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GENERAL INDEX TO SOZOMEN'S ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.
Aadas, a presbyter, 391.
Abbos, a monk of Syria, 370.
Abdaleus, a Syrian monk, 370.
Abdas, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Abdiesus, a Persian deacon and martyr, 267.
Abedechalaas, a Persian presbyter and martyr, 266.
Abramius, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Acacius, succeeds Eusebius as bishop of Cæsarea, 284, 294; participates in second council of Antioch, 285; deposed by Western bishops, 290; favors Aetian doctrines, 311; ejects Maximus, 315; deposed by council of Seleucia, 318; attends council of Antioch, 348.
Acacius, bishop of Tyre, Eunomian, 308.
Acepsimus, a Persian bishop, martyrdom of, under Sapor, 267.
Acesius, bishop of Novatians, repels Constantine's overtures, 256.
Achillas, presbyter of Alexandria, accepts doctrines of Arius, 251.
Æsculapius, temple of, destroyed, 262.
Aetianism, see Eunomianism.
Africanus, the historian, 240.
Agapius, Arian bishop of Ephesus, 388.
Agas, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Agdelas, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Aithalas, Persian martyr, 267.
Aithals, Arian presbyter of Alexandria, 251.
Ajax, a monk of Majuma, 396.
Alaric, 197; rebukes luxury of Romans, 204; made a general through influence of Stilicho, 415, 421; plots with Stilicho, 415, 421; besieges Rome, 422; raises the siege, 423; again threatens the city, and takes it, 423; is made general, 423; makes Attalus king, 423; permits sack of Rome, 424.
Alavicus, a traitorous general of Honorius, 425.
Alexion, Palestinian monk, 293.
Ambrose, 193, 209, 211; when governor, elevated to bishopric of Milan, 361; persecuted by Justina, 384; reproaches Theodosius, 394; obtains favor from Gratian, 394; orders deposition of Gerontius of Nicomedia, but is disobeyed, 403.
Amphion, bishop of Epiphania, 246.
Analytical criticism of Sozomen, 227.
Anannias, a Persian martyr, 266.
Anastasia, daughter of Valens, 352.
Andragathias, philosopher, instructor of Chrysostom, 399.
Anomianism, see Eunomianism.
Anthedon, maritime city of Palestine, 332.
Anthedonius, Palestinian monk, 293.
Anthropomorphism, see Corporeality.
Antiochus, bishop of Ptolemias in Syria, 405.
Antiphonal singing, origin among the Arians, 404.
Antony the Great, an Egyptian monk, practices asceticism; his mode of life, 249; sees spirit of Ammon at latter's death, 250; visits Alexander, 270; seeks in vain recall of Athanasius, 280; maintains Nicene doctrine, 291; visited by Hilarion, 293; praises Didymus, 295; dream of, 349.
Anuph, Egyptian monk, 292.
Aones, monk of Syria, 370.
Apelles, an Egyptian ascetic, 365.
Apocalypse of Peter, 390.
Apolinarius, bishop of Hierapolis, 340.
Apollonius, an Egyptian ascetic, 292.
Apollonius, another ascetic, 366.
Apollos, a monk of Thebais, 366.
Apostles, church of, at Constantinople, 198.
Argo, the, 234.
Arian Goths, martyrs, 210.
Arianism, opposed by Sozomen, 206; divisions of, 217, 387; origin, 251; doctrines of, 251; re-agitated, 272; dispute not ended by death of Arius, 280; revival of, 281; again at death of Constantine, 283; defended by Acacians, 323; favored by Justina, 384.
Arians, inclined to liberal culture, 195; assert conspiracy to elect as bishop of Alexandria, 269; plot against Athanasius, 270; unite with the Melitians, 271; views of, 272; excite seditions on return of Athanasius, 284; secure expulsion of Paul from Constantinople, 284; successes of, 286; bishops displaced by Athanasius, 299; renew attacks on him, 304; persecute opponents, 322; translate Melitius to Antioch, 323; expel him thence, 322; persecute orthodox under Valens, 351-358; geographical distribution, 358; attempt to gain Theodosius, 379; divisions among, 388; disorderly conduct in Constantinople causes their repression, 404; disappointed in hopes of restoration under Attalus, 424.
Arius, 240; a presbyter of Alexandria, ordained deacon, defends Melitians, asserts his doctrines, 251; his following numerous, 251; appeal to bishops against Alexander, 252; gains a point with Paulinus, Eusebius, and Patrophilus, 252; summoned before bishops at Nicæa, 253; appears before the council, 254; loses his case and is banished, 255, and excommunicated, 255; recalled from exile, but forbidden to enter Alexandria, 268; submits, with Euzoius, statement of belief, and is reinstated, 277; but not received by bishop of Alexandria, 279; manner of death, 279.
Armenians, conversion of, 264.
Arsacius, king of Armenia, 346.
Arsacius, pagan priest of Galatia, 338.
Arsion, monk of Scetis, 368.
Asphalius, Eunomian presbyter of Antioch, 308.
Asterius, general of the East under Honorius, 400.
Ataulphus, brother-in-law of Alaric, 423.
