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NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine
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EUSEBIUS: CONSTANTINE.

GENERAL INDEX.

Note.—The references to prolegomena and notes are in italics.

 

Ablavius, letter of C. to, 437.

“Aborigines,” 602.

Abraham at Mambre, 533.

Acacius, Count, 533, 538.

Accident, 564, 565.

Achaian bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Acheron, 567.

Achilles, 577.

Acrostic “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Saviour, Cross,” 574.

Adrianople, battle of, 418.

Advent of Christ predicted, 573.

Aegae, 535.

Aelafius = Ablavius.

Aesculapius, 601; Temple of, 535.

Aëtius, letter of C. to, 538.

Africa, controversies in, 516.

Agathangelus (source), 449.

Alexander of Alexandria, letter of C. to, 438; letter of C. to, 515; appoints George of Arethusa, presbyter, 538.

Alexander and Arius, origin of controversy between, 516; continuation of, 518.

Alexander of Thessalonica, 551, note.

Alexander the Great, 483.

Alexandria, Arian, controversies at, 515; worships at, prohibited, 546.

Amasia of Pontus, cruelties at, 500.

Ambrosius of Milan (source), 447.

Ammianus Marcellinus (source), 448.

Amomum, 576.

Amoses, 602.

Amphiaraus, 601.

Anastasia, 417, note.

Anastasius Bibliothecarius (source), 452.

Ancyrona, 420.

Anna Comnena (source), 454.

Anonymous Acts of Metrophanes and Alexander (source), 452.

Anonymous, qui Dionis Cassii historias continuavit (source), 451.

Anonymus Valesianus (source), 449.

Antioch, church built in 532, 594; disturbance at by Eustathius, 536.

Antiochians, letter of C. to, 438.

Antonius, letter to C. and of C. to him, 439.

Antony, 575.

Anulinus, letters of C. to, 437.

Aphaca in Phœnicia, 534.

Apollo, 512, 534, 574, 601, 602.

Apparition of Constantine’s troops, 502.

Arabian bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Arborius, 429.

Arethusa, 538.

Argo, 577.

Arius, letters of C. to, 438, 439; controversies concerning, at Alexandria, 515; letter of C. to, 515.

Arius and Alexander, origin of controversy between, 516; continuation of controversy, 518.

Aries, Council of, 417 note.

Asian bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Assyria, laws of, 573.

Assyrian Empire, overthrow of, 574.

Assyrians, 576.

Athanasius, letters of C. to, 439; (source), 446.

Attaliata, Michæl (source), 453.

Augustinus (source), 447.

Augustus, 575.

Aurelian, 579.

 

Babylon, 573.

Bacchus, 590, 601.

Bacchus, Omadian, 602.

Banquet given to bishops at Nicæa, 523, 524.

Baptism (mythical) of C., 439.

Baptism of C, 556.

Bassianus, 417, note.

Bethlehem, erection of church in, 530. 531, 594.

Bindings, elaborate, 549.

“Bishop,” C. as, 546.

Bithynian bishops at Jerusalem, 551.

Blemmyans, 483, 542.

Brescia, battle of, 416.

Britannic ocean, 507.

Britons, 483, 489, 553.

Bructeri, 413.

Byzantium, 418; becomes Constantinople, 419.

 

Cæcilianus, letter of C. to, 437.

Calendarium Romanum Constantine Magni (source), 448.

Calocærus, revolt of, 420.

Cambyses, 574.

Cantacusenus, Joannes (source), 454.

Cappadocian bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Cappadocian bishops at Jerusalem, 551.

Carthagenians, 602.

Cassiodorus (source), 415.

Cataphrygians, 539.

Catholicus, 549.

Cave of the nativity, 530.

Cave of the ascension, 530, 594.

Cedrenus, Georgius (source), 453.

Cemeteries, 510.

Ceres, 590.

Chalcedon, 419.

Chance, 565.

Chastity, esteem among Christians, 492.

Childless persons, law concerning, 546.

Chios, 602.

Chrestus, letter of C. to, 437.

Christ appears to C. in a dream, 490; the Son of God, 563; the creator of all things, 563; coming of in the flesh, 568; is God, and the Son of God, 568; miraculous conception of, 569; the Preserver, 569; doctrines and miracles of, 572; teaching of, 572; coming of, predicted, 573; cares for Daniel, 574; prophesied by the Sibyl, 575; miraculous birth of, 575, 576; divinity of, 576, 577; the author of Constantine’s victories, 578; the Son of God, 578. See under Word.

Christian Conduct, 578.

Christians promoted to office, 511; persecution of, 496, 497; cf. persecution, 51213; kindly received by barbarians, 513; in Persia, 542; not to be held slaves by Jews, 547; hypocritical Christians, 554.

