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New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol XIII: Index
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R

Ra: 8, 76; 9, 352; 11, 140, 141

Ra'ah: 9, 274

Raamah: 11, 249

Raamses: 8, 26

Rabanus Maurus: 2, 384; 4, 407; 5, 36; 9, 162, 195, 376, 377, 381; 12, 161

Rabaut (St. Étienne), Jean P.: 9, 377

Paul: 9, 174, 378

Pierre: 9, 378

Rabaut-Pommier, Jacques A.: 9, 379

Rabbah: 1, 155

Rabbinic bibles: 2, 168

messianism: 7, 328

Rabbinism: 9, 379

Rabbula: 1, 483; 2, 128; 9, 379; 11, 239, 241

Rabe, Antonius: 3, 276

Rabel: 8, 74

Rabergh, Herman: 9, 379

Rabone, Stephen: 11, 19

Rabulas: 9, 379

Rachbi, Ezekiel: 2, 148

Rachel: 6, 74

Racovian catechism: 10, 488

Radama I., II.: 7, 121

Radbertus, Paschasius: 2, 58; 7, 34; 9, 380, 381; 11, 86, 495; 12, 51

Rade, Paul M.: 9, 381

Radegonde, saint: 9, 409

Radewyns, Florentius: 3, 172

Radulf: 2, 63; 9, 163

Radziwill, Nicholas: 2, 154; 9, 106

Raebiger, Julius F.: 9, 381

Raebl, Wilhelm: 9, 498

Raffles, Thomas: 9, 382

Ragg, Lonsdale: 9, 382

Ragged schools: 2, 422; 5, 102; 10, 473

Ragnaldsson, Nils: 11, 177

Ragoza, Michael: 10, 76

Raguel: 1, 176; 7, 366

Rahab: 9, 382

Rahlfs, Otto G. A.: 9, 382

Rahosa, Michael: 10, 76

Rahtmann, Hermann: 9, 382; 12, 423

Raikes, Robert: 9, 383; 10, 472; 11, 153-154

Railing, altar: 1, 141

Raimundus de Sabunde: 9, 383, 384

Rain in Palestine: 8, 316

Rainalducci, Pietro: 8, 163

Rainbow Bible: 2, 99

Rainerius: 8, 365

Rainolds, John: 10, 22

Rainsford, William S.: 9, 385

Rainy, Robert: 9, 385

Rakkath: 4, 421

Rakoczy, George: 6, 492, 493

Rakow, synod of: 10, 488

Raleigh, Alexander: 9, 385

Ralle, Sébastien: 9, 391

Ram Das: 10, 409

Rama Hvastra: 12, 531

Ramabai, Sarasvati: 9, 385

Ramadan: 7, 437, 440; 9, 385

Ramah: 6, 250, 252; 8, 455; 10, 192

Ramahavaly: 10, 367

Ramantha: 9, 14

Ramanuja: 5, 475

Ramath: 8, 455

Ramathaim: 6, 251

Ramathaim-Zophim: 10, 192

Ramathen: 6, 246

Ramayana: 5, 290

Rambach, August J.: 9, 386

Friedrich E.: 9, 386

Johann J.: 9, 170, 385

Johann J. II.: 9, 386

Rambam: 7, 131

Ramée, Pierre de la: 9, 388

Rameses II.: 2, 375; 4, 89; 6, 50; 9, 35; 11, 447

Rameses III.: 9, 35

Rameses, land of: 9, 412

Ramitha: 9, 14

Ramman: 1, 334, 411; 2, 346; 10, 39

Ramman-nirari I.: 1, 328

Ramman-nirari II.: 1, 329

Ramman-nirari III. (V.): 1, 330

Rammohan Roy: 2, 250; 5, 478; 9, 386, 387

Ramoth-gilead: 8, 455

Rampolla del Tindaro, Mariano: 9, 387

Ramsay, Sir William M.: 9, 388

Ramus, Petrus: 9, 388

Ranavalona I., II.: 7, 121

Rancé, A. L. la B. de: 11, 501

Rand, William W.: 9, 389

Randall, Richard W.: 9, 389

Randolph, Alfred M.: 9, 389

Berkeley W.: 9, 389

Ranjit Singh: 10, 410

Ranke, Ernst K.: 9, 389

Rankin, Thomas: 1, 309; 7, 341; 9, 390

Ranno: 10, 367

Ranters: 1, 198; 9, 390

Raphael: 1, 176, 177; 9, 390

Raphael Bible: 2, 166

Raphael Santi: 8, 304

Raphia: 9, 38

battle of: 10, 340

Rapp, Johann G.: 3, 187; 9, 390

Ras al-Abjad: 9, 14

al-Fanadik: 8, 314

al-Manarah: 8, 314

al-Nakurah: 8, 312

Harakla: 8, 314

Ibzik: 8, 311

lmnif: 8, 314

Kruman: 8, 312

al-Zafzaf: 10, 440

Rashdall, Hastings: 9, 390

Rashi: 6, 58; 9, 390, 391

Rashnu: 12, 532

Rashnu Razista: 12, 531

Raskolniks: 10, 118, 123

Rasle, Sébastien: 9, 391

Rasmussen, Christian W.: 9, 391

Rassam, Hormuzd: 1, 324, 399

Rat: 8, 33

Ratchis: 7, 19

Ratherius: 9, 391, 392

Rathramnus: 9, 402, 403

Rational: 9, 392; 12, 171

Rationalism: 1, 236; 3, 392, 470, 473; 4, 126; 5, 224, 466; 7, 86; 9, 67, 310, 393-402; 10, 427