Athanasius the Great, bishop of Alexandria, 204; as deacon attends Nicene council, 253; becomes bishop on death of Alexander, 269; secretly ordained, 269; character, 269; baptized children when a child, 269; traduced by Arians before Constantine, 272; proves his innocence, is commended by the emperor, 273; is again assailed in vain, 273; again assailed, refuses to attend council of Cæsarea, 275; appears before council of Tyre, the charges, 275; is deposed, 276; appeals to Constantine, 278; who exiles him to Treves, 279; relates circumstances of death of Arius, 279; recalled to Alexandria by Constantine, 283; again deposed by council of Antioch, 285; escapes from Alexandria and flees to Rome, 286; received kindly there, 287; reinstated, 288; again ejected, 288; summoned to Rome by Julius, 288; affirms Nicene doctrine, 291; recalled by influence of Constans, 298; favors Eustathians, 299; displaces the Arian bishops, 299; commended by Synod of Jerusalem, 300; again deposed by Constantius, 301; again attacked by Arians, 304; condemned by council of Milan, 305; flees, 306; reappears after seven years' concealment, 330; attends council of Alexandria, 335; banished by Julian, 336; restored by Jovian, 349; flees again to escape Valens, 354; returns by Valens' permission, 354; death, 357; held consubstantiality of the Holy Ghost, 359.
Athanasius the historian, a source of Sozomen's history, 222.
Aurelius, Palestinian monk, 293.
Auxentius, son of Addas, a presbyter, 391.
Azadanes, a Persian martyr, 267.
Azades, a Persian martyr, 266.
Azizus, a monk of Syria, 370.
Babylas, martyr of Antioch, 341.
Barbasymes, Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Barges, Syrian monk, 370.
Barses, Syrian monk and honorary bishop, 371.
Basil, bishop of Ancyra, repudiated by Western bishops, 290, 294; again acquires bishopric, 301; refutes Photinus at council of Sirmium, 303; opposes Eudoxus, 308; advises council at Nicæa, 311; deposed by Acacians, 320; charges against him, 320; martyrdom, 334.
Benjamin, ascetic philosopher, 366.
Benus, an Egyptian ascetic, 365.
Bibliography of Sozomen, 225- 231.
Bochres, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Busiris, a Galatian martyr, 334.
Buthericus, a general, 394.
Cæsarea, reduced by Julian from rank of a city, 329.
Cæsarius, and tomb of forty martyrs, 420.
Calemerus, finds relics of prophet Zechariah, 427.
Callinicus, bishop of Pellusium, 275.
Callicinus, a Melitian bishop and accuser of Athanasius, 275.
Carosa, daughter of Valens, 352.
Carpones, presbyter, an Arian of Alexandria, 251.
Carterius, philosopher, instructor of Chrysostom, 399.
Cassianus, a deacon, 416.
Cecropius, bishop of Nicomedia, killed in earthquake, 310.
Celts, christianization of, 262.
Cenobite, community at Tabenna, 292.
Chalcedon, church in, 199.
Chrysostom, 196, 399; method of interpreting Scripture, 206; personal character, 399; dissuades Theodore of Mopsuestia from marriage, 399; elected bishop of Constantinople, 400; opposed by Theophilus in vain, 400; purifies the clergy, 400; strives to re-unite the churches of the West and the East, 400; foils plans of Gaïnas, 401; prudence in governing the Church, 402; miracle during his administration, 403; deposes thirteen bishops in Asia, 403; ordains Heraclides bishop of Ephesus, 403; expels Gerontius, bishop of Nicomedia, 403; ordains Pansophius instead, 403; incurs enmity of the clergy, 404; rebukes Olympias for unwise almsgiving, 405; disputes with monk Isaac, 405; expels Severian from Constantinople, 405; is reconciled by the empress, 405; cautiously receives the Egyptian monks, 407; goes to receive Epiphanius, but is repulsed, 408; refuses to expel the "Long Brothers," 409; excites the enmity of the empress, 409; cited to appear at counci of Rufinianæ, 410; declines to do so, and is deposed, 410; withdraws, and a sedition arises against the council, 410; which causes his recall, 411; when he delivers an oration, 411; is more than ever liked by the people, 412; justified by a council of sixty bishops, 411; again offending the empress, is again deposed, 412; is expelled, holds meetings outside the city, 412; attacks on his life, 413; is guarded by the people, 413; exiled to Armenia, 413; cause espoused by Innocent, bishop of Rome, 416; receives letter from Innocent, 417; reputation during his exile, 417; is banished to a remoter place, dies on the way, 418.
Churches restored, 245.
Cilix, presbyter of Tarsus, 199.
Constans, son of Constantine the Great, obtains empire of the West, 284; writes to Constantius in re Athanasius and Paul, 289; receives three bishops and dismisses them, 289; fails to have Athanasius and Paul reinstated, 289; summons Synod of Sardica, 289; threatens brother with war unless Athanasius restored, 298; killed in Gaul, 301.
Constantia, sister of Constantine, advocates restoration of Arius and Euzoius, 277.