Chronicon Paschale (source), 451.

Chrysopolis, battle of, 419.

Church, the, appeal to, 562; heir to the property of those dying without kindred, 509.

Church of the Apostles (see Constantinople).

Church of the Holy Sepulchre. See Holy Sepulchre.

Church festivals, honored by C., 545.

Churches built at Constantinople, 532; restoration of property to, 510; building of, 511 et pass.

Cicero, 575.

Cilicia, demon worship in, 535.

Cilician bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Codinus (source), 454.

Coins, 544, 559.

Cole, Old King, mythical grandfather of C., 441.

Confessors, 508; laws in favor of, 505; property of, 509.

Constans, made consul, 419, 420; appointed Cæsar, 550, 584.

Constantia, marriage, 417; asks to have Licinius spared, 419,

Constantin, city of, 549, 550.

CONSTANTINE.

EVENTS, ACTS, CIRCUMSTANCES.

Early years, 411 sq.; name, 411 and note; surnamed Great, 411; date of birth, 411 and note; born at Naïssus, 411 and note; son of Constantius Chlorus and Helena, 411; brought up at Drepanum, 411; sent to court of Diocletian, 412; takes part in various campaigns, 412; with Diocletian in Egypt, 412; alliance with Minervina, 412 and note; at Nicomedia, 412; at abdication of Diocletian and Maximinus, 412; physique of, 412; courage of, 412; created tribune of first order, 412; nominated Cæsar by Diocletian, rejected by Galerius, 412; death sought by Galerius, 412; gains permission to go, 412; maims post horses, 412; joins his father at Boulogne, 412; accompanies him to Britain, 412; named as successor by Constantius at York, 412; proclaimed Augustus, 413, 414; supported by Erocus, 413; claims title from Galerius, 413; is given title of Cæsar, 413; war against France, 413; against Bructeri, 413; exposes captives to wild beasts, 413; C. and Maximinus, named “sons of the emperors,” 413; acknowledged emperor by Galerius, 413; marries Fausta, 414; plot of Maximian, 413; capture of Maximian, 413; another plot, 413; saved by Fausta, 413; puts Maximian to death, 413; internal improvements, 413; favors the Christians, 414; writes to Maximinus in their behalf, 414; named Augustus by Maximian, 414; campaign against Maxentius and capture of Rome, 416, 417; returns to Milan, 417; marriage of Constantia, 417; edict of Milan, 417 and note; returns to Gaul, 417; C. and the Donatists, 417 and note; falls out with Licinius, 417 and note; defeats of Licinius at Cibalis and Mardia, and redistribution of territory, 418; Decennalia, 418; at Arles, 418; in Dacia and Pannonia, 418; campaign against Sarmatians, 418; war with Licinius, 418; defeats Licinius, 418, 419; favors the Christians, 419; takes part in Council of Nicæa, 419; Vicennalia, 419; at Aries and Milan, 419; puts Crispus and others to death, 419; tricennalia, 420; at Jerusalem, 420; death, 420; burial, 420; myths concerning, 441; C. and his mother Helena, 441; C. the son of a British princess, 441, 442; leprosy and baptism, 442; donation, 442, 443; dream, 443; voyage of Helena, 443, 444; finding of the cross, 444; sword, 445; remorse of, 445; C. and Tiridates, 445; compared with Cyrus and Alexander the Great, 483, 484; compared with Moses, 585; contrasted with Licinius, 496; contrasted with the persecutors, 519; vicennalia, 481 and note; tricennalia, 481; reigned thirty years and lived above sixty, 489; conquered nearly the whole world, 483; obtains authority over more nations than any who had preceded him, 483; eldest son and successor of Constantius, 487; accompanied Diocletian to Palestine, 487; plots of Diocletian and Galerius against, 488; flight of, to his father, 488; present at death of his father, 487, 488; assumes the purple, 488; proclaimed Augustus by army, 488; resolves to deliver Rome, 489; chooses Christianity, 489; vision of the cross, 489; has standard of the cross made, 490, 491; resolves to worship God and receives instruction, 491; makes ministers his advisers, 491; goes against Maxentius, 491; advances into Italy and thrice defeats forces of Maxentius, 492; defeats Maxentius at the Milvian bridge, 492, 493; enters Rome, 493; acts of grace, 494; honors bishops, 494; builds churches, 494; decennalia, 481, 495; victories over barbarians, 495; aroused in behalf of Christians persecuted by Licinius, 500; prepares for war, 501; victory of C., 502, 503; lets Licinius escape, 503; prayers in tabernacle, 503, 504; victory, 504; puts Licinius to death, 504; surnamed Victor, 505, 591; sends Hosius to Alexandria in the interest of peace, 515; anxiety for peace, 516; adjusts controversies in Africa, 516; presides at Council of Nicæa, 521; address to council, 522, 523; brings council to harmony, 523; entertains the bishops, 523; farewell address to the bishops, 525, 526; honors his mother, 532; subdues Scythians (Goths) and Sarmatians, 541, 542; affirms validity of decrees of councils, 547; listens standing to Eusebius, 548; appoints his sons Cæsars, 550; founds cities, 550; convenes council at Tyre, 550; dedicates church at Jerusalem, 551; divides empire between sons, 553; mourning at Rome, 558; honor paid them, 558; length of reign, 554; age at death, 554; war against Persians, 554; takes bishops with him, 554; also tent in the form of a church, 555; embassy from the Persians, 555; erects sepulchral monument, 555; sickness at Helenopolis, 555; proceeds to Nicomedia, 556; baptism, 556; thanksgiving for baptism, 556; death, 557; removal of body to Constantinople, 557; burial, 558.

