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New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol XIII: Index
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S

Saadia ben Joseph: 2, 134; 6, 297; 10, 130

Saadia Gaon. See Saadia ben Joseph

Saalschuetz, Joseph L.: 10, 130

Sabaean kingdom: 1, 253

Sabaism: 9, 122

Sabaites: 10, 132

Sabaoth: 10, 130-132

Sabas: 7, 464; 10, 132

Sabatier, Charles P. M.: 10, 133

Louis A.: 9, 470; 10, 133

Sabbatati: 12, 241

Sabbath: 3, 444; 4, 287; 10, 134-136, 378; 11, 215

Babylonian: 10, 135

committee: 10, 224

origin of the: 10, 135

day's journey: 12, 289

laws: 11, 146-150

Sabbatharians: 3, 365. See Adventists; Baptists; Communism

Sabbatical Year: 4, 288; 10, 136, 137

Sabellianism, Sabellians: 3, 50, 437; 7, 460

Sabellius: 7, 458, 460; 12, 19

Sabians: 7, 146

Sabieude, Raymund: 9, 383

Sabine, William T.: 10, 137

Sabinian: 10, 137

Sabotiers: 6, 4

Sabtah: 11, 249

Sacchi, Bartolomeo: 9, 87

Sacchoni, Rainerio: 10, 137

Sachau, Eduard: 10, 138

Sacheverell, Henry: 10, 138

Sachs, Hans: 10, 138, 139

Sachsse, Eugen: 10, 139

Sack, August F. W.: 9, 172; 10, 140

Friedrich S. G.: 10, 140, 241

Karl H.: 10, 141

Sack Brethren: 10, 140

Sackbut: 10, 150

Sackcloth: 8, 31

Sackmann, Jobst: 9, 168

Sacrament: 10, 141-144, 286

adoration of the: 1, 50; 8, 466; 9, 51

baptism as a: 1, 436-440

Lord's Supper as a: 2, 26-36

marriage as a: 7, 194

ordination as a: 8, 255; 9, 253

penance as a: 5, 486; 8, 446, 447

perpetual adoration of the blessed: 8, 466; 9, 51

reservation of the: 9, 494

Sacramental body of Christ: 11, 497

wafers: 5, 377

Sacramentalism: 10, 51

Sacramentals: 10, 142, 144-146

Sacramentarium Gallicanum: 7, 237

Gelasianum: 7, 237

Gregorianum: 7, 237

Leonianum: 7, 236

Sacraments: 4, 29, 36, 251; 5, 42, 43, 486; 8, 494, 495; 9, 294, 362; 10, 265; 11, 426, 485; 12, 2, 465

minor: 4, 251

Mithraic: 7, 419, 422

necessity of the: 10, 143

Occam on: 8, 219

pastor and the: 8, 379

the seven: 10, 142; 12, 2

Sacramentum: 10, 141

Sacred to Christ: 3, 48

groves and trees: 5, 87

Heart of Jesus, Devotion to: 10, 146, 147

of Jesus and Mary, congregation of the: 9, 51

of Jesus and Mary, sisters of the: 9, 51

league of the: 10, 147

history: 3, 97

mountains: 5, 276

Music: 1, 151, 152, 203; 5, 37, 57, 95, 140, 167, 240, 426; 7, 226; 8, 257-259, 320; 9, 364, 491; 10, 148-162, 359-360; 11, 254

