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History of the Christian Church, Volume VIII: Modern Christianity. The Swiss Reformation.
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APPENDIX.



LITERATURE ON THE REFORMATION IN FRANCE.


Comp. the literature in § 58, pp. 223–230; and Schaff’s Creeds of Christendom, vol. I. 490 sq.

The best libraries on the history of Protestantism in France are in Paris (Société de l’histoire du Protestantisme français, 54 rue des Saint-Pères), Geneva, Zürich, Basel, and Strassburg. The most important works are in the library of the Union Theological Seminary at New York.


I. Ecclesiastical History of Protestantism in France.


*A. L. Herminjard: Correspondance des Réformateurs dans les pays de langue française. Genève and Paris, 1866–1886. 7 vols. From 1512 to 1542. To be continued.

*Calvin’s Correspondence from 1528 to his death in 1564, in his Opera, vols. X.–XX.

[*Theodore Beza.]: Histoire ecclésiastique des églises réformées au royaume de France, from the beginning of the Reformation to the first civil war (1521–1563). Anvers, 1580, 3 vols.; Toulouse, 1882, in 2 vols.; best ed. by Baum, Cunitz, and Rodolphe Reuss, with ample commentary and bibliographical notices. Paris (Fischbacher), 1883–1889, 3 vols. Part of Les Classiques du Protestantisme français, XVIe, XVIIe, et XVIIIe siècles, published with the patronage of the Société de l’histoire du Protestantisme français.

This work was formerly ascribed to Beza, but is a compilation by several anonymous authors under the direction and with the co-operation of Beza. Some portions are literally borrowed from Crespin’s "Martyrology." Senebier thinks that the first part was prepared by Beza, the other two under his direction. See Soldan, I. 88; Heppe, Theod. Beza, p. 382 sq.; La France Prot. (2d ed.), II. 535; and especially the notice bibliographique, etc., of R. Reuss in the third volume of Baum’s edition.

* Jean Crespin (a friend of Beza and publisher in Geneva; d. 1572): Livre des martyrs (Acta Martyrum), depuis le temps de Wiclif et de Jean Hus jusqu’à present, 1554. Latin ed.: Acta Martyrum, or Actiones et Monimenta Martyrum, etc. 1st ed. 1556. Enlarged edition, Genève, 1619, 2 vols. fol.; Amsterd., 1684. Several French, Latin, Dutch, English, and German editions. See Polenz, Gesch. des franz. Calvinismus, I. 723–735, and La France Protest., IV. 885–910. Latest and best edition, under the title Histoire des martyrs persecutez et mis hi mort pour la vérité de l’Évangile depuis le temps des apostres jusqu’à présent (1619), Toulouse, 1889. 3 large vols. 8vo. With notes, etc., by M. Lelièvre.

Florimond De Raemond (Rom. Cath.): L’histoire de la naissance, progrès et decadence de l’herésie de ce siècle. Paris, 1610.

Louis Maimbourg (Jesuit historian and controversialist, 1620–1686) Histoire du calvinisme. Paris, 2d ed., 1682, 2 vols. 12mo. He presents Calvinism as the direct road to atheism. Calvin’s doctrine of predestination, he says, (I. 110) "détruit absolument toute l’idée qu’on doit avoir de Dieu, et ensuite conduit tout droit à l’Athéisme."

Peter Jurieu (Protestant historian and controversialist, 1637–1713) Histoire du Calvinisme et celle du Papisme mises en parallèle, ou apologie pour les réformateurs, pour la réformation, et pour les réformez. Rotterdam, 1683. 3 vols. An answer to Maimbourg. He wrote also against Bossuet.

Pierre Bayle (sceptic): Critique générale de l’histoire du calvinisme. Rotterdam, 1684.

Bishop Bossuet: Histoire des variations des églises protestantes. Paris, 1688. 2 vols. Several editions and translations—not historical, but polemical and partial. The ablest French work against Protestantism, containing arguments derived from its divisions and changes.

*Elie Benoit (1640–1728): Histoire de l’Édit de Nantes. Delft, 1693–1695. 5 vols. 4to. English and Dutch translations. The first volume goes to the death of Henri IV. in 1610; vols. II., III., and IV. to 1683; vol. V. to 1688.

Serranus (Jean de Serres, historiographer of France, 1540–1598): Commentarii de statu religionis et reipublicae in regno Galliae, 1571–1580 (five parts).

Theod. Agrippa d’Aubigné (Albinaeus), a Huguenot in the service of Henry IV.; d. at Geneva, 1630): Histoire universelle (from 1550 to the end of the sixteenth century). Maillé, 1616–1620. 3 vols. Amsterd. (Geneva), 1626, 2 vols. Also in his Oeuvres complètes, Paris, 1873.