and missions: 7, 406, 407

and Supernaturalism: 9, 393-402

in Sweden: 11, 181

Rationalistic catechisms: 2, 444

Ratisbonne, M. A.: 6, 178

Ratramnus: 2, 58; 7, 34; 9, 381, 402, 403

Ratum matrimonium: 7, 197

Ratz, Jakob: 9, 403

Ratzeberger, Matthæus: 9, 404

Ratzeburg, Bishopric of: 9, 404

Ratzenberger, Matthæus: 9, 404

Rauch, C. D.: 10, 314

Frederick A.: 7, 311; 9, 404

Rauhes Haus: 3, 372, 373; 5, 494

Rauschen, Gerhard: 9, 405

Rauschenbusch, Augustus: 9, 405

H. E.: 9, 66

Walter: 9, 405

Rautenberg, Johann W.: 9, 405

Rautenstrauch, Franz S.: 9, 405

Rauwenhoff, Lodewijk W. E.: 9, 406, 470

Raven, F. E.: 9, 97

Ravenna: 5, 55, 56, 59; 9, 406

bishops of: 1, 87

synod of: 1, 83

Ravignan, Gustave F. X. de la Croix de: 9, 406

Rawlinson, George: 9, 407

Henry: 6, 8; 7, 272

Rawnsley, Hardwicke D.: 9, 407

Raymond Novatus: 8, 188

Saint, of Pennaforte: 2, 386, 438; 3, 481; 5, 64; 9, 408

of Toulouse: 1, 117; 3, 316

Raymond, Martini: 9, 407

Miner: 9, 408

Raymundus Lullus: 7, 65-68, 443; 9, 464

Raynaldus, Odericus: 10, 41

Re Harmachis: 8, 240

Reader: 6, 437

Readings for church service: 4, 220

variant: 2, 95, 96, 97

Real presence: 1, 447; 2, 301, 323; 7, 18; 9, 402; 10, 83, 115; 11, 486, 494-500; 12, 50-54, 397-399

Realism: 10, 260, 265, 266

Reason: 10, 267, 304

and revelation: 1, 110

use of: 3, 156; 11, 438

Rebaptism: 3, 487, 488

Rebekah Bible: 2, 140

Recalde, Inigo Lopez de: 5, 447-448

Reccared: 5, 33; 6, 434; 10, 445

Rechabites: 8, 371; 9, 408

(temperance order): 11, 470

Rechiar, king: 11, 130

Rechtenbach, Leonhard: 11, 201

Reckenhofer, Martinus: 10, 334

Recluse: 9, 408-410

Recognitions of Clement: 3, 142

Recollect: 4, 360 9, 410

Reconciliation. See Atonement; and Redemption

theories of: 1, 354, 355

Reconciliation with the Church: 6, 325, 326

Records, ecclesiastical: 1, 273-275; 2, 258; 3, 101

Rector: 10, 167

Rectoral theory of atonement: 1, 354

Recusant: 9, 410

Red: 3, 164, 165

Red Cross Society: 9, 410, 411

treaty: 9, 410

Sea, the: 9, 411, 412

Redditio symboli: 2, 450

Redeemer, Order of the: 9, 412

Redemption: 1, 230; 3, 156; 4, 29, 36, 70; 8, 253; 9, 413-415, 440; 11, 9-11. See also Atonement; Satisfaction