numbers: 8, 203-205

parallels: 6, 210

pillars: 1, 139; 4, 481; 7, 293-295

stones: 7, 293-296; 9, 18

Sacrificati: 8, 200

Sacrifice: 1, 139; 2, 202; 3, 199-200; 4, 481; 9, 250; 10, 163-166, 464

animals for: 1, 181; 10, 164

atonement as: 1, 350

in eucharist: 11, 498

human: 1, 391; 3, 200; 4, 481; 6, 118; 7, 448, 449, 450; 8, 18; 10, 164

mass as: 9, 252

Sacrifices, bloodless: 10, 164

bloody: 10, 164

of children: 9, 18

sabbath: 10, 134

Sacrificial idea of Lord's Supper: 7, 25, 28, 29

theories of atonement: 1, 355

Sacrilege: 10, 144, 167

Sacrista: 3, 9

Sacristan: 8, 283; 10, 167

Sacy, Louis I. L. de: 6, 446

Sad Dar: 12, 526

Saddle: 12, 428

animals, Hebrew: 12, 427, 428

Sadduc the Pharisee: 12, 498

Sadducees: 1, 164; 5, 459; 9, 8-13, 307, 331

Sadharan Brahmo Somaj: 2, 250; 10, 356

Sadoleto, Jacopo: 10, 168

Saegmueller, Johannes B.: 10, 168

Saerkilahti, Peter: 4, 314

Saganus, Georgius: 10, 63

Sages, Hebrew: 12, 385-386

Sagittarius, Kaspar: 10, 168

Sagredo, Gerard: 4, 461

Sahaduna: 8, 121

Sahag: 1, 290

Sahag the Great: 1, 292

Sahal Battof: 8, 311

Sahar: 7, 493

Sahidic (Saidic) version: 2, 132

Sahijdharis: 10, 410

Sahil 'Arrabah: 8, 311

Sa'id al Fayyumi: 10, 130

Saidic version: 2, 132

Sailer, Johann M. von: 8, 71; 9, 180, 181; 10, 169, 170

Saint Abraham, Michael: 10, 490

Albans: 10, 170

Aldegonde, Marnix van: 9, 427

Anthony Park Theological Seminary: 11, 363

Bartholomew's hospital: 10, 470

Catharine, monastery of: 10, 440

Cyran: 9, 135

Étienne, J. P. Rabaut: 9, 377

Gall, abbey of: 12, 278, 279

Monastery of: 1, 114; 10, 170-172

Reformation in: 6, 321; 12, 278, 279

Gallus: 10, 170

John, knights of: 7, 373

John's fire: 6, 216

Mary Magdalen, order of: 10, 469

Maur, Congregation of: 2, 49; 10, 173, 174

Michael's Christian Association: 3, 123

Norbert: 9, 199

Patrick's Training-school: 11, 390

Peter Fourier: 11, 335

Peter's at Rome: 12, 145

Simon, Claude H., Count de: 3, 184, 203; 10, 174, 175

Simonists: 10, 174

Sophia, church of: 1, 250, 266; 8, 302

Sulpice, congregation of: 8, 236

Thomas: 1, 78

Thomas of Villanova, Hermits of: 11, 391

sisters of: 12, 412

Vincent: 7, 411

William of Maleval, followers of: 12, 365

Saint-Martin, Louis C. de: 7, 217; 10, 172

Saints: 1, 26-29; 2, 342; 3, 182; 4, 52; 6, 441

histories of: 1, 27

perseverance of the: 8, 469

Veneration of: 10, 175, 176

Sa'ir: 3, 400

Sakkos: 12, 172

Sakkun: 10, 198

Sakti: 5, 290

Saladin: 3, 316

Salcah: 1, 498

Salem (Jerusalem): 7, 286

(in Samaria): 10, 187

witchcraft: 12, 393-395

Sales, Francis de: 4, 363

Salig, Christian A.: 10, 177

Salisbury: 10, 177

Salle, J. B. de la: 3, 39

Salmanticenses: 10, 177

Salmasius, Claudius: 10, 177

Salmeron, Alphonso: 10, 178

Salmon, George: 10, 178

Salmond, Stewart D. F.: 10, 178

Salmurianism: 2, 362

Salome: 5, 247, 248, 249

mother of James: 6, 202

wife of James: 6, 89

Salt: 10, 164, 178, 179

covenant of: 10, 179

sea: 8, 313

Salutations, Hebrew: 10, 179

Salvador: 2, 496

Salvation: 1, 230; 3, 150, 156; 4, 29, 36, 70; 8, 253; 9, 413-415; 10, 179, 265, 491; 11, 9-11; 12, 356, 544