Constantine the Great, sees vision of cross and of Christ, 241; inquires of priests, who expound the Scriptures, takes cross as his standard, which protects the bearer, 242; charged with murdering son Crispus, 242; but charge untrue, 243; churches flourish under him, 243; conquers Dardanians, 243; overcomes Licinius, becomes sole emperor, makes Christianity state religion, revokes edicts against Christians, pagan worship prohibited, 244; property restored to Christians, 244; conquers Goths and Sarmatians, enjoins observance of Lord's Day, abolishes crucifixion, 245; abolishes law against celibacy, 245; exempts clergy from taxation, allows appeal to bishops from civil courts, 246; grants request of Eutychianus, 251; rebukes Arius and Alexander, 252; is grieved at Paschal controversy, 252; sends Hosius to reconcile differences, 253; convenes council at Nicæa, 253; burns memorials and exhorts to peace, 253; replies to Eusebius' eulogy, 254; attempts to reconcile the Novatians, 256; entertains the council, exhorts to harmony, and writes to the churches, 257; orders church built near Calvary, 258; has bit made out of true nails, 259; erects temples, 259; beautifies Byzantium and changes its name, 260; builds church at Hestiæ, or Michælium, 260; orders church erected under oak of Mamre, 261; orders pagan shrines and idols destroyed and places purified, 261; receives embassy of Iberians, 264; remonstrates with Sapor for persesecuting Christians, 268; hears traducers of Athanasius, 272; but dismisses them, 273; convenes council of Cæsarea, 275; orders consecration of the Great Martyrium at Jerusalem, 276; is persuaded by Constantia to restore Arius and Euzoius, 277; writes letter to Synod of Tyre, 278; exiles Athanasius to Treves, 279; refuses to recall him, 280; exiles John, the Melitian bishop, 280; enacts law against heresies, 280; baptism, death, and character, 282; charges Constantius to call council regarding homoiousios, 298; body removed by Macedonius, 316.
Constantine, son of Constantine the Great, death of, at Aquileia, 284.
Constantine, a city of Phœnicia, 262.
Constantinople, churches in, 199.
Constantius, son and successor of Constantine, recalls Athanasius, 283; letter to church of Alexandria, 283; obtains empire of the East, 284; goes to Antioch of Syria, 285; adopts the term "homoiousios," 297; convenes council of Ariminum, 298; restores Athanasius, 298; commends him to bishops of Egypt, 299; overcomes Vetranius, 302; and Maxentius, 304; goes to Rome, attempts to force homoiousios on church, 304; banishes Liberius, 307; condemns Eudoxius and the Aetians, 309; convenes council at Nicæa, 311; goes to Ariminum, council meets there, 312; permits another at Seleucia, 312; slights deputies from council of Ariminum, 314; appoints Julian, Cæsar, 316; death, 325.
Consubstantiality of Son, broached, 251; defended by Alexander of Alexandria against Arius, 251; becomes the faith of the church, 255; dispute over meaning of word, 270; evaded by partisans of Eusebius of Nicomedia, 285; affirmed by the West, 291; homoousios and homoiousios, 297; debated at Sirmium, 303; and at Seleucia, 317; and at Ariminum, 319; attacked anew by Acacians, 323; Macedonian acceptation of the term, 336; Nicene statement affirmed by council of Antioch, 348; accepted by Macedonian bishops, 352; afterwards rejected by them, 377.
Copres, an Egyptian monk, 365.
Corporeality of God, question raised in Egypt, 406.
Council of Alexandria, 209; reaffirms Nicene doctrines, 335. Antioch, 207; deposes Eustathius, 270; ordains Euphronius bishop, 271; second council, 285; deposes Athanasius, ordains Gregory, 285. Antioch in Syria, 348; reaffirms Nicene faith, 348; letter to Jovian, 348. Ariminum, convened, 298; cause, 298; second council, convened, 312; rejects Aetian doctrines, 313; sends report to Constantius, 313; confirming Nicene doctrines, 314. Cæsarea, to try Athanasius, who does not appear, 275. Constantinople, 209; convened by Theodosius, 380; chooses Nectarius bishop of Constantinople, 381; affirms Nicene faith, 381; establishes precedence of Rome, and rank of see of Constantinople, 381. Jerusalem, 299; letter in behalf of Athanasius, 299. Lampsacus, 350; holds Arian doctrines, 350. Milan, deposes and banishes Athanasius, 305. Nicæa, convened, 253; assembled, 254; condemns Arianism, 255; leaves celibacy unenforced, 256; enacts canons, 256. Rome, 360; reaffirms Nicene doctrines, condemns Auxentius of Milan, 360; circular letter of, 360. Rufinianæ, 409; the eighty monks reconciled with Theophilus, 410; cite Chrysostom and clergy of Constantinople to appear, 410; depose Chrysostom, 410; mobbed by the people, 410. Sardica, 209; East separates from West, 289; numbers attending, 290. Seleucia, 316; two formularies offered, 316; reaffirms formulary of council of Antioch, 318; deposes various bishops, 318. Sirmium, convened, 302; deposes Photinus, 303; three formularies of faith, 303. Tyana, 353; reaffirms Nicene doctrines, 353. Tyre, assembles without being convened by the emperor, 275; deposes Athanasius, and declares reasons to Constantine, 276; restores and re-establishes the Melitian bishop, John, 280.
Councils, imperial convocation defended, 208.
Crispus, son of Constantine, murder of, 242.
Crucifixion, as punishment, abolished, 245.
Cyriacus, bishop of Adama, 382.
Cyriacus, a deacon, 416.
Cyrus, of Constantinople, 194.
Daniel, a Syrian monk, 293.
Dansus, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Democritus of Coös, 274.
Dianius, bishop of Cappadocian Cæsarea, attends second council of Antioch, 285.
Didymus, a relative of the Emperor Honorius, 425.
Diogenes, deacon, 320.
Dionysius, bishop of Alba, 305.
Dionysius, a monk of Rhinocorura, 369.
Dionysius, temple of, at Alexandria, destroyed, 385.
Diospolis, bishopric of, 271.
Divination, by wooden tripod, 391.
Dominica, wife of Emperor Valens, 377.
Donatist, practice regarding the excommunicated, 208.
Dorotheus, bishop of Antioch, succeeds Euzoius, 374.