Philippe Du Plessis-Mornay: Mémoires. Paris, 1624–1625, 2 vols. 4to; Amsterd., 1651. Mémoires et Lettres. Paris, 1824. 12 vols. Mornay was the most accomplished and influential Protestant nobleman of his age, a fertile author, soldier, diplomatist, and statesman, who lived under six reigns from Henry II. to Louis XIII.—Mme. Du Plessis-Mornay: Mémoires et Correspondance. Paris, 1868. 2 vols. On the life of her husband.

Jean Aymon (d. 1712): Tous les synodes nationaux des églises réformées de France. La Haye, 1710. 2 vols. 4to.

*John Quick (a learned Non-conformist, d. 1706): Synodicon in Gallia reformata; or the Acts, Decisions, and Canons of the National Councils of the Reformed Churches in France. London, 1692. 2 vols. fol. (with a history of the Church till 1685). Much more accurate than Aymon

E. A. Laval: Compendious History of the Reformation in France ... to the Repealing of the Edict of Nantes. London, 1737–1741. 7 vols. 8 vo.

W. S. Browning: A History of the Huguenots. 1829–1839. 3 vols. 8 vo. Reprinted at Philadelphia (Lea & Blanchard), 1845.

Edward Smedley (d. 1836): History of the Reformed Religion in France. London, 1832–1834. 3 vols. 12 mo. Reprinted New York (Harper & Bros.).

Charles Coquerel (1797–1851): Histoire des églises du Désert chez les Protestants de France depuis la fin du règne de Louis XIV. jusqu’à la revolution française. Paris, 1841. 2 vols. 8vo. New ed. 1857.

N. Peyrat: Histoire des pasteurs du Désert. Paris, 1842. 2 vols. 8vo.

Guill. de Félice (Prof. at Montauban, d. 1871): Histoire des protestants de France. Toulouse, 1851; with supplement by F. Bonifas, 1874. English translation by Lobdell, 1851. By the same: Histoire des synodes nationaux des églises reformées de France. Paris, 1864.

C. Drion: Histoire chronologique de l’église protestante de France jusqu’à la Révocation. Paris, 1855. 2 vols. 12 mo.

*W. G. Soldan: Geschichte des Protestantismus in Frankreich bis zum Tode Karl’s IX. Leipzig, 1855. 2 vols. Frankreich und die Bartholomäusnacht, 1854. The same, translated by Charles Schmidt: La France et la St. Barthélemy. Paris, 1855. 147 pp.

E. Stähelin: Der Uebertritt Heinrich’s IV. Basel, 1856. (The change of Henry IV. was dictated by political and patriotic motives to secure himself on the throne, to give peace to France, and liberty to the Huguenots.)

*G. von Polenz: Geschichte des französischen Calvinismus bis zur Nationalversammlung i. J. 1789, zum Theil aus handschriftl. Quellen. Gotha, 1857–1869. 5 vols. 8vo.

*Eugene and Émile Haag (brothers): La France protestante. Paris, 1856 sqq. 10 vols.; 2d ed. revised, published under the auspices of the "Société de l’histoire du Protestantisme français," and under the direction of Henri Bordier, Paris (Sandoz et Fischbacher), 1877 sqq. Biographies of distinguished Huguenots in alphabetical order. Very important. So far (till 1888) 6 vols. (The sixth volume ends with Gasparin.)

E. Castel: Les Huguenots et la Constitution de l’église réformée de France en 1559. Paris and Geneva, 1859. 16 mo.

J. M. Dargaud: La Liberté religieuse en France. Paris, 1859. 4 vols. 8vo.

H. de Triqueti: Les premiers jours du Protestantisme en France depuis son origine jusqu’au premier synode national de 1559. Paris, 1859. 16 mo (302 pp.). Popular.

Henri Lutteroth: La Reformation en France pendant so première période. Paris, 1859. 8vo (233 pp.).

*Merle D’Aubigné: Histoire de la Réformation en Europe au temps de Calvin. Paris, 1862–1878. English translation by William L. R. Cates. London (Longmans, Green, & Co.), 1863–1878. 8 vols. (Republished by the Carters in New York.) This great work comes down to 1542, and embraces the Reformation in French Switzerland, France, England, Scotland, and Spain. The author intended to carry it down to the death of Calvin, 1564, but died (1872) before he completed it.

H. White: Massacre of St. Bartholomew. London, 1868. 8vo. New York, 1868.

F. Puaux: Histoire de la Reformation française. Paris, 1868. 7 vols. 12 mo.

W. M. Blackburn: Admiral Coligny and the Rise of the Huguenots. Philadelphia, 1869. 2 vols. 8vo.

Adolphe Schaeffer: Les Huguenots du seizième siècle. Paris, 1870. (331 pp.).