Gnostic: 12, 132

in the New Testament: 9, 414

in the Old Testament: 9, 413

Ophitic doctrine of: 8, 244

Pelagius' doctrine of: 8, 439

by science: 10, 273

Redemptorist order: 6, 487-489; 8, 415

Redemptorists: 6, 488; 10, 19

Reden, Frederica, Countess of: 9, 415

Redenbacher, Christian W. A.: 9, 416

Redpath, Henry A.: 9, 416

Redwald: 1, 180

Reed, Andrew: 9, 416

D. A.: 9, 479

E. H.: 9, 416

Richard C.: 9, 416

Reeland, Adrian: 9, 451

Reese, Frederick F.: 9, 417

Reeve, John: 8, 50

Reform of Johannes de Vallibus: 4, 359

Reformation, The: 9, 417-424

and the Bible: 2, 82

and dogma: 3, 472

and education: 11, 334

and latreia: 10, 176

and music: 10, 155, 156-157, 158

and patronage: 8, 390

and theology: 4, 126

burial service: 2, 309

celebration of the: 4, 290

churches, baptismal service in: 1, 444

creeds of: 11, 201

doctrine of sin: 10, 436

Erasmus and the: 4, 165

in exegesis: 4, 241

Leo X. and the: 6, 454

Menno Simons on: 10, 427

in Basel: 8, 222-225; 12, 120

in Bern: 5, 126; 7, 165

in Bohemia: 9, 422

in Bremen: 9, 279; 11, 441

in Brunswick-Lueneburg: 4, 168

in Carniola: 5, 493; 12, 26, 27

in Cologne: 5, 83, 239; 6, 349

in Constance: 2, 198; 12, 537

in Denmark: 2, 296; 11, 278

in England: 3, 295; 8, 358; 9, 423; 11, 417

in Finland: 4, 314

in France: 9, 421

in Geneva: 2, 355-358; 4, 278, 401, 402, 449, 450

in Germany: 1, 54, 55; 9, 419, 420

in Hall: 2, 260-261

Reformation, in Halle: 1, 105; 6, 224

in Hesse: 6, 402; 9, 25

in Hungary: 3, 413; 9, 422

in Husum: 11, 273

in Inner Austria: 5, 493

in Italy: 6, 67; 8, 220; 9, 486; 12, 165, 166

in Königsberg: 1, 106

in Mainz: 1, 105

in Memmingen: 10, 184, 226

in Navarre: 7, 178

in the Netherlands: 2, 262; 9, 422

in Norway: 8, 195

in Nuremberg: 6, 491; 11, 41

in Oldenburg: 8, 233

in the Palatinate: 5, 204

in Pfalz-Zweibruecken: 10, 281, 282

in Poland: 9, 106

in Prussia: 1, 106-108

in Reutlingen: 1, 103, 104

in Riga: 6, 358

in Saint Gall: 6, 321; 12, 278, 279

in Scandinavia: 9, 422

in Schaffhausen: 10, 47

in Scotland: 9, 424

in Strasburg: 2, 322, 408; 11, 121; 12, 502

in Stuttgart: 10, 255-256

in Sweden: 11, 177-179

in Switzerland: 9, 420

in Transylvania: 5, 357-358

in Ulm: 10, 184-185

in Valtellina: 12, 137, 138

in Waldeck: 12, 32, 33

in Wuerttemberg: 1, 103; 2, 198; 3, 66; 5, 90; 10, 255; 12, 451

in Zurich: 2, 300; 6, 242; 12, 539-543

Reformation movements in Spain: 11, 29-31

Reformatory and Refuge Union: 10, 473

system: 9, 261

Reformed attitude towards missions: 7, 404, 405

Catholics: 9, 425

Christian Church: 9, 225

Church: 9, 297; 10, 356

in Alsace-Lorraine: 1, 138

in America: 9, 429, 432

of Brandenburg: 1, 481

Christian: 9, 425

church orders in: 1, 85

discipline: 3, 87

ecclesiastical records: 1, 275

in France: 3, 285, 286; 4, 353; 8, 81, 82; 12, 250

in Germany: 1, 138, 418; 2, 13, 259, 286; 5, 128, 254; 6, 493; 7, 58, 267; 8, 233; 9, 315; 10, 219, 228; 12, 80, 81, 240

in Holland: 5, 319-320; 9, 426-429

in Hungary: 5, 409; 7, 291

liturgy: 7, 38

on Lord's Supper: 7, 35

in the Palatinate: 2, 379

in Russia: 10, 121

on sanctification: 10, 200

in South Africa: 9, 433

of Spain: 11, 27

in Switzerland: 11, 191-195

synods of: 3, 283

churches, alliance of: 1, 132

churches, ordination in: 8, 256

government of: 3, 93

(Dutch) Church: 9, 426-435

in America: 7, 2; 9, 429-432

liturgy of: 1, 86

Cistercians: 11, 501, 502

confessions: 2, 361, 362

Covenanted Presbyterians: 9, 237

episcopacy: 4, 159

Episcopalians: 3, 26, 321; 9, 284, 434-435

ethics: 4, 189

(Dutch) Church: 9, 426-434

(German) Church in the U. S.: 9, 436, 437; 10, 240

liturgy of: 1, 86

(Hungarian) Church in America: 9, 438

Jews: 6, 63

League for Germany: 9, 438

Mennonites: 7, 308

Presbyterian Church: 9, 215

in Canada: 9, 237

(Covenanted): 9, 237

of lreland: 9, 218

in North America (General Synod): 9, 235

of North America, Synod of: 9, 232, 233

in the United States: 9, 237

Protestant Dutch Church in North America: 9, 432

Synod of the South, Associate: 9, 233

theological education: 11, 331

Reformers, on asceticism: 1, 310

on baptism: 1, 438

and Menno Simons: 10, 427

Reformierter Bund für Deutschland: 9, 438

Reforming councils: 3, 282

Refuge, churches of: 5, 398

Regale: 2, 225; 9, 151, 438, 440

Regalia: 9, 438, 439; 10, 330

Regeneration: 1, 436; 3, 156; 8, 253; 9, 440-443, 455, 487; 10, 424

baptismal: 9, 402, 440

Regensburg Bible Institute: 2, 91

Bishopric of: 9, 443

Book: 9, 444

Conference of: 8, 395, 396; 9, 444, 445; 12, 68

diet of: 3, 17; 7, 257; 8, 206

interim: 6, 21; 9, 444

league of: 3, 134

Regino: 2, 384; 9, 445

Regionarius: 9, 445

Registers, church: 3, 101-103

Regium donum: 7, 215; 9, 217, 218

exequatur: 9, 84

Regnans in excelsis: 4, 295

Regula: 4, 294

Regula Fidei: 9, 445

Regular Clerks of St. Majolus: 10, 498

of St. Mary: 7, 181

Regulars: 9, 446

Reher, Pius: 10, 171

Rehoboam: 9, 446

Rehoboth: 8, 100, 179

Reichel, Oswald J.: 9, 446

Reichenau, abbey of: 2, 68

monastery of: 1, 114

Reid, Henry M. B.: 9, 447

Reid, John M.: 9, 447

Thomas: 9, 447, 448; 11, 90

William J.: 9, 448

Reiff, Leonhard: 9, 448

Reihing, Jakob: 9, 448

Reimarus, Hermann S.: 9, 394, 465; 10, 4; 12, 31, 403

Reims New Testament: 2, 138

synod of: 9, 200

Reinbeck, J. G.: 9, 172

Reincarnation: 2, 328; 6, 401; 10, 411; 11, 408; 12, 13, 504

Reineccius, Jakob: 9, 449

Reinhard, Anna: 12, 539

Franz V.: 9, 173, 398, 449

Reinkens, Joseph H.: 8, 230; 9, 449, 450

Reischle, Max W. T.: 9, 450

Reiser, Friedrich: 12, 384

Reitz, Johann H.: 9, 450

Reland (Relant), Adrian: 9, 451

Relic: 1, 140, 141, 276; 2, 479, 482; 4, 52, 376, 461; 5, 94; 7, 218; 9, 451, 452