CHARACTER AND RELIGIOUS ACTS.

Character, 420435; inherited characteristics, 421; physical characteristics: height, countenance, complexion, hair, beard, nose, eyes, expression, figure, 421; shoulders, neck, strength, vigor, bearing, manners, dress, 422; mental characteristics: education, orations, delivery, literary style, patronage of learning, 422, 423; moral characteristics: energy, determination, rapidity of action, impetuosity, courage and valor, ambition, prudence, patience, perseverance, steadfastness, faithfulness, self-control, chastity, amiability, mildness, mercifulness, and forbearance, kindness, generosity, prodigality, hospitality, justice, righteousness, tact, vanity, magnificence, conceit, humility, arrogance(?), jealousy, suspiciousness, faithlessness; as son, husband, father, friend, as general, legislator, statesman, 423430; religious characteristics, 430–433; honored by God, 482; the servant of God and conqueror of nations, 483; proclaims name of God in his edicts, 484; emperor by the will of God, 489; liberality to poor, 494; present at synods, 494, 495; divine manifestation to, 495; humane treatment of prisoners, 503; declares God to be the author of his prosperity, 506; chosen by God, 507; exhortation to worship God, 510; prayers of, 513, 544, 555, 556; piety of, 519, 520; orders erection of church at Jerusalem, 526, 528; presents of, at his vicennalia, 526; builds churches at Constantinople, 532; at Nicomedia, 532; abolishes idolatry at Constantinople, 532; destroys idol temples, 534, 535; builds church at Heliopolis, 536; presents by, 541; remission of taxes, 541; forbids idolatrous worship, 545; honors martyrs and church festivals, 545; observance of Easter, 545; requires soldiers to pray on Sunday, 545; form of prayer given, 545; zeal in prayer, 545; calls himself a bishop, 546; prohibits sacrifices, mystic rites, combats of gladiators, and worship of Nile, 546; gifts of, to churches, virgins, and the poor, 547; excessive clemency, 548; rebukes a covetous man, 548; liberality, 551, 552; displeased with excessive praise, 552; instructs his children in politics and religion, 553, 554; benevolence, 554; vigor of body, 554; builds Church of the Apostles, 555; gifts, 556; honored by God, 559; surpassed preceding emperors in devotion, 559; ascribes all things to God, 580; gifted with divine and human wisdom, 581; wise, good, just, 585; self-control, 586; abolishes idolatry, 591, 592; churches built by, 594.

LAWS, LETTERS, AND WRITINGS.

Laws and internal improvements, 418; writings, 436; oratorical, 436; letters and edicts, 436440; laws, 440; style, 440; (spurious) treaty with Sylvester and Tiridates, 439; laws of, 440, 445; oration to the assembly of the saints, prolegomena, 466, 467, 469; edicts in favor of confessors, 505; laws concerning martyrs and concerning ecclesiastical property, 505; letters of, 506; rescripts, 506; law respecting piety, 506, 507; law granting release from exile, etc., 508; law forbidding sacrifice, 511; letter to Eusebius concerning the building of churches, 511; law ordering building of churches, 511; letter to the people of the provinces concerning the error of polytheism, 512; letter to Alexander and Arius, 515; letter to churches concerning Council of Nicæa, 524, 525; letters to bishops met at the Council of Nicæa, 526; letters to the Egyptians exhorting peace, 526; letter to Eusebius (Macarius) concerning Mambre, 533; letters to the Antiochians concerning Eustathius, 536; letter to Antiochians concerning Eusebius, 536, 537; letter to the council concerning the removal of Eusebius from Cæsarea, 538; letter to Eusebius on his refusing the bishopric of Antioch, 538; edict against the heretics, 539; letter to Sapor, 543, 544; law for observance of Sunday, 544; amends laws concerning the childless and concerning wills, 546; law that no Christian shall be slave to a Jew, 547; discourses and declamations, 547; oration to the saints, 548; writes to Eusebius concerning Easter, 548, 549; and concerning copies of the Scriptures, 548, 549; letter to Council of Tyre, 550, 551; writings of, 554; employs himself in compositions, 554; oration of, 561.

