Domnus II., bp. of Antioch
Domnus II. (4), bp. of Antioch, a friend of Theodoret. He was nephew of
John, bp. of Antioch, brought up under Euthymius the famous anchoret of Palestine.
He was ordained deacon by Juvenal of Jerusalem on his visit to the Laura of Euthymus
in a.d. 429. Two years afterwards,
learning that his uncle the bp. of Antioch had become entangled in the Nestorian
heresy, he besought Euthymius to allow him to go and extricate him. Euthymius counselled
him to remain where he was, telling him that God could take care of his uncle without
him; that solitude was safer for him than the world; that his design would not turn
out to his ultimate advantage; that he might not improbably succeed to his uncle's
dignity, but would become the victim of clever and unprincipled men, who would avail
themselves of his simplicity, and then accomplish his ruin; but the old man's counsels
were thrown away. Domnus left the Laura without even saying farewell to Euthymius
(Vita S. Euthymii, cc. 42, 56, 57). He obtained such popularity at Antioch
that on the death of his uncle, a.d.
441, he was appointed his successor, and at once ranked as the chief bishop of the
Eastern world. In 445 he summoned a synod of Syrian bishops which confirmed the
deposition of Athanasius of Perrha. In 447 he consecrated Irenaeus to the see of
Tyre (Theod. Ep. 110; Labbe, Concil. t. iii. col. 1275); but Theodosius
II., having commanded that the appointment should be annulled, Irenaeus being both
a digamus and a favourer of the Nestorian heresy, Domnus, despite Theodoret's
remonstrances, yielded to the imperial will (Theod. u.s.; Ep. 80).
Ibas, bp. of Edessa, being charged with promulgating Nestorian doctrines (Labbe,
ib. t. iv. col. 658), Domnus summoned a council at Antioch (a.d.
448) which decided in favour of Ibas and deposed his accusers (ib. 639 seq.).
Domnus's sentence, though revoked by Flavian, bp. of Constantinople, was confirmed
by three episcopal commissioners to whom he and the emperor Theodosius had committed
the matter. Domnus was one of the earliest impeachers of the orthodoxy of Eutyches,
in a synodical letter to Theodosius, c. 447 (Facundus, viii. 5; xii. 5).
At the Latrocinium, held at Ephesus, Aug. 8, 449, on this matter, Domnus, in virtue
of an imperial rescript, found himself deprived of his presidential seat, which
was occupied by Dioscorus, while precedence over the patriarch of Antioch was given
to Juvenal of Jerusalem (Labbe, ib. 115, p. 251). Cowed by the dictatorial
spirit of Dioscorus, and unnerved by the violence of Barsumas and his monks, Domnus
revoked his former condemnation of Eutyches, and voted for his restoration (ib.
col. 258) and for the condemnation of Flavian (ib. col. 306). Domnus was,
nevertheless, deposed and banished by Dioscorus. The charges against him were, approval
of a Nestorian sermon preached before him at Antioch by Theodoret on the death of
Cyril (Mercator, t. i. p. 276), and some expressions in letters written by him to
Dioscorus condemning the perplexed and obscure character of Cyril's anathemas (Liberatus,
c. 11, p. 74). He was the only bishop then deposed and banished who was not reinstated
after the council of Chalcedon. At that council Maximus, his successor in the see
of Antioch, obtained permission to assign Domnus a pension from the revenues of
the church (Labbe, ib. col. 681; append. col. 770). Finally, on his recall
from exile Domnus returned to the monastic home of his youth, and ended his days
in the Laura of St. Euthymius, where in 452, according to Theophanes, he afforded
a refuge to Juvenal of Jerusalem when driven from his see (Theoph. p 92).