case: 1, 141

Relief Act: 9, 452

Church: 9, 209; 10, 299

indoor: 10, 476

outdoor: 10, 480

poor: 10, 478

Synod: 9, 206

Religieuses de la croix: 12, 412

du Verbe incarne: 12, 411

Religio: 10, 3

Religio Medici: 2, 281

Religion: 9, 453-457

African: 1, 62

analysis of: 9, 470

of Arameans: 1, 254

of Assyria: 1, 333

of Babylonia: 1, 409

in China: 3, 29-36

comparative: 3, 190-202

as a covenant: 3, 288

of Egypt: 1, 156; 4, 90-91

and ethics: 4, 185

of Fijians: 4, 311

history of: 9, 456

and history: 12, 30

in India: 2, 247-249, 250, 292-294; 5, 290-291, 473-480; 6, 86-88; 10, 408-411

and Literature: 9, 458-460

and magic: 7, 125

obedience in: 8, 212

Phenician: 9, 18

philosophy and: 1, 415

Philosophy of: 9, 457, 461-473; 11, 396

primitive: 3, 194

psychology of: 9, 456

revivals of: 10, 9-19

science of: 9, 456

Semitic: 1, 253

and the state: 3, 105-112

and theology: 10, 355; 11, 395, 396

Religions, American lectures on the history of: 1, 154

Religious bodies, miscellaneous: 7, 389

conferences at Worms: 12, 431-433

confraternities: 3, 226-228

Corporations: 4, 62; 9, 473-475

Dramas: 4, 326; 8, 213; 9, 475-478; 12, 492

education: 2, 440-451; 10, 83-85; 11, 151-164; 12, 190, 475-489

Education Association: 9, 479

history of the United States: 12, 86-91

liberty: 1, 472; 3, 107, 127, 261, 307; 4, 223; 6, 477-481; 9, 62; 12, 87, 88, 127, 128, 129, 369, 370, 402

peace of Augsburg: 1, 363; 9, 420, 492

peace of Nuremberg: 8, 206

Pedagogy, Hartford School of: 9, 479; 11, 352

persecution: 1, 162. See also Persecution; and Liberty

Tract Society: 2, 213; 11, 476

Relly, James: 8, 134; 9, 480

Re-marriage: 3, 455; 7, 204

Rembrandt Harmensz van Reijn: 8, 305

Remensnyder, Junius B.: 9, 480

Remigius of Auxerre: 9, 480

of Lyons: 9, 481

of Reims: 9, 481

Remismund: 11, 130

Remission of penance: 5, 485

Remonstrance: 9, 481

Remonstrant Reformed Brotherhood: 9, 482

Reformed Church Community: 9, 483

Synod of Ulster: 9, 218

Remonstrants: 3, 160, 494; 4, 159; 5, 321; 9, 429, 481-483; 12, 123, 220

Remphan: 9, 483

Remuneration of clergy: 2, 51

Renaissance architecture: 1, 269, 271, 306; 3, 317, 318

and education: 11, 334

in Italy: 10, 313

and morality: 7, 497, 498

Renan, Joseph E.: 9, 483-485

Renata of Ferrara: 9, 486

Renato, Camillo: 6, 69; 9, 485

Renaudot, Eusèbe: 9, 485

Rendall, Gerald H.: 9, 486

Rendtorff, Franz: 9, 486

Reneccius, Jakob: 9, 449

Renée of France: 9, 486, 487; 11, 30

Renewal: 9, 487, 488

Reni, Guido: 8, 305

Renouf, Peter le P.: 9, 488

Rentoul, John L.: 12, 574

Renunciation of the Devil in the Baptismal Rite: 9, 488, 489

Renz, Franz (S.): 7, 234, 235; 9, 489

Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints: 8, 19

Repentance: 3, 261, 262; 8, 253, 445; 9, 298, 489, 490

of God: 9, 490

Rephaim: 2, 376; 4, 482; 11, 301

Rephidim: 8, 27

Repington, Philip: 9, 490

Representative power in religion: 9, 471

Representers: 7, 206

Reprobation: 9, 192; 11, 424

Republican Methodists: 8, 230

Repyngdon, Philip: 9, 490

Requiem: 9, 490

Res religiosæ: 9, 268

sacræ: 9, 268

Resch, Alfred: 9, 491

Resen: 1, 326

Resen, H. P.: 2, 151

Reservation, Ecclesiastical: 9, 492

Mental: 6, 146; 9, 492; 11, 482

OF the Sacrament: 9, 494; 11, 498, 499

Reservations, papal: 4, 251; 6, 201; 9, 493

Reserved cases: 2, 439

Reservoirs: 12, 276

Re'shith: 4, 318

Residence: 9, 495

Respighi, Pietro: 9, 495

Responses: 1, 203

Restarick, Henry B.: 9, 495

Restitution, edict of: 12, 331

Restorationism: 1, 210-212

Restorationist controversy: 12, 96

Restrictions on Bible reading: 2, 85

Resurrection, of the body: 1, 209; 2, 481; 4, 174, 176; 5, 458, 459

OF the Dead: 9, 495-497

of Jesus: 6, 160; 9, 495, 496

N. T. doctrine of: 9, 496

Retabulum: 1, 141

Retribution: 4, 415; 5, 461

Rettberg, Friedrich W.: 9, 497

Rettig, Heinrich C. M.: 9, 497

Return, Hebrew, from exile: 4, 256; 6, 53

Reublin, Wilhelm: 8, 223; 9, 498; 12, 120

Reuchlin, Johannes: 2, 330; 4, 161; 7, 279; 8, 444; 9, 499, 500

Reuel: 8, 25

Reunion: 1, 78

Reusch, Franz H.: 10, 1

Reuss, Eduard G. E.: 10, 1

Reuss-Greiz: 11, 435-436

Reuss-Schleiz: 11, 435, 436

Reuter, Hermann F.: 10, 2

Quirinus: 10, 2

Reuterdahl, Henrik: 10, 3; 11, 182

Reutlingen, Reformation in: 1, 103, 104

Revel, Albert: 10, 3

Revelation: 1, 9, 110; 3, 156, 392, 393, 450-452; 4, 28; 9, 272-278, 382, 393, 395; 10, 3-7, 243, 264; 12, 423