Constantine, arch of, 417, note.

Constantine, coins of, 544, 559.

Constantine, life of, by Eusebius, editions, 466; translations, 466, 467; translation (text), 481.

Constantine, literature on, 455465.

Constantine, picture of, 520, 544.

Constantine, sources for life, 444455.

Constantine, statue of, 493.

Constantine II. made Cæsar, 418, 550, 584; war against Goths, 419.

Constantine, sons of. See Sons of Constantine.

Constantinople, founding of, 419; description of, 555.

Constantinople, Church of Apostles at, 420.

Constantinople, founding of, mythical dream of C. concerning, 443.

Constantinople, Church of Apostles, 555; funeral service in, 558.

Constantinus Porphyrogenitus (source), 452.

Constantius, son of C., appointed Cæsar, 550, 584; marriage of, 553; buries his father, 558.

Constantius Chlorus, Emperor, 411; father of Constantine, 411; husband of Helena, 411 and note; made Cæsar, 411, 412; divorces Helena, 412; becomes Augustus, 412, 414; asks to have Constantine sent to him, 412; expedition to Britain, 412; death at York, 412, 414; names C. successor, 412; internal improvements continued by his son, 414, note; character, 421, 485 and note; mildness of rule, 485; numberless virtues, 485; refuses to persecute, 485; reproached with poverty by Diocletian, 486; his answer, 487; secured subjects free worship, 485; stratagem of, 486; becomes chief Augustus, 487; sole Augustus, 487; blessed with numerous offspring, 487; devotion to Supreme God, 487; reward of devotion, 487; his Christian manner of life, 487; death of, 488; bequeaths empire to his son, 488; burial, 488; his happy end, 488; honors the one God, 489; humanity and piety of, 512.

Controversy between Alexander and Arius, origin of, 516; continuation of, 518.

Covetous man rebuked by C., 548.

Creation by Christ, 563; works of, 564.

Creator, 569; wisdom of, 565, etc., cf. words God and Word.

Crescentius = Chrestus, 437.

Crete, 602.

Crispus, son of Constantine and Minervina, 412 and note; made Cæsar, 418; defeats the Franks, 418; death of, 419; tutored by Lactantius, 423; death of, discussion of, 428, 429.

Cross, vision of, 416, 490 and note; the sign of immortality, 491 and note; sign of. See Sign of Cross and Standard of Cross, 232.

Cross-bearers, one slain, another preserved, 502.

Cumæan Sibyl, 575.

Cupid, 590, 601.

Cyriacus, St. (mythical), death of, 444.

Cyril of Jerusalem (source), 447.

Cyrus the Great, 483.

 

Dalmatius, 584 and note; made Cæsar, 420.

Dalmatius, letter of C. to, 439.

Daniel, 573, 574.

Daniel and the lions, figure of, 532.

Daphne, 574.

Death, worship of, 590.

Decennalia of C., 550.

Decius, 579.

Declamations of C., 547.

Delphic tripods, 534.

Demon worship in Cicilia, 535.

Design, 564; evidence of, 565.

Diceto, Ralph de (source), 455.

Diocletian, C. hostage with, 412 and note; palace struck by lightning, 412; abdication, 412, 414; urges appointment of C. as Cæsar, 414; “Fourth Edict” of persecution, 415.

Diocletian, persecution by, 485, 486; passes through Palestine, 487; abdication of, 487, 579; insanity and cruelty of, 512; terrified by lightning, 579.

Diodorus Siculus, 602 and note.

Diomede, 602.

Dionysius, 551.

Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 602.

Discourses of C., 547.

Discourses by bishops at Jerusalem, 552.

Divination, practice by Licinius, 501.

Donatists, 417 and note, 418.

Donatist bishops, letter of C. to, 437.

Donation of C., 442, 443.

Dracilianus, 528.

Dragon in picture of C., 520.

Dream of C. concerning the founding of Constantinople (mythical), 443.

Drepanum, refounded as Helenopolis, 419.

Ducas (source), 455.

Dumateni, 602.

Dusaris, 601.

 

East, the religion came from, 516.

Easter, 555; celebration of, 520, 521; declaration of Council of Nicæa, 523; observance of, 524; observance by C., 545; remarks on, 561.

Eastern Nations, 483.

Edict of Licinius, 497.