Dorotheus, an ascetic of Thebes, 366.
Dracontius, bishop of Pergamos, deposed by Acacians, 320.
Eastern Christians, 241.
Ecdicius, slayer of Edovicus, 426.
Edesius, adventures in India, 274.
Edicts against Christians revoked, 244.
Edovicus, a general of the usurper Constantine, 426.
Eleusius, bishop of Cyzicus, 308; deposed by Acacians, 320; embraces heresy of Macedonius, 322, 336; compelled by Julian to build Novatian church, 330; expelled by Julian, 336; recants before Valens, but repents, 351; attends council of Constantinople, 380.
Elias, associate of Patrines, 273.
Elias, an Egyptian ascetic, 365.
Elpidius, bishop of Satala, deposed by Acacians, 321.
Emesa, church of, 297.
Empedocles, death of, 274.
Epiphanies of angels, saints, etc., 202.
Epiphanius, bishop of Salamis, controversy with the empress, 191, 408; prophecies of, 213; duped by Theophilus, acts against Chrysostom, 408; is dissuaded from this course by Serapion, 408; meets "Long Brothers" and is reconciled to them, 409; death, 409.
Epiphanius, the sophist, 362.
Episcopal and presbyterial jurisdiction, 390.
Eudoxius, bishop of Germanicia, afterwards of Constantinople, attends second council of Antioch, 285.
Eudoxius, Eunomian bishop of Antioch, 308; ejected and condemned by Constantius, 309; and deposed by council of Seleucia, 318; usurps bishopric of Constantinople, 321; opposes Nicene doctrine, 322; gains over Yalens, 351; death, 354.
Eudoxus, bishop of Nicæa, 205.
Eugenius, bishop of Nicæa, 304.
Eulalius, orthodox bishop of Amasia, 377.
Eulogius, Egyptian presbyter and monk, 365.
Eulogius, Persian monk and honorary bishop, 370.
Eunomius, 207; Arian bishop of Cyzicus, 351; his heresy not new, 363; acknowledges indebtedness to Aetius, 364; described by Gregory Nazianzen, 364; secedes from Arians, 379; banished by Theodosius, dies, 387, 388.
Euplus, Melitian bishop, 275.
Eupsychius, martyr of Cæsarea, 334.
Eusebia, guardian of the Forty Martyrs, 420.
Eusebius of Nicomedia, sides with Arius against Alexander, 252; pretends to repudiate him, 255; is deposed, 256; expels Amphion, 268; endeavors to reinstate Arius, 270; charged by Eustathius with Arianism, 270; again plots to restore Arius, threatens Alexander of Constantinople, 279; death of Arius foils plan, 279; at death of Constantine favors Arianism, 283.
Eusebius, bishop of Samosata, 348.
Eusebius, governor of the court, executed, 330.
Eusebius, a martyr of Gaza, 332.
Eusebius, one of the "Long Brothers," Egyptian monk, 368.
Eusebius Pamphilus, the historian, one source of Sozomen's history, 222; story of Constantine's vision of the cross, 241; sides with Arius against Alexander, 252; attends Nicene council and eulogizes Constantine, 254; after delay, sanctions decision reached, 255; censured concerning the oak of Mamre, 261; recommended for see of Antioch, 270; death, succeeded by Acacius, 284.
Eusebius, a Syrian monk, 370.
Eutropia, mother-in-law of Constantine, 261.
Eutychianus, a Novatian of Bithynia, performs a miracle, 251.
Eutychus, a Eunomian, doctrine of, 387.
Euzoius, deacon of Alexandria, becomes an Arian, 251; having been deposed, is reinstated in company with Arius, 277; stirs up dissension, 335; as bishop of Antioch, opposes Athanasius, 349; seizes Peter of Alexandria, 357; death, 374; succeeded by Dorotheus, 374.
Evagrius, the historian, 191.
Fatherhood of God, Arian discussion concerning, 388.
Fathers' creed final, 205.
Flacilla, wife of Theodosius, holds Nicene faith, 379.
Flavian, pagan and pæetorian prefect, 392.
Flavita, barbarian general in Roman army, defeats Gaïnas, becomes consul, 402.
Frumentius, missionary to India, youthful adventures of, and subsequent ordination as bishop of India, 274.
Gaddanus, a Syrian monk, 370.
Gaddiabes, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Galla Placidia, sister of Honorius, 427.
Gauls, christianization of, 262.
George, bishop of Alexandria, persecutes opponents, 302, 306; attends council of Sirmium, 303; deposed by council of Seleucia, 318; reinstated by Acacians, persecutes pagans and opposing Christians, 324; meets violent death, 331.
George of Arethusa, nominated for bishopric of Antioch, 271.
Germanus, presbyter, 416.
Gerontius, a traitorous general of Honorius, 426.
Gladiatorial shows prohibited, 245.
Gratian, proclaimed emperor by soldiers, soon afterwards slain, 425.
Gregory, bishop of Nyssa, 382.
Gregory Nazianzen, 193, 199; a source for Sozomen, 223; hated by Julian, 340; attends council of Tyana, 353; becomes bishop of Nazianzus, 356; and of Constantinople, 356; doctrine of, concerning the Holy Ghost, 359; describes Apolinarianism and Eunomianism, 364; leader of orthodox, 378; translated to Constantinople, abdicates, 380.
Habakkuk, relics of, discovered, 397.
Helena, mother of Constantine, 204; goes to Jerusalem, seeks true cross, 258; erects temples at Bethlehem and on Mount of Olives, visits churches of the East, is proclaimed empress, dies at age of eighty, 259.