and dogma: 3, 469

Ophitic doctrine of: 8, 244

Origen on: 8, 272, 273

book of: 1, 171, 228; 2, 394; 5, 459; 6, 203-204; 7, 376; 8, 55; 9, 255; 11, 437-438; 12, 181

Révész, Imre: 10, 8

Réville, Albert: 10, 8

Jean: 10, 8

Revised Version of Bible: 2, 139

Revision of calendar: 2, 344-345

Revius, Jacobus: 10, 8

Revivals, criticism of: 10, 11, 15

in Dartmouth College: 10, 13

in Kentucky: 10, 13

in Norway: 5, 170

in Princeton College: 10, 13

Protestant: 10, 10

of Religion: 2, 374; 4, 81, 316; 9, 183, 231; 10, 9-19; 12, 341

in Wales: 5, 159; 10, 17

in Yale College: 10, 13

Revolution, French: 4, 383-389; 9, 81; 10, 329

Reward: 9, 20, 21

Rey, Abbe: 6, 230

Reyna, Cassiodoro de: 11, 30, 31

Reynolds, Edward: 10, 21

Henry R.: 10, 21

John: 10, 22

Joshua: 8, 305

Rezon: 1, 97; 3, 344; 8, 436; 11, 229, 230

Rezzonico, Carlo: 3, 135

Rhabanus Maurus: 9, 376

Rhaetic confession: 6, 372; 12, 138

Rhees, Rush: 10, 22

Rhegius, Urbanus: 4, 168; 9, 166; 10, 22, 23

Rheims New Testament: 2, 138

Rhode Island: 3, 127; 12, 369, 370

Rhodes: 1, 316

knights of: 6, 216

Rhodes, Mary: 11, 336

Rhodesia: 1, 73

Rhodius, Johannes: 10, 63

Rhodon (Alexandrian scholar): 1, 125

Rhodon (Anti-Marcionite): 10, 23

Rhynsburgers: 3, 160

Rhythm: 10, 152

Rib-Addi: 1, 148

Ricci, Catherine de: 2, 454

Lorenzo: 10, 23

Matteo: 3, 32; 10, 23

Scipione de: 9, 81; 10, 24, 147

Rice, Edwin W.: 10, 24

J. H.: 11, 382

Luther: 1, 473; 10, 25

Nathan L.: 2, 371; 10, 25

Rich, C. J.: 1, 323, 398

Edmund: 4, 77

Richard I. of England: 3, 316

Richard II. of England: 9, 150

Richard of Middleton: 10, 263

of St. Victor: 1, 350; 4, 381; 8, 70; 10, 25, 26; 12, 20

Fitzralph: 10, 25

Richard, François M. B.: 10, 27

Timothy: 10, 27

William R.: 10, 27

Richardson, Ernest C.: 10, 27

Richelieu: 3, 148; 5, 397; 10, 27-31; 11, 6

Richer, Edmond: 10, 31

Richmond, Legh: 10, 31

Richter, Æmilius L.: 10, 31

Gregor: 2, 210; 10, 32

Ricimer: 4, 155

Rickard, Herbert: 10, 32

Riddagshausen Seminary: 11, 332

Riddle, Joseph E.: 10, 32

Matthew B.: 10, 32

Ridgeway, Charles J.: 10, 33

Ridley, Nicholas: 9, 182, 423; 10, 33, 34

Rieger, Georg K.: 9, 170; 10, 34

Karl H.: 9, 171; 10, 34

Urbanus: 10, 22, 23

Riehm, Edward K. A.: 10, 34

Riemenschneider, Tilmann: 10, 313

Riessler, Paul: 10, 35

Rietschel, Christian G.: 10, 35

Ernst: 10, 314

Rig-Veda: 2, 247; 5, 473

Riga: 1, 108

Reformation in: 6, 358

Rigdon, Sidney: 8, 13, 14

Rigg, James H.: 10, 35

Riggenbach, Christoph J.: 10, 35

Riggs, Alexander B.: 10, 36

Edward: 10, 36

Elias: 10, 36

James F.: 10, 36

James S.: 10, 37

Stephen R.: 10, 37

Righteousness: 5, 318, 465-467; 9, 331; 10, 37, 38, 199

Original: 10, 37, 38

Paul on: 6, 275

Rigot, Claude: 10, 372

Rim-Sin: 1, 407; 4, 102; 5, 135. See Arioch

Rimbert: 1, 32

Riming Offices: 10, 39

Rimmon: 6, 251; 10, 39, 40

Rinaldi, Odorico: 10, 41

Rinckart, Martin: 10, 41

Ring: 4, 4, 5

episcopal: 12, 171

St. Peter's: 1, 187; 2, 268

wedding: 7, 196

Rink, Melchior: 10, 42

Rinkart, Martin: 10, 41

Rio de Oro: 1, 74

Muni: 1, 74

Riphath: 11, 248

Rippon, John: 10, 42

Rish amma: 7, 149, 157

Rishell, Charles W.: 10, 42

Rist, Johann: 10, 42, 43

Rite: 10, 74

Ritschl, Albrecht B.: 3, 61-62, 474; 4, 127; 9, 300, 442, 470; 10, 43-46; 12, 22

on atonement: 1, 353