Edict of toleration by Galerius, 498.

Edict of toleration by Maximinus, 498, 499.

Egypt, Arian disturbance in, 515, 5 20; controversies in, 550; travels of Pythagoras in, 566; laws of, 573.

Egyptian bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Ephræmius (source), 454.

Epirus, bishops from, at Nicæa, 521.

Erechtheus, 602.

Erocus, king of the Allemanni, 413.

Erythræan Sibyl, the, 574, 575.

Eternal life, 567, 570, 579, 580.

Ethiopians, 483.

Eusebius, letter of C. to, 437, 439; (source), 446; Life of C., editions, 466; translations, 466, 467; date, 467; trustworthiness, 467; value, 469; oration in praise of C., Prolegomena, 466, 467, 469; translation, 481; purpose of the work, 484; address at Nicæa, 522; called to Antioch, 536; letter to, concerning Mambre, 533; letter of C. to Antiochians concerning, 537; letter of C. to, on his refusing the bishopric of Antioch, 538; letters of, respecting bishopric of Antioch, 538; declamation in honor of our Saviour’s Sepulchre, 548; letter of C. to, concerning copies of the Scriptures, 548, 549; discourse concerning Easter, 548, 549; letter of C. to, concerning Easter, 549; pronounces discourse at Jerusalem, 552; at Constantinople, 552; tricennial oration, before Constantine, 552; oration in praise of C., 581.

Eusebius of Nicomedia, letter of C. against, 438.

Ethiopians, 542.

Eumalius Vicarius, letter of C. to, 437.

Eumenius (source), 446.

Eunapius (source), 448.

Euphronius, 538.

Eustathius, 536.

Eutropius (source), 447.

Evagrius (source), 451.

Everlasting life. See Eternal life.

Evil, propensity to, 571.

 

Famine at Rome, 492.

Fate, 564.

Fausta marries C., 413; reveals plot of Maximian, 413; death of, 419.

Faustus of Byzantium (source), 449.

Finding of the Cross, 444.

“Fourth Edict” of Persecution, 415.

Francs, 413.

Future life, 568; cf. eternal life.

Future retribution, 578, 579.

 

Galatian bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Galerius, C. hostage with, 412 and note; refuses to appoint C. Cæsar, 412; jealousy of C., 412; rage at the escape of C., 412; refuses C. the title of Augustus, 413; becomes Augustus, 414; death, 414, 416; character, 414; Galerius real author of “Fourth Edict” of Persecution, 415; issues edict of toleration, 416; persecution by, 485; expedition against Rome, 489 and note; edict of toleration, 498.

Galerius (Maximian G.), death of, 498.

Ganymede, 590.

Gaza becomes Constantia, 550.

Gelasius of Cyzicus (source), 450.

Generation, 562, 563.

Generation of the Son, 569.

Generation of the Word, 562, etc.

Gentiles in office, forbidden to sacrifice, 511; abandon idol worship, 535.

Geoffrey of Monmouth (source), 455.

George of Arethusa, 538 and note.

Getæ, 601.

Giants, 482 and note.

Gladiatorial combats forbidden, 546.

Glycas, Mich (source), 454.

God, known through his government of the universe, 514; the teacher of good, 514; the Father, 562, 566, 568; the Saviour, 562; the Creator of all things, 562; the Father of the Word, 562; benevolent care of, 563; intellectual essence of, 565; Providence of, 565; the source of all things, 580; one, 584; knowledge of, 571, 606; cf. Christ, the Word, etc.

Good, propensity to, 571.

Good Shepherd, figure of, 532.

Goths, 542, note; war with, 419.

Gregoras, Nicephoras (source), 454.

Gregory of Tours (source), 451.

 

Hannibalianus, 420, 584 and note.

Helena, wife of Constantius, 411 and note; mother of C., 411; lived at Drepanum, 411 and note; divorced by Constantius, 412; visit to Jerusalem, 419; character of, 421; spurious letter of C. to, 439; spurious letter to C., 439; (mythical) Constantine and, 441; (mythical) a British princess, 441, 442; (mythical) voyage of, 443; finds the cross, 444; makes will, 531; death, 531; builds churches at Bethlehem and Mount of Olives, 530; pious conduct of, 531; generosity of, 531; has titles of Augusta and empress, 532; coins struck in her name, 532.

Helenopolis, 555; founding of, 419.

Helicon, 534.

Heliopolis, 602; inhabitants of, letter of C. to, 439; Temple of Venus destroyed, 535; church built, 536.

Henry of Huntingdon (source), 455.

Heraclea, battle near, 417.

Hercules, 590, 601.

Heretics, edict against, 539; deprived of their meeting places, 539; may return to Catholic Church, 540.