Helenopolis in Bithynia, 259.
Helenopolis in Palestine, 259.
Heliodorus, a Syrian monk, 370.
Heliopolis, persecution of Christians in, 333.
Helladius, deacon of Alexandria, becomes an Arian, 251.
Helles, an Egyptian ascetic, 365.
Hemona, building of, 234.
Heortasius, bishop of Sardis, deposed by Acacians, 320.
Heraclides, monk of Scetis, ordained bishop of Ephesus, 403.
Hercules, purified, 243.
Hermaeon, a Melitian bishop, 275.
Hermias, a common Christian name, 191.
Hermogenes, prefect of Syria, 320.
Hermopolis, in the Thebais, 343.
Herod the Great, 239.
Hilarius, bishop of Jerusalem after Heraclius, 324.
Himerius, sophist of Athens, 356.
Historiography of Sozomen, 228.
Holy Ghost, doctrine of, two parties, 359.
Honoria, daughter of the general Constantius, 427.
Hormisdas, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Hypatian, bishop of Heraclia, 350.
India, Christianization of, 274.
Indifferent canon, 389.
Irene, daughter of Spyridon, wonderful story of, 246.
Irenius, bishop of Gaza, 348.
Isaac, a Melitian bishop, 275.
Isaac, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Isaac, a type of sufferings of Christ, 239.
Ischurias, a Melitian presbyter, 275.
Ischyrion, bishop of Mareotis, appointed by Eastern bishops, 290.
Ishmael, father of the Saracens, 375.
Isidore, an Egyptian monk, 365.
Isidore of Pelusium, 191.
Jacob, predicted coming of Christ, 239.
Jews, the, rejection of Christ, 240; conspire with Magi against Persian Christians, 264, 266; laws regarding slave-holding, 297; granted permission to rebuild the Temple, 343; repulsed by fire issuing from the earth, 398.
John, bishop of Jerusalem, 398.
John Chrysostom, see Chrysostom.
John, Egyptian ascetic, 365.
John, a Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
John, presbyter and monk, 366.
Joseph, husband of Mary, 343.
Josephus, the historian, witness of, to Christ, 239.
Jovius, prefect of Italy, 423.
Julian, the apostate, edicts cause flight of Sozomen's family and of Alaphion's, 192; portents during reign, 205; infatuation, 206: murder of, defended, 209, 346; dread of him, 210; named Cæsar, 317; is proclaimed Augustus, and apostatises, 325, 326; family and education, 326; studies philosophy at Constantinople, 327; relations with Constantius, 327; reopens pagan temples, 328; refuses help to Nisibis, 328; subjects Majuma to Gaza, 328; withdraws immunities from clergy, 329; hatred of the church, 330; recalls Aetius, 330; compels rebuilding of Novatian church, 330; banishes Athanasius and Eleusius, 336; expels the clergy, 336; failure to reinstate paganism, 337; further efforts, 338; testimony to Christian benevolence, 338; letter to Arsacius, 338; artful measures against Christians, 339; forbids public education and Greek classics to Christians, 340; writes his "Aversion to Beards," 341; orders body of Babylas removed, 341; persecution resulting, 342; destroys a statue of Christ, 342; permits Jews to rebuild the Temple, 343; makes war on Persia, 345; insults Arsacius, King of Armenia, 345; death, 346; cause of his death, 346; his impiety, 347.
Julian, the Chaldaean, performs a miracle, 254.
Julian, Syrian monk, 293.
Julius, bishop of Rome, absent from Nicene council, 253; rebukes bishops of East, secures reinstatement of Athanasius and Paul, 287; summons Athanasius to Rome, 288; replies to letter of bishops of council of Antioch, 288; appeals to Constans, 289; death, 304.
Julius, a deacon of Alexandria, and an Arian, 251.
Lagodius, a relative of the Emperor Honorius, 425.
Leontius, presbyter to Constantius, 308.
Literature upon Sozomen, 228- 231.
Logos, the, 239.
Lord's day, observed by Constantine, 245.
Lucianius, martyr of Nicomedia, 285.
Maares, Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Macarius, deacon of Alexandria, an Arian, 251.
Macarius Politicus, ascetic and presbyter, 291.
Macedonius, 198; church built by M., 199; candidate for bishopric, 284; gains possession, 288; ejected on return of Paul, 300; again seizes bishopric, persecutes Paulinists, 210, 301, 315; expelled by Acacians, 322; death, 322; heresy of, regarding the Holy Ghost, 322.
Macedonius, a Phrygian martyr, 334.
Magnus, treasurer under Valens, 357.
Mammas, the martyr, 326.
Mamre, oak of, church built by Constantine under, 261.
Manichæans, not tolerated by Gratian, 377.
Manumission of slaves facilitated, 246.
Manuscripts of Sozomen, 225.
Marcellinus, mention of story of Stephen, 224.
Marcian, Macedonian bishop of Lampsacus, 380.
Marcian, singer and martyr of Constantinople, 301.
Mardonius, a eunuch, 391.
Mareas, Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Mark, bishop of Rome, succeeds Silvester, succeeded by Julius, 271.
Mark, a deposed presbyter, 275.
Mark, proclaimed emperor by soldiers, soon afterwards slain, 425.
Marosas, monk of Persia, 371.
Martin, bishop of Tarracinæ, 294.
Martyrius, bishop of Marcianopolis, 382.
Martyrius, a physician, refuses diaconate, 382.