Christology of: 7, 270

on faith: 4, 269

on God: 5, 7

on justification: 6, 278

on the kingdom: 6, 339

on religion: 11, 397

on sanctification: 10, 200

on satisfaction: 10, 210

on second advent: 10, 324-325

on sin: 10, 437, 439

Georg K. B.: 10, 46

Otto K. A.: 10, 47

Ritschlian school: 10, 44

Ritschlianism: 4, 130

Ritter, Erasmus: 10, 47, 48

Karl: 10, 48

Ritual: 3, 197, 201, 202; 4, 51; 9, 491; 10, 48; 12, 433

of baptism: 1, 440-444

Brahmanic: 2, 248

of Eucharist: 4, 52, 196

Examination: 10, 48, 49

of incense: 5, 470, 471

Lutheran: 7, 80, 86

Lutheran marriage: 7, 199

Moravian: 12, 93

of sacrifice: 10, 164-166

Rituale Romanum: 10, 49

Ritualism, Anglican: 10, 49-54

Rivayats: 12, 526

River Brethren: 10, 54

Rivet, André: 2, 180, 181; 5, 467; 10, 55

Rivius, Johannes: 10, 55

Roads: 6, 231; 8, 317

of Palestine: 8, 317

in Samaria: 10, 185

Robber council: 4, 218

Synod of Ephesus: 4, 218; 12, 570

Robbins, Wilford L.: 10, 56

Robert D'Arbissel: 4, 338

of Cîteaux: 3, 119

college: 1, 295; 2, 298; 5, 134; 12, 40

Count of Geneva: 3, 133

of Normandy: 3, 316

Roberts, Mrs. M. O.: 12, 486

E. J.: 10, 17

William H.: 10, 56

Robertson, Alexander: 10, 56

Archibald: 10, 56

Archibald T.: 10, 56

Frederick W.: 9, 156, 185; 10, 57

James: 9, 207, 208; 10, 57

James C.: 10, 58

William: 9, 401; 10, 58

Robespierre: 4, 386, 387

Robins, Henry E.: 10, 58

John: 8, 50

Robinson, Charles H.: 10, 59

Charles S.: 10, 59

Edward: 8, 320; 10, 59

George L.: 10, 60

Henry D.: 10, 60

John: 3, 232; 8, 131; 9, 225, 369; 10, 60

John E.: 10, 61

Joseph A.: 10, 61

Robert: 9, 184; 10, 61

Stuart: 10, 62

Robson, George: 10, 62

Rocha, Gerhard de: 3, 311

Rochelle: 10, 28, 62, 63

Rochester Theological Seminary: 11, 340, 347

Rochet: 12, 171

Rock apostle: 3, 78. See also Peter the Apostle

Rock, Daniel: 10, 63

Johann F.: 6, 20

Rockefeller, J. D.: 11, 344

Rod, Aaron's: 1, 285

measuring: 12, 287

Rodanim: 3, 463

Rodbertus, J. K.: 10, 484

Rode, Hinne: 10, 63

Rodenburgh, Adrian: 1, 54

Rodgers, John: 10, 64

Rodin, August: 10, 314

Rodriguez d'Azendo, Simon: 6, 144

Roehm, Johann B.: 10, 64

Roehr, Johann F.: 9, 175, 397; 10, 64

Roëll, Hermann A.: 10, 65

Roerdam, Thomas S.: 9, 179; 10, 65

Roesch, Ulrich: 10, 171

Roeubli, Wilhelm: 9, 498

Rogation Days: 10, 66

Rogberg, C. G.: 9, 179

Roger of Sicily: 1, 163, 164, 263; 5, 497

Roger, Pierre: 3, 133

Rogers, Henry: 9, 401; 10, 66

John: 10, 66

Robert W.: 10, 68

Roget, J.: 9, 174

Rogge, Bernard F. W.: 10, 68

Rohan, Henri, Duc de: 10, 28, 68

Rohr, Ignatz: 10, 69

Roijaards, Herman J.: 10, 69

Rokycana, John: 1, 497; 2, 213; 10, 69

Roland, Albé: 12, 412

Roll, Heinrich: 8, 44, 45

Rolls: 2, 393

Rom, los von: 7, 42-44

Rom-Klah, Synods of: 8, 118

Romaine, William: 9, 184, 401; 10, 69

Roman bishop, supremacy of: 1, 249. See especially Papal supremacy

Roman Catholic biblical criticism: 2, 176

catechisms: 2, 448

ceremonies: 10, 71

Roman Catholic Church

on Apocrypha: 1, 215

on Bible reading: 2, 86

calendars: 2, 343-344

defections from: 7, 42-44

discipline of: 3, 86

extreme unction in: 4, 251

on ministry: 3, 144

congregations of women: 1, 152, 178; 2, 266, 353; 3, 13, 204, 379; 4, 140; 5, 376; 6, 230; 7, 181, 313; 9, 51; 10, 147; 12, 113, 216, 411-413