Hesychius Milesius (source), 450.

Hieronymus (source), 447.

Holy Sepulchre, 527, 548; discovery of, 527, 528; church of, 526, 528, 594; description of, 528, 530.

Honors paid C. after death, 557.

Horns, 601.

Hosius, friend of C., 423.

Houses, restoration of, 509, 510.

 

Iberia, 577.

Idatius (source), 450.

Idol worship abandoned, 535.

Idolatrous worship forbidden, 545; error of, 563.

Images, overthrow of, 534.

Indian Ocean, 553.

Indians, 483, 542, 553.

Ingentius, 437.

Inscription on statue of C., 493.

Inspiration of the Sibyl, 575.

Invention of the Cross. See Finding of the Cross.

Isis, 601.

Italians, 566.

 

Jacobus of Sarug (source), 450.

Jerome. See Hieronymus.

Jerusalem, improvements in, 419; dedication of church at, 420, 550, 551.

Jerusalem, Synod of, 552.

Jews, 806; may not have Christian slaves, 547.

Joannes the Meletian, letter of C. to, 439.

Johannes Antiochenus (source), 452.

Jordan, the, 556, 569.

Jordanes (or Jornandes) (source), 451.

Jove, 577.

Judgment, the, 578, 579.

Julian the Apostate (source), 448.

Juno, 602.

Jupiter, 590, 602.

Jupiter Latiaris, 602.

Justice, 564.

 

Knowledge, desire of, 566.

 

Labarum, 490 and note, 491 and notes.

Lactantius (source), 446.

Lactantius, tutor to Crispus, 423.

Lamentation at death of C., 557.

Lands, restoration of, 509, 510.

Laodicea, 602.

Law respecting piety, 506, 507; granting release for exile, etc., 508; forbidding sacrifice, 511; ordering building of churches, 511; of wills, 546; respecting childless persons, 546.

Laws, human, 564.

Lebanon, Mount, 534, 592.

Leo Diaconus (source), 453.

Leprosy (mythical) of C., 442.

Letter of C. to the churches, 524.

Leus, 602.

Libanius (source), 448.

Libya, Arian disturbance in, 515; controversies in, 550.

Libyan bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Libyans, 602.

Licinius appointed Augustus, 414; character, 414; marriage to Constantia, 417; edict of Milan, 417; defeats Maximinus, 417; falls out with C., 417; defeated at Cibalis and Mardia, 418; persecution of Christians, 418; war with C. and defeat by, 418, 419; surrender, 419; life spared, 419; death, 419; conspiracy of, against C., 496; contrasted with C., 496; oppresses the East, 496; intrigues against the bishops, 496; persecutes Christians, 496, 497, 498, 500; lawless conduct and covetousness of, 497; address to soldiers, 501; sacrifices to idols, 501, 504; flight of, 503; advises soldiers not to attack the Cross, 504; treachery of, 504; death of, 504.

Licinius, son of Licinius, made Cæsar, 418; death of, 419.

Linus, 577.

Logos used as personalty, 481, note; cf. 482, note.

Lord’s Day. See Sunday.

Lucina, 576.

Lydus, Joannes, (Laurentius) (source), 451.

 

Macarius, Letters of C. to, 438, 439; letter of C. to, 528; letter to, concerning Mambre, 533.

Macedonian bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Magic, practised by the persecuting emperors, 489; by Maxentius, 492; by Licinius, 501, 503.

Malalas (source), 452.

Mambre, oak of, 533; church built at, 533.

Marcionites, 539.

Mararianus, the notary, 551.

Maro. See Virgil.

Mars, 602.

Martyrs, in the palaces, 486; laws in favor of, 505; property of, 509; tombs of, 510; churches in honor of, at Constantinople, 532; honored by C., 545; life and death of, 571.

Material objects, existence of, 562.

Material world, 571.

Maxentius, proclaimed emperor by Prætorian guards, 413, 414; persuades Maximian to resume purple, 413; quarrels with M., 413; character, 415; prepares for war against C., 416; death, 416; tyranny and lust of, 491; causes slaughter of Roman people, 492; armies of, defeated thrice, 492; employs magic arts, 492; death of, 492, 493; death compared with that of Pharaoh, 493.

Maximian, abdication of, 412, 414; resumes purple, 414; quarrels with Maxentius, 413; alliance with C., 413; plots against C., 413; defeated at Marseilles, 413; another plot, 413; death, 413, 414, 416; character, 415; persecution by, 485; abdication of, 487; insanity and cruelty of, 512; death of, 495.