Martyrius, sub-deacon and martyr, 301.
Maruthas, causes death of Cyrinus, 409.
Mary, called mother of God, 343.
Matrona, guardian of head of John Baptist, 391.
Maximus, bishop of Treves, deposed by Eastern bishops after schism of Sardica, 290.
Maximus, Ephesian philosopher, 327.
Maximus, usurper set up by Gerontius, 426.
Melas, bishop of Rhinocorura, 369.
Meletius, appointed by Acacians bishop of Sebaste, 322; translated to Antioch, 323; upholds Nicene doctrine, and is expelled, 323; returns to Antioch, 335; attends council of Antioch, 348; banished by Valens, 351; returns to Antioch, causing dissension, 378; attends council of Constantinople, 380; burial, 382.
Menivolus, secretary to Justina, 384.
Meropius, journey to India, 274.
Micah, relics of, discovered, 397.
Michælium, see Hestiæ.
Mithrium, scene of, riot, 331.
Modestus, prefect of Antioch in Syria, 357.
Monasticism, 212; immoralities of, omitted, 213; praised, 216; philosophy, 233, 247; monastic life, 248, 369; origin of, attributed to John Baptist and Elias, the prophet, 248; among Hebrews, 248, 293; among Egyptians, 292; and Syrians, 293, 370; in Palestine, 369.
Nectaria, deaconess, 321.
Neonas, bishop of Seleucia, deposed by Acacians, 321.
Nestabius, a martyr of Gaza, 332.
Nestor the Confessor, death of, 332.
Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, 223.
Nitria, monastic life at, 369.
Nonnichia, wife of Gerontius, 426.
Novatians, church of, in Constantinople, 198; destroyed, 315; opposed by Sozomen, 206; refused restoration to excommunicated, 208, 256; separated from the church, 280; cause of their immunity from suppression, 281; church of, in Cyzicus demolished, 316; persecution by Macedonius, 316; observance of the Passover, 361; schismatic action, 361; Easter and Sabbatian disputes, 388; prosperity under Arcadius and Honorius, 398.
Origen, a monk of Scetis, 368.
Origenists, definition of, 407.
Otreinus, bishop of Melitine, 382.
Otreus, bishop of Melitene, 353.
Pachomius, a Melitian bishop, 275.
Pachomius, a monk, sees an angel, 202.
Pachon, an ascetic of Scetis, 367.
Pagan worship interdicted, 244.
Palestine, the church in, 211.
Palladius, the historian, a source used by Sozomen, 223.
Pan, statue of, destroyed, 262.
Papas, Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Paschal, usages of Montanists, 206; controversy, 252; Hosius sent to settle it, 253; controversy decided at Nicæa, 286; how observed by Novatians, 361; Novatian and Sabbatian position, 389; usage of Pepuzites, 389.
Patrines, a Melitian presbyter, 273.
Patrophilus, bishop of Scythopolis, sides with Arius against Alexander, 252, but accepts decision of Nicene council, 255; charged by Eustathius with Arianism, 270; attends second council of Antioch, 280; deposed, 318.
Paul, bishop of Constantinople, 199; succeeds Alexander, 284; expelled, 284, 287; goes to Rome, 287; reinstated, 288; again ejected, 288; affirms Nicene doctrine, 291; again returns, 300; once more ejected and banished, dies in exile, 301; burial, 382.
Paul of Ferme, a monk, 367.
Paul of Jugatum, a Persian monk, 371.
Paul the Simple, disciple of Antony the Great, becomes an ascetic, 250.
Paulianians, a heretical sect, 280.
Paulinus, bishop of Treves, defends Athanasius, 305.
Paulus, Persian bishop and martyr, 267.
Peter, Apocalypse of, 196.
Philip, prefect of Constantinople, 288.
Philippus of Side, a source of Sozomen's history, 223.
Philo Judæus, description of monks, 248.
Photius, gives Sozomen's name, 233.
Phritigernes, a Gothic leader, 373.
Phrygians, a heretical sect, 280.
Pior, an Egyptian monk, 367.
Plagiarism of Sozomen, from Socrates, 221.
Plinthus, reconciles Arian factions, 388.
Plusian, a bishop, 275.
Polemics, deleterious, 207.
Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna, 390.
Polychronius, a presbyter, aids Pulcheria in discovery of tomb of Forty Martyrs, 420.
Prapidius, a rural bishop, 371.
Primacy of Rome, 209.
Private judgment, 206.
Proærssius, a sophist of Athens, 356.
Probatius, eunuch under Jovian, 349.
Probianus, a physician, miraculously cured, and becomes a Christian, 260.
Procopius, revolts against Valens, defeated, 351.
Psathyrians, an Arian sect, 388.
Pulcheria, sister of Theodosus the Younger, 196, 204; marries Marcian, 200; previous vow of virginity, 201; opposed Eutychianism, 201; is protector of the emperor, 205, 419; opposed free thought, 206, 223; inclined to asceticism, 212; excellent character, 224, 419, 421; discovers tomb of the Forty Martyrs, 421.
Purification, of Hercules and Greeks, after crime, 243.
Pusices, a Persian martyr, 266.
Relic worship, 208.
Rhinocorura, monastic life at, 369.
Rhodanus [or Rhodanius], bishop of Toulouse, 305.
Romanus, bishop of Antioch, 241.
Rufinus, the historian, one of Sozomen's sources, 222.
Sabbatius, Arian presbyter, originates Sabbatian heresy, 388.
Sabellian heresy, 335.