councils and synods: 3, 282

doctrine: 10, 70

doctrine of baptism: 1, 437-438

doctrine of good works: 5, 22

doctrine of priesthood: 9, 252

doctrine of Providence: 9, 309

episcopacy: 4, 156, 157

ethics: 4, 191

Eucharistic Congresses: 10, 83

exploration in North America: 10, 78

festivals: 10, 71

litany: 6, 495

mission: 10, 19

missions: 7, 395-403

missions in Burma: 2, 311

missions in China: 3, 32

missions to Indians: 5, 480

missions in Japan: 6, 103-106

missions to Jews: 6, 177-178

missions to Turkey: 12, 40, 41

Parochial Schools: 10, 80, 83-85

patronage: 8, 390, 391

Position on the Bible in Public Schools: 10, 85, 86

Restriction of Bible-Reading: 10, 86

sacred music: 10, 153, 155, 156

teaching orders: 11, 335

theological education: 11, 333

theory of ethics: 7, 496

view of moral theology: 11, 399-401

worship: 10, 71

Roman Catholics: 10, 70-83

in Abyssinia: 1, 20-21

in Alsace-Lorraine: 1, 138

in Anhalt: 1, 180-181

in Arabia: 1, 253

in Argentina: 1, 277

in Australia: 1, 377

in Austria: 1, 378-380; 9, 80

in Bavaria: 2, 12-13

in Belgium: 2, 33; 9, 80

on biblical canon: 2, 392

in Bolivia: 2, 218

in Bosnia: 2, 237

in Brazil: 2, 256

in Brunswick: 2, 286

in Burma: 2, 311

in Canada: 2, 377-378

in Cape Colony: 2, 402

in Chile: 3, 28

in China: 3, 32

in Colombia: 3, 163

in Denmark: 3, 405

in Ecuador: 4, 73

in Egypt: 4, 93

in England: 1, 131; 4, 140; 9, 82

in France: 4, 351-353; 9, 81, 82

in Germany: 2, 228; 4, 466-468, 471; 9, 80

in Greece: 5, 51

in Greenland: 10, 77

in Guiana: 5, 93; 10, 78

in Holland: 5, 321, 322

in Hungary: 5, 407; 9, 77

in Iceland: 10, 77

in India: 5, 480

in Ireland: 6, 27

in Italy: 6, 65; 9, 80

in Japan: 6, 103-106

in Korea: 6, 374-375

in Madagascar: 7, 122

in Maryland: 10, 78

in Mexico: 7, 359

and Nestorians: 8, 121, 122

in New Zealand: 8, 150

in Norway: 8, 195

in Paraguay: 8, 349; 10, 78

in Persia: 8, 472

in Peru: 8, 475

in the Philippine Islands: 9, 30, 31

polemics against: 1, 342; 6, 361

in Portugal: 9, 138, 139

in Prussia: 9, 315

in Russia: 10, 119

in Scotland: 10, 301

in Servia: 10, 374

in Spain: 11, 23-24

in Sweden: 11, 174-179

in Switzerland: 11, 195

in Turkey: 12, 40-41

in U. S.: 1, 431, 432; 10, 77-81; 12, 89, 90, 91

in Uruguay: 12, 113

in Venezuela: 12, 161

in Vineland: 10, 77, 78

Roman Catholics on the vow: 12, 230

in Württemberg: 12, 452

in the West Indies: 12, 315, 316

census: 2, 494; 9, 375

Empire, persecution of Christians in the: 8, 467

hymnaries: 10, 156

magic: 7, 126

marriage law: 7, 198, 199

missal: 7, 239

penology: 2, 405

slavery: 10, 450

Sunday legislation: 11, 147

supremacy. See Papal supremacy

tonsure: 11, 465

Romana, Francesca: 12, 411

Romanes, G. J.: 9, 470

Romanesque basilica: 1, 267, 270

Romanism, modern: 10, 72

Tridentine: 10, 73

Vatican: 10, 73

Romans, Epistle to the: 8, 409

Romanticism: 1, 306; 5, 440; 10, 4, 86-89, 100; 12, 426

Romanus, Pope: 10, 89

Poet: 10, 89, 90

Rome, baptismal ritual at: 1, 442

burials in: 2, 487

and Maronites: 7, 189

serpent worship in: 10, 366

Romestin, August H. E. de: 10, 90

Romuald, saint: 2, 364; 4, 324

Ronco, Giovanni di: 12, 242

Ronge, Johannes: 4, 467

Ronsdorf Sect: 10, 90, 91

Roos, Magnus F.: 10, 91

Root and branch petition: 12, 322

Roots, Logan: 10, 92

Ropes, Charles J. H.: 10, 92

James H.: 10, 92

Roques, Pierre: 9, 171

Rosary: 3, 317; 10, 92, 93

confraternity of: 3, 226

feast of the: 7, 223

Roscelinus (Roscellinus), Johannes: 10, 94, 95; 12, 25

Rose, golden: 5, 15; 10, 146

Rose, Henry J.: 9, 185; 10, 95

Hugh J.: 10, 95; 11, 481

Rosella, Isabella de: 6, 149

Rosellini: 4, 91

Rosen, Sven: 11, 180

Rosenius, K. O.: 2, 235; 9, 180

Rosenkreutz, Christianus: 10, 97

Rosenmueller, Ernst F. K.: 10, 95

Johann G.: 9, 396; 10, 96

Rosenzweig, Adolf: 10, 96

Rosetta stone: 4, 91; 6, 6; 9, 357

Rosetti, D. G.: 8, 305; 10, 51

Rosicrucians: 10, 96, 97; 12, 401

Rosin Bible: 2, 140

Roskilde, see of: 1, 18

