Reformation so forgive me if I am writing in a manner that appears to be in any way condescending. Perhaps you were asking what was reformed from within already established protestantism. Either way, I hope this gives, at least, a beginning answer.

I realize this is very brief and sketchy and rather hastily written off the top of my head. I'm sure Dave, Randy or one of the others can clean this up for me in to something more accurate and coherent. ;-) I would not be surprised at all if Dave is already on top of it. If so, and there are any discrepancies in his report and mine, allow me to defer to him in advance. I'm suspect I am not 100% accurate here, but hopefully no glaring errors.

Dave, I really appreciate you undertaking this discussion topic. It is certainly a favorite of mine.