Sabinus, the historian, a source of Sozomen's history, 223.
Sacraments, as mysteries, 207.
St. Euphemia, church of, in Chalcedon, 199.
Sallust, the historian, 206.
Sallust, prætorian prefect, 342.
Sarmates, presbyter of Alexandria, becomes an Arian, 251.
Sarmatians, revolt against Valentinian, but submit, 372.
Schism of Sardica, 289; Eastern bishops depose Julius, 289, and Hosius, also Maximus of Treves, and Protogenes, and Gaudentius of Sardica, 290; Western bishops depose Theodore, Narcissus, etc., 290; adhere to Nicene faith, 291.
Scitis, a town of Egypt, 250.
Scriptures, the, interpreted by the Θεωρία, 205.
Secundus, bishop of Ptolemais, accepts decree of Nicene council, 255.
Secundus, prætorian prefect, 348.
Selinus, a bishop of the Goths, becomes a Psathyrian, 388.
Sepulchre discovered, 258.
Sibyl, predicted Christ's coming, 239.
Sigesarius, bishop of the Goths, 424.
Simeon, Syrian monk, 293.
Solon, bishop of Rhinocorura, 369.
Sozomen, Salaminius Hermas, life, 191-199; origin and order of the name, 191, 233; born near Bethelia, 191, 233, 337; not a Jew, 192; grandfather a Christian, 192, 233; converted by Hilarion, 233, 337; S. born, 370-380; educated at Gaza, 234; by monks, 193, 233; hence his high estimate of monastic life, 193, 233; not a monk, 193; knew Greek and Syriac, and used Syrian records of Persian church, 193; probably also knew Latin, 194; general scholarship narrow, 194-195; religious affiliations Nicene, but not critical, 195; studied law at Berytus, 234, 235; became a civil and ecclesiastical lawyer, 196, 233; at Constantinople, c. a.d. 406, 196; careful in statement of ecclesiastical legislation, 196; illiberal in policy toward the Persians, Arians, and Pagans, 197; pietistic, 197; defended Chrysostom, 197; knowledge of Palestine, 197; of Arabia, Cyprus, Alexandria, Antioch, and Edessa, 197; and of Constantinople, 199; S. as author, 199-225; his epitome lost, 200, 234; his history, written between a.d. 443 and 448, 201, 202; its objects, 201-213; (1) to present facts, 201; (2) to prove (a) divine origin of Christianity, 202; (3) (b) Providence promoting Christianity, 203; his efforts to this end absurd, 203; and biased, 204; (4) to prove Catholic orthodoxy, 205; hence apologizes for Constantine, 209; (5) to trace extension of Christianity, 211; (6) to dignify monasticism, 212; (7) to give secular history; (8) to develop historically legislation favorable to church, 213; his method, 213-217; (1) acknowledges limitations, (2) research (a) personal knowledge, (b) personal inquiry, (c) knowledge at secondhand, 213; (d) correction of falsehoods, (e) use of πυνθάνομαι, (f) and ἀκριβόω, (g) and documents, 214; (3) textual, and (4) analytical criticism lacking, (5) interprets events by (a) criticism of facts, 214, (b) using history ethically, (c) suggesting motives, (d) apologizing for favorites, (e) yielding to personal feeling, (f) pragmatic deduction, (g) centralizing prominent figures, (h) dwelling on human nature, (i) explaining away faults of the orthodox, and (j) speculating, 215; (6) chronological method, (a) imperial reigns his epochs, and (b) uses consulates as reference dates, 215; (7) geographical contributions, 215; names mostly Hebrew or Syrian, 215; (8) statistics unmethodical, (9) biography abundant, and fair, (10) ecclesiastical culture indirectly treated; (11) no systematic treatment of dogmatics and ethics, 216; (12) his knowledge of Christian literature incomplete, (13) treatment unphilosophical, (14) general style good and summaries excellent, 217. The period covered, presumptively a.d. 323-439, 217; but really only to a.d. 437, viz. Constantine to Theodosius II., 218; grouping of books by twos, 218. For whom he wrote; not merely for monks, nor for the learned, but for Christians generally, 218. His sources, I., those mentioned by S., 218-220; II., those unmentioned, 221-223; main authorities not indicated, 221; (1) relations to Socrates' history: three views, (a) Sozomen plagiarized (untenable), 221; (probable), 234; (b) both used same authorities independently (untenable), (c) Sozomen followed Socrates' lead to authorities (probable), 221, 222; (2) Rufinus, (3) Eusebius' Life of Constantine, (4) Athanasius, (5) Philostorgius, 222; (6) Sabinus, (7) Philippus of Side, (8) codices Gregorianus, Hermogianus, and Theodosianus, (9) Basil, (10) Gregory Nazianzen, (11) Sulpicius Severus, (12) Palladius, 223; stated by himself, 240. The ninth book, change in method, deals with the West, 223; unfinished, (a) intention not carried out, (b) Nestorianism not delineated, (c) events anticipated, narration uncompleted, 223; (d) ecclesiastical matters barely touched, (e) Stephen's story promised, but not given, (f, g) close abrupt, 224; conclusion not lost, abrupt close due to author's death, 224. By whom used, (a) Epiphanius Scholasticus, (b) Liberatus, (c) Theophanes, (d) Theodorus Lector, Nicephorus Callistus, 224, 225; errors numerous, 225.
Stephen, ascetic of Mareotis, 367.
Stephen, bishop of Antioch, deposed, 298.