*W. Henley Jervis: A History of the Church of France, from the Concordat of Bologna, a.d. 1516, to the Revolution. London, 1872. 2 vols. 8vo. pp. xxiv, 476, xi, 452.

Felix Bovet: Histoire du psautier des églises réformées. Neuchâtel, 1872.

*O. Douen: Clément-Marot et le Psautier Huguenot. Paris, 1878 sq. 2 vols. (à l’imprimerie nationale). Very important for the history of worship in the French Reformed Church, with a history of Marot and his relation to Calvin. The second volume contains les harmonistes du Psautier, a discussion of the influence of the Reformation on music, the Psalms of Goudimel, and the French bibliography on the Psalter.

O. Douen: Les premiers pasteurs du Désert (1685–1700) d’après des documents pour la plupart inédits. Paris (Grassart), 1879. 2 vols. 8 vo.

*Henri Bordier: La Saint-Barthélemy et la critique moderne. Genève and Paris, 1879 (116 pp., with illustrations).

Jules Delaborde: Gaspar de Coligny, Amiral de France. Paris (Fischbacher), 1879. 3 vols.

*Henry M. Baird (Professor in the University of the City of New York): History of the Rise of the Huguenots of France (1515–1574). New York, 1879. 2 vols. 8vo. The Huguenots and Henry of Navarre (1574–1610). New York, 1886. 2 vols. 8vo. The Edict of Nantes and its Recall. In the "Commemoration of the Bi-centenary of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes" (Oct. 22, 1885), by the Huguenot Society of America. New York, 1886.

E. Muhlenbeck: Claude Rouget Une église Calviniste au XVIme siècle (1551–1581). Histoire de la communauté réformée de Ste-Marie-aux-Mines (Alsace). Paris and Strasbourg, 1881 (515 pp.). 8 vo.

H. Baumgarten: Vor der Bartholomäusnacht. Strassburg, 1882 (263 pp.).

Baron Kervyn de Lettenhove: Les Huguenots et les Gueux (1560–1585). Bruges, 1883–1885. 6 vols. Includes the contemporary history of the Netherlands. A very partial book.

Eugene Bersier (Reformed pastor in Paris, d. 1889): Coligny avant les guerres de religion. Paris, 1884.

Ernest Gaullieur (archiviste de la ville de Bordeaux): Histoire de la réformation à Bordeaux et dans le ressort du parlement de Guyenne. Bordeaux and Paris, 1884 sqq. The first vol. extends from 1523–1563.

Theo. Schott: Die Aughebung des Ediktes von Nantes im Oktober, 1685. Halle, 1885. 8vo.

[Léon Pilatte]: Édits, Déclarations et Arrests concernant la religion prétendue réformée, 1662–1751, précédés de l’Édit de Nantes. Paris, 1885.

*L. Aguesse (d. 1862): Histoire de l’établissement du Protestantisme en France contenant l’histoire politique et religieuse de la nation depuis François Ier jusqu’à l’édit de Nantes. Paris, 1886. 4 vols. A posthumous work of twenty years’ labor, published by Charles Menetrier and Mme. Menetrier, née Aguesse.

*Edmond Hugues: Antoine Court. Histoire de la restauration du Protestantisme en France, Paris, 4th ed. revised, 1875, 2 vols.—Les Synodes du Désert. Actes et règlements des synodes nationaux et provinciaux tenus au désert de France de l’an 1715 à l’an 1793. Paris (Fischbacher), 1885–1886. 3 large vols. Supplément au tome premier, 1887.

N. Weiss (librarian and ed. of the Bulletin of the Soc. of the Hist. of French Prot.): La chambre ardente, étude sur la liberte de conscience en France sous Fran-çois Ier et Henri II (1540–1550) suivie d’environ 500 arrêts inédits, rendus par le parlement de Paris de Mai 1547 à Mars 1550. Paris, 1889 (432 pp.). 8 vo.

Philip Schaff: History of the Edict of Nantes. An address delivered before the Huguenot Society of America, March 21, 1889. New York, 1890.

*Charles Dardier: Paul Rabaut: Ses lettres à Antoine Court (1739–1755), Paris, 1884, 2 vols.; and Ses Lettres à Divers (1744–1794), avec préface, notes et pièces justificatives. Paris, 1892. 2 vols.

*Bulletin historique et littéraire. A monthly periodical published by the Société de l’histoire du Protantisme français. Paris (54 rue des Saints-Pères), 1853 sqq. (39e année, 1890). Contains historical studies and important documents of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries.


II. General Histories of France.


Franciscus Belcarius Peguilio (Beaucaire De Peguillon, bishop of Metz): Rerum Gallicarum Commentarii ab anno 1461 ad annum 1580. Lugd. 1625 fol. 1026 pp. Strongly anti-Calvinistic.

