(dove), the fifth of the minor prophets, was the son of Amittai, and a native of Gath-hepher. (2 Kings 14:25) He flourished in or before the reign of Jeroboam II., about B.C. 820. Having already, as it seems, prophesied to Israel,
he was sent to Nineveh. The time was one of political revival in Israel; but ere long the Assyrians were to be employed by
God as a scourge upon them. The prophet shrank from a commission which he felt sure would result, (Jonah 4:2) in the sparing of a hostile city. He attempted therefore to escape to Tarshish. The providence of God, however, watched
over him, first in a storm, and then in his being swallowed by a large fish (a sea monster, probably the white shark) for
the space of three days and three nights. [On this subject see article Whale] After his deliverance, Jonah executed his commission; and the king, “believing him to be a minister form the supreme deity
of the nation,” and having heard of his miraculous deliverance, ordered a general fast, and averted the threatened judgment.
But the prophet, not from personal but national feelings, grudged the mercy shown to a heathen nation. He was therefore taught
by the significant lesson of the “gourd,” whose growth and decay brought the truth at once home to him, that he was sent to
testify by deed, as other prophets would afterward testify by word, the capacity of Gentiles for salvation, and the design
of God to make them partakers of it. This was “the sign of the prophet Jonas.” (Luke 11:29,30) But the resurrection of Christ itself was also shadowed forth in the history of the prophet. (Matthew 12:39,41; 16:4) The mission of Jonah was highly symbolical. The facts contained a concealed prophecy. The old tradition made the burial-place
of Jonah to be Gath-hepher; the modern tradition places it at Nebi-Yunus, opposite Mosul.