Stephen the Martyr, relics discovered, 224.
Sulpicius Severus, a source of Sozomen's history, 223.
Synod, see Council.
Tabenna, island of Egypt, home of the Tabennesian monks, 292.
Tabennesian monks, origin and mode of life, 291.
Tarbula, sister of Symeon, martyrdom of, 266.
Tatian, a Phrygian martyr, 334.
Terentius, bishop of Tomi, 382.
Textual criticism of Sozomen, 227.
Theoctistus, gives name to the Psathyrians, 388.
Theodore the Confessor, of Antioch, 342.
Theodore, disciple of Ammon, in Egypt, 250.
Theodore, military officer, executed at order of Valens, 372.
Theodoritus, presbyter of Antioch, 331.
Theodosiolus, a relative of the Emperor Honorius, 425.
Theodosius the Great, 324, 332; built temple over head of John Baptist, 199, 391; character according to Sozomen, 200; literary eulogium on, 200; self-controlled and peaceful, 200; sees apparition of Martyr Basiliscus, 202; suppresses heresy and paganism, 209; address to, 236-238; associated with Gratian, 377; baptized, 378; gives title "Catholic Church" to the orthodox, 378; orders Demophilus to renounce Arianism, 379; attempts unification of church, 382; opposes Maximus and avenges Gratian, 384; orders pagan temples of Alexandria demolished, 285; excludes women under sixty years of age from ministry, 387; banishes Eunomius, 387; consults John of Thebais, 392; exacts tribute of Antioch in Syria, 392; declares Honorius emperor, defeats Eugenius, 393; reproached by Ambrose--the cause, 394; death, 397.
Theodulus, a Phrygian martyr, 334.
Theognis, bishop of province of Bithynia, favors Arianism, 293.
Theonas, an Egyptian ascetic, 365.
Theophanes, mentions Stephen, 224.
Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria, 212, 385, 398; opposes ordination of Chrysostom at Constantinople, 400; instance of sharp dealing, 400; unites with Chrysostom to unite churches of East and West, 400; maintains incorporeality of God, 406; but by sophistry deceives the people, 406; becomes hostile to "Long Brothers" and to Isidore, 406; complains of them and the eighty monks to Chrysostom, 407; returns no answer to latter's letter, 407; by double dealing enlists Epiphanius on his side, attempts to oust Chrysostom, 407; writes against books of Origen, 408; goes to Chalcedon in crusade against Chrysostom, 409; secures dethronement of Chrysostom at Ruffinianæ, 409; after a cold reception at Constantinople, 409; causes strife at Constantinople, 411; flees, and visits Gera, where he attempts to ordain a bishop, 411.
Theophilus of Ohn, 211.
Theotokos, Nestorian view of, opposed by Sozomen, 206.
Thyrsus the Martyr, aids Pulcheria to discover tomb of the Forty Martyrs, 420.
Tigrius, presbyter of Constantinople, persecuted by opponents of Chrysostom, 415.
Tomi, capital of Scythia, 359.
True cross, found on Calvary, cures sick, restores dead to life, 259.
Ulphilas, a general of Honorius, 426.
Uranius, bishop of Tyre, deposed, 318.
Ursacius, bishop of Sigidunus, deposed by Western bishops, 290; Arian tendencies of, 291; acknowledges falsity of charges against Athanasius, 300; attempts to force Aetianism on council of Ariminum, 312; but fails, 313.
Ursacius, schismatic bishop of Rome, 359.
Uzthazanes, a eunuch, suffers martyrdom, 265.
Valens, Emperor, portents during reign, 205, 209; compared with Valentinian, 217, 349; proclaimed Emperor by brother, 350; Arian in doctrine, 350; adopts Eudoxian views, 351; defeats Procopius, 351; persecutes Nicene adherents and Novatians, 351, 352; and Macedonians, 352; prohibits council at Tarsus, 353; orders orthodox bishops ejected, 353; permits return of Athanasius, 354; massacres deputation of orthodox Christians, 355; purposes further injury of the orthodox, 355; persecutes the orthodox of Syrian Antioch, 356; banishes and recalls Vetranio, 359; incensed at use of divination to learn his successor's name, 371; hears oration of Themistius, 372; becomes more humane, 373; angered by Constantinopolitans, makes war on the Scythians, 375; death predicted by monk Isaac, 376; death, 376.
Valens, bishop of Mursia, deposed by bishops of the West, 290; Arian tendencies, 291; acknowledges falsity of accusations against Athanasius, 300; favors Aetian heresy, 312; but fails to force it on council of Ariminum, 313; gains Constantius, 314; persecutes Nicene adherents, 315; calls his formulary the Nicene, 315.
Valentian, two Syrian monks, 371.
Valentinian III., succeeds Honorius, 427.
Venus, temple of, at Aphaca destroyed, 262.
Verinian, a relative of the Emperor Honorius, 425.
Vicentius, presbyter of Rome, attends Nicene council, 253.
Victor, bishop of Rome, paschal controversy with Polycarp of Smyrna, 390.
Virgin Mary, perpetual virginity of, 239.
Vito, presbyter of Rome, attends Nicene council, 253.
Vitus, bishop of Carræ, 370.
Western Christians, 241.
Word, see Logos.
Zeno, bishop of Tyre, 353.
Zeno, cousin of above, 332.
Zeno, monk of Majuma, afterwards bishop of Botolium, 396.
Zeno, a monk of Nisibis, 370.
Zocomus, a monk of Majuma, afterwards bishop of Botolium, 396.
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