Maximinus, with C. made “sons of the emperors,” 413, 414; acknowledged emperor, 413, 414; letter of C. to, 414; appointment as Cæsar, 414; assumes title of Augustus, 414; character, 415; persecution by, 415; war against Licinius, defeat, flight, and death, 417, 578; persecution of, 498; flight and death of, 498; edict in favor of Christians, 498, 499.

Maximinus (for Maximianus), death of, 495.

Melcatharus, 601.

Melchiades, letter of C. to, 437.

Memphis, 573.

Mercury, 601.

Mesopotamian bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Metageitnion, 601.

Milan, edict of, 417.

Miltiades = Melchiades.

Minerva, 601, 602.

Minerva Agraulis, 602.

Minervina, alliance of C., 412 and note.

Miracles, 572.

Mnemosyne, 601.

Mœsians at Jerusalem, 551.

Mopsus, 601.

Moses, C. compared with, 485; wisdom of, 573.

Mount of Olives, erection of church on, 530, 531, 594.

Muses, 534.

Musonius, 536.

Mystic rites, prohibition of, 546.

 

Naïssus, 411 and note.

Narcissus, letter of C. to, 538.

Nazarius (source), 446; delivers oration, 418.

Nature, 565, 571; parent of all, 561.

Nebuchadnezzar, 573.

Nero, 484.

Nicæa, Council of, 419, 481, note; calling of, 521; bishops present, 521; number of bishops, 522; deacons, etc., present, 522; character of the bishops, 521; held in the palace, 522; Constantine present at, 522; address of Eusebius, 522; address of Constantine, 522, 523; declaration of, 523; letter of C. to the churches concerning, 524; farewell address of C. to, 525, 526.

Nicephorus Callistus (source), 454.

Nicetas Choniatas (source), 454.

Nicomedia, 579, etc.; churches built in, 532.

Nicomedians, letter of C. to, 438.

Nile, worship of, forbidden, 546.

Novatians, 539.

Number, 566, 587589.

Numidian bishops, letter of C. to, 438.

 

Obodas, 601.

Omadian Bacchus, 602.

Optatian (= Porphyrius), (source), 446.

Oracle of Apollo, 512.

Oracle, Pythian, 513.

Oration of C. to the Saints, 548; translation of, 561.

Orosius, Paulus (source), 450.

Orphans, Care of C. for, 494.

Orpheus, 577, 603.

Osiris, 601.

 

Painting, encaustic, 482 and note.

Palestinian bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Pamphylian bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Pan, 577.

Panegyrists (source), 446

Pannonians at Jerusalem, 551.

Passion, day of, 561.

Paulians, 539.

Pentecost, feast of, 557.

Persecution by colleagues of Constantius, 485; edict of, 512; origin of, 512.

Persecutions, 415, 416, 507.

Persecutors, the, 507; end of, 507, 513, 543, 593, 594; contrasted with C, 519.

Persia, Christians in, 542544.

Persian bishop at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Persian War, 554, 555.

Petrus Patricius (source), 451.

Pharaoh, 573.

Pharaoh and Maxentius, 493.

Philosophers, the, 566; doctrines of, 567.

Philosophy, 546 and note, 547.

Philostorgius (source), 450.

Phœbus, 577.

Phœnician bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Phoenix, the, 558.

Photius (source), 452.

Phrygian bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Picture of C. with Cross and Dragon, 520.

Plato, 573; doctrines of, 566.

Plots of Diocletian and Galerius against C, 488 and note.

Pluto, 590.

Poets, sayings of, 567.

Pontus, bishops from, at Nicæa, 521.

Porfirius = Optatian.

Porphyrius = Optatian.

Porphyrius, letter of C. to, 438.

Portraits of C., 544.

Prætorian Præfect, 511 and note, 528.

Praxagoras Atheniensis (source), 448.

Prayer, form of, given by C. to soldiers, 545.

Priapus, 601.

Probianus, letter of C. to, 437.

Procopius Cæsariensis (source), 451.

Prohibited books, 539.

Prophecies of Christ’s coming, 573.

Prophecy of Sibyl, 575.

Proserpine, 590, 601.

Prosper Aquitanus (source), 450.

Providence, 565; supplies all needs, 566; = Christ, 569, 570, etc., etc.

Pseudo-Isidore (source), 452.

Pseudo-Leo (source), 453.

Pyriphlegethno, 567.

Pythagoras, 566, 573.

Pythian Apollo, 534.

Pythian Oracle, 513.

Pythius, 592.

 

Resurrection, 605.

Rhine, 489.

“Righteous men, The,” 512.

Rome, famine at, 492.

 

Sabbath, 544.

Sacrifices, prohibition of, 546.

Sapor, 579; letter of C. to, 439, 542, and note; desires to make alliance with C., 542; letter of C. to, 543. 544.