Roskoff, Georg G.: 10, 97

Rosmini-Serbati, Antonio: 10, 98

Rosner, Ferdinand: 9, 478

Rospigliosi, Giulio: 3, 135

Ross, John: 10, 99

Rossano codex purpureus: 8, 301

Rossi, Giovanni B. de: 6, 11, 12; 10, 99

Rosweyde, Héribert: 10, 99

Roswitha: 10, 100; 12, 416

Rota Romana: 3, 324

Rotach, diet of: 11, 45

Roth, Karl J. F.: 10, 100

Rothad of Soissons: 9, 347

Rotharis: 7, 19

Rothe, Richard: 3, 59; 9, 177, 442; 10, 100-103, 437; 12, 21

Rothmann, Bernard: 8, 43, 44, 45, 46

Rothstein, Johann W.: 10, 103

Rotonda, Santa Maria della: 9, 406

Rottmann, Karl: 8, 305

Rotunda of the Resurrection: 5, 330

Röubli. See Reublin

Rough, John: 9, 182

Roughton, Mrs. Helen: 9, 139

Rous, Francis: 8, 71; 10, 103

Rousseau, Jean J.: 3, 396; 9, 396; 10, 103, 104, 452

Roussel, Gérard: 7, 178; 10, 105

Routh, Martin J.: 10, 105

Rovere, F. della: 10, 446

Giuliano: 6, 263

Row, Thomas: 10, 105

Rowe, Henry K.: 10, 105

James: 7, 339

Peter T.: 10, 106

Rowlands, Daniel: 9, 219; 10, 106

David: 10, 106

Roy, Markus: 4, 310

Royal consecration, doctrine of: 10, 145

national mission to deep sea fishermen: 10, 317

Royce, Josiah: 8, 332; 10, 106

Royston, Peter S.: 10, 106

Rozelinus, Johannes: 10, 94, 95

Ruah: 11, 12-14

Rubens, P. P.: 8, 305

Rubrics: 10, 107

Rubruquis, F. W.: 9, 244

Ruby: 9, 190

Rucelinus, Johannes: 10, 94, 95

Ruchat, Abraham: 10, 107

Ruchrath, Johann: 12, 304

Rudbeckius, J.: 11, 179

Rude, François: 10, 314

Rudelbach, Andreas G.: 10, 107

Rudin, Eric G. V. N.: 10, 108

Rudolf of Ems: 1, 485; 10, 108

Rudolf, E. de M.: 10, 473

Rudolph I. of Hapsburg: 5, 65, 355, 356, 504; 8, 163

Rudolph II. of Hapsburg: 3, 352; 4, 299, 300; 9, 422; 12, 182

Rudolph, Robert L.: 10, 108

Rueckert, Karl T.: 10, 108

Leopold I.: 10, 108

Ruedinger (Ruediger), Esrom: 10, 109

Rueetschi, Rudolf: 10, 109

Ruegen: 1, 18

Ruet, Francisco de P.: 10, 110; 11, 24

Rufaiyah: 3, 408

Rufinus, Tyrannius: 1, 241; 8, 274; 10, 110, 111

Rufus, Gerardus: 10, 105

Ruggandus: 3, 67

Ruggieri, Michele: 3, 32

Ruha: 7, 147, 148

Ruinart, Thierri: 10, 111

Rule, Augustinian: 7, 466

Benedictine: 1, 373; 2, 46, 47; 3, 120; 7, 466

of Cassian: 7, 466

of Chrodegang: 9, 161

of Columban: 7, 466

of Dominic: 3, 480-481

of faith: 9, 445; 11, 199, 200

of Francis: 4, 357

of Pachomius: 8, 297

Ruler of synagogue: 11, 214

Rules, monastic: 2, 46, 47; 3, 480-481; 4, 357; 7, 466; 8, 297

Rulman Merswin: 4, 392

Rumania: 10, 111, 112

Rumanian Orthodox Church in the U. S.: 10, 112

in Canada: 10, 112

Roman Catholics: 10, 76

Runze, Georg A. W.: 9, 470; 10, 112

Ruotgang: 3, 67

Ruotsalainen, Paavo: 4, 315

Rupert of Deutz: 10, 113, 115, 260

Saint: 10, 115, 182

of Worms: 2, 14

Rupp, William: 9, 437

Rupprecht, Gottlieb F. E.: 10, 116

Ruprecht, Palsgrave: 10, 282

Rurer, Johann: 10, 116

Rushbrooke, William G.: 5, 155; 10, 116

Russel, Charles T.: 7, 374

Charles W.: 10, 117

Ella: 12, 478

Russia: 10, 117-124

evangelical Church in: 10, 119

Lutherans in: 10, 120

Mennonites in: 7, 305

Orthodox Greek Church in: 10, 117-119

Protestantism in: 10, 119-122

Reformed Church in: 10, 121

sectarianism in: 10, 122

socialism in: 10, 484

Sunday-schools in: 11, 156

Russian Bible Society with imperial sanction: 2, 91

Bibles: 2, 152-155

Evangelical Bible Society: 2, 91

liturgy: 8, 174

sects: 4, 20

Rust, George: 10, 124

Isaak: 10, 125

Ruston, William O.: 10, 125

Rutgers College: 9, 431, 432

Ruth: 3, 361; 10, 125

Book of: 10, 125

Ruthenians: 10, 75

Rutherford, Samuel: 9, 183; 10, 126

Ruysbroeck (Ruusbroec), Jan van: 2, 205; 3, 172; 8, 70; 10, 126-128

Ryan, Patrick J.: 10, 128

Rycken, T. J.: 12, 467

Rydberg, Abraham V.: 10, 128

Rydelius, Andreas: 11, 180

Ryder, William H.: 10, 129

Ryder Divinity School: 11, 393

Ryerson, Adolphus E.: 10, 129

Ryland, John: 1, 465; 10, 129

Ryle, Herbert E.: 10, 129

John C.: 9, 186; 10, 129

Ryswick Clause: 10, 130

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