Army: 2, 232, 233; 4, 139; 10, 180, 181, 473; 12, 558

certainty of: 12, 543

in Jainism: 6, 87

Occam on: 8, 218

Salvianus: 9, 258; 10, 181

Salvius of Alby: 10, 182

of Martigny: 10, 182

of Membresa: 10, 181

Salzburg, Archdiocese of: 1, 300; 5, 493; 10, 182; 12, 512

Evangelicals of: 10, 182-184; 12, 110

Sam, Konrad: 10, 184

Sam'al: 11, 229

Sama-Veda: 2, 248

Samael: 2, 327

Samaria: 10, 185-191

and baal worship: 1, 96

city of: 10, 186

idolatry in: 1, 164

Samaritan Pentateuch: 2, 95, 130; 10, 189

targum: 10, 189, 190

Samaritans: 6, 53, 286; 9, 249; 10, 185-191

Samerina: 10, 185

Samkhya: 2, 249

Samoan Islands, missions in the: 7, 402; 11, 18

Samos, sibyl of: 10, 397

Samsara: 12, 13

Samson: 6, 254, 255; 10, 191, 192

Samson, Bernhardin: 10, 205; 12, 540

Hermann: 9, 168

George W.: 10, 192

Samuel: 3, 361; 6, 254, 255; 9, 272, 273; 10, 192-194, 212

books of: 10, 193-194

San Francisco Theological Seminary: 11, 375

San Giovanni in Ravenna: 9, 406

San Juan del Pereiro, order of: 1, 111

Sanaballetes: 10, 186

Sanballat: 8, 109; 10, 195

Sanbenetillo: 10, 195

Sanbenito: 1, 384; 10, 195

Sanchuniathon: 9, 42; 10, 196-199

Sancroft, William: 10, 199

Sancta Clara, Abraham a: 9, 169

Sanctification: 5, 332; 7, 1; 9, 488; 10, 199, 200; 12, 309

Sanction, pragmatic: 1, 497; 3, 212; 4, 425; 6, 419; 7, 47; 9, 151, 152

Sanctis, Luigi de: 10, 200, 201

Sanctuaria: 1, 28

Sanctuary: 10, 464

right of: 1, 337; 10, 219

violation of: 1, 337

Sanctus: 6, 502; 7, 241

Sand, Christoph, the Younger: 10, 490

Sandaliati: 12, 241

Sandals: 4, 4

Sanday, William: 10, 201, 202

Sandeman, Robert: 10, 202

Sandemanians: 10, 202

Sander, Immanuel F. E.: 10, 202

J. E. F.: 9, 175

Sanders, Frank K.: 10, 202

Sanderson, Joseph: 10, 202

Sandhagen, C. H.: 8, 500

Sandracotta: 10, 339

Sandys, Edwin: 9, 182; 10, 203

George: 10, 203

Sanford, Elias B.: 10, 203

F. W.: 5, 327

Sangara: 2, 412

Sangha: 2, 292

Sanhedrin: 5, 39, 280, 281; 10, 203, 204

Sankaracharya: 5, 474

Sankey, Ira D.: 7, 491; 10, 204

Sanminiatelli, Zabarella A.: 10, 205

Sanson, Bernhardino: 10, 205

Santa Cruz, Protestant mission in: 7, 414; 11, 18

Maria della Rotonda: 9, 406

Maria Maggiore: 1, 266; 6, 476

Santi, Raphael: 8, 304

Santo Domingo: 12, 315

Santo Stefano Rotundo: 1, 266

Sanussites: 3, 408

Saoshyant: 12, 530, 531, 532

Saphir, Adolph: 10, 205

Sapor I.: 11, 231

Sapphire: 9, 190

Sarabaites (Sarabites): 10, 205

Saracens: 3, 315; 6, 198

Saraswati, Dayanand; 3, 369; 5, 479

Saravia, Adrian: 7, 404; 10, 206

Sarcerius, Erasmus: 9, 166; 10, 206

Sarcophagi: 2, 489, 490; 10, 311

Sardanapalus: 1, 332

Sardica, Synod of: 3, 37; 9, 126; 10, 207

Sardis: 1, 315

Sardonyx: 9, 191

Sarepta: 9, 15

Sargon I.: 1, 328, 405; 9, 18; 11, 229

Sargon of Assyria: 1, 331

Sariel: 1, 176

Saronas: 4, 421

Sarpi, Paolo: 2, 35; 8, 397; 10, 208

Sarto, G. M.: 9, 83, 84

Sartorius, C. F.: 9, 396

Ernst W. C.: 10, 208; 12, 21

Johannes: 10, 63

Sarum, breviary of: 10, 209

manual: 10, 209

missal: 10, 209

Use: 10, 209; 12, 217

Sarx (flesh): 4, 329, 330, 331; 5, 178; 10, 435