Sarmatians, defeated by C., 418; war in behalf of, 419; received into Roman Empire, 420; revolt of slaves, 542; seek protection of C., 541; attacked by Scythians, 542; received into Roman Empire, 542; conquest of, 542.

Saturn, 601, 602.

Saviour, the, appears to Abraham, 533.

Scriptores Histories Augusta (source), 448.

Scriptures, copies of, 549 and notes.

Scythia, subdued by C, 483.

Scythians, 602; conquest of, 541;

Self-control, 564.

Sepulchre, Holy. See Holy Sepulchre.

Severus, becomes Cæsar, 414; Augustus, 414; death, 414, 416; character of, 414; expedition against Rome, 489 and note.

Sibyl, the, 574; prophecy concerning Christ, 575.

Sign of the Cross. See Standard of the Cross.

Sign of cross, 513, 520, 541, 593, 594; engraved on soldiers’ shields, 545.

Sigusium, capture of, 416.

Sminthian Apollo, 534.

Socrates (source), 450.

Socrates, 566.

Son, the revealer of light, 514.

Sons of C, 505, 582; heirs of Helena, 530, 531; appointed Cæsars, 550; empire divided between, 553; instruction of, 553, 554; Christians, 553; proclaimed Augustus by the army, 557.

Soul, the breath of God, 567.

Sozomen (source), 449.

Spanish bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Sparta, 602.

Standard of the Cross, 490, 502; victory follows, 502; fifty men selected to carry, 502. See Sign of the Cross.

Stephen of Byzantium (source), 449.

Strategius, Count, 538. See Musonius.

Sunday, law for observance of, 544, 545; pagan soldiers required to pray on, 545.

Sword of C. (mythical), 445.

Sylvester, Pope (spurious), treaty with C. and Tiridates, 439; letter of C. to (the Donation), 440; baptism of C., 442; mythical appearance to C. in a dream, 443.

Symplegades, 520 and note.

Syrian bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

 

Tabernacle of the Cross, 503.

Taxes, equalization of, 541; remission of, 541.

Temple, destruction of idol, 534, 535, etc.

Tenedos, 602.

Tent in the form of a church, 554, 555.

Thebaid, Arian disturbance in, 515; bishops from at Jerusalem, 551.

Theban bishops at Nicæa, 521.

Theoaoret (source), 450.

Theodorus, letter of C. to, 538.

Theodorus of Perinthus, 551, note.

Theodotus, letter of C. to, 438; letter of C. to, 538.

Theognis, letter of C. against, 438.

Theogonius, 551, note.

Theophanes (source), 452.

Thracian bishops at Nicæa, 521; at Jerusalem, 551.

Thracians, 602.

Tiber, 492.

Tiberius, 575.

Tiphys, 577.

Tiridates, 445; (spurious) treaty with C. and Sylvester, 439.

Toleration, edicts of, 417 and note; first edict, 416; second edict, 437. See under Edict.

Tombs of martyrs, 510.

Torture practised against Christians, 513.

Tricennalia, 550, 552, 582.

Tripods, 534, 574.

Troy, 577, 606.

Turin, battle of, 416.

Tyrants, destruction of, 482, 488. See Persecutors, end of.

Tyre, Synod of, 420, 550; letter of C. concerning, 439; letter of C. to, 439; letter of C. to, 550, 551; adjourns to Jerusalem, 551.

 

Ursacius, 551, note.

Usorus, 601.

 

Valens, 551, note.

Valerian, 543 and note, 579.

Valentinians, 539.

Venus, 601; worship of, 534, 590, 592; Temple of, 535.

Verona, capture of, 416.

Vice, 564.

Vicennalia of C., 419, 550, 552.

Victor, Sextus Aurelius (source), 448.

Virgil, 575, 576.

Virgin, the, 575, 576.

Virginity, 546 and note.

Virgins, C. gives dowries to, 494.

Virtue, 564.

Virtue, life of, 571.

Vision of the Cross, 416, 490 and note.

Voragine (source), 455.

 

Western ocean, 483, 489, 553.

Widows, care of C. for, 494.

Will of God, 564.

Will of man, 571.

William of Malmesbury (source), 455.

Wills, law of, 546, 547.

Women’s apartments, 508.

Word, the, 482, 561; Son of God, 562; is Son of God and with God, 566; is God himself, the High Priest, the Light, pervades and rules all things, 583; only-begotten Saviour of the universe, pre-existent, 583; the source of all things, 585; author of thought and knowledge of God, produces the likeness of God, 585; doctrine of, 595. (Creator, Preserver, only begotten, etc., etc.)

 

Zalmolxis, 601.

Zenobius of Klag (source), 449.

Zonaras, Johannes (source), 453.

Zosimus (source), 449.

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