Choix de chroniques et mémoires sur l’histoire de France, in the Pantheon littéraire of J. A. Buchon. Paris, 1836–1838. 8 vols.

Nouvelle collection des mémoires pour servir à l’histoire de France, by Petitot, Michaud, and Poujoulat. 1er serie, tom. VI. Paris, 1839.

*Thuanus (Jacques Auguste de Thou, 1553–1617): Historiarum sui temporis libri 138, from 1546–1607 (several editions in 5, 7, and 16 vols.). The author was a moderate Catholic, witnessed the massacre of St. Bartholomew, and helped to prepare the Edict of Nantes. His history was put in the Index Expurg. 1609, but survived the papal condemnation.

Lacretelle: Histoire de France pendant les guerres de religion. Paris, 1814–1816. 4 vols.

Simonde de Sismondi: Histoire des Français. Par. 1821–1844. 31 vols. 8 vo (from vol. XVI.).

*Jules Michelet (1798–1876): Histoire de France. 1833–1862 (new ed. 1879). 14 vols. (Vols. IX. La Renaissance; X, La Réforme; XI. Les Guerres de Religion.)

Sir James Stephen: Lectures on the History of France. 1857, 3d ed. 2 vols.

* Leop. v. Ranke: Französische Geschichte namentlich im 16. und 17. Jahrh. Stuttgart and Tübingen, 1852–1868; 3d ed. 1877. 6 vols. (English translation in part, London, 1852. 2 vols.)

*Henri Martin: Histoire de France depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu’en 1789. Paris, 1837; 4th ed. 1854–1878. 17 vols. (vols. VIII.–X.)

*Bordier and Charton: Histoire de France. Paris, 1858, 1872; nouvelle éd. 1881. 2 vols. with numerous illustrations. Gives very accurate information on the Protestant Reformation.


III. History of the Huguenot Refugees.


Charles Weiss (Prof. au lycée Bonaparte, d. 1881): Histoire des réfugiés Protestants de France depuis la revocation de l’édit de Nantes jusqu’à nos jours. Paris, 1853. 2 vols. English translation by W. H. Herbert. London and] New York, 1854. 2 vols.

Samuel Smiles: The Huguenots, their Settlements, Churches, and Industries in England and Ireland. London, 1867 (Am. ed. with Appendix by G. P. Disosway, New York, 1867).

W. H. Foote (pastor of the Presbyterian Church, Romney, W. Va.): The Huguenots; or, Reformed French Church; their principles delineated; their characters illustrated; their sufferings and successes recorded. In three parts. I. The Huguenot in France, at home. II. The Huguenot dispersed in Europe. III. The Huguenot at home in America. With an Appendix. Richmond, 1870. pp. xx, 627.

David C. A. Agnew (Of the Free Church of Scotland): Protestant Exiles from France in the Reign of Louis XIV.; or, the Huguenot Refugees and their Descendants in Great Britain and Ireland. 2d ed. (corrected and enlarged), 1871–1874. 3 vols. 3d ed. (remodelled and greatly enlarged), including the French-speaking refugees in former reigns. London and Edinburgh, 1886. 2 vols. pp. 457 and 548.

R. Lane Poole: A History of the Huguenots of the Dispersion at the Recall of the Edict of Nantes. London, 1880.

Charles W. Baird (brother of Henry M. B.): History of the Huguenot Emigration to America. New York, 1885.2 vols.

Le Baron F. de Schickler (President of the Soc. of the Hist. of French Protestantism): Les églises du refuge en Angleterre. Paris, 1892. 3 vols. (pp. 431, 536, 432).

Henry Tollin (minister of the Huguenot Church in Magdeburg): Geschichte des hugenottischen Refuges in Deutschland; Geschichte der französichen Colonieen der Provinz Sachsen, Halle, 1892; Geschichte der französichen Colonie von Magdeburg. Magdeburg, 1893. 3 vols.

Geschichtsbltätter des Deutschen Hugenotten-Vereins. Magdeburg, 1892 sq. (Ten numbers till 1893.) Historical sketches of Huguenot churches in Germany.

The Proceedings of the Huguenot Society of London of which three volumes, 8vo, have appeared (1885–1892) contain many historical papers of importance. Of the Publications of the same Society, six volumes, quarto, have appeared up to 1891. Vol. VI. contains the despatches of the Venetian ambassadors from France, 1560–1563.

Bulletin de la Commission de l’Histoire des Églises Wallonnes. The Hague. Five volumes, 8 vo, have appeared (1885–1892). Contains many articles on French Protestant Church History.

The Publications of the Huguenot Society of America. New York, 1886 sqq.

Lichtenberger’s Encyclopédie des Sciences Religieuses (13 vols.) contains many good articles on French Protestantism, especially vol. V. 186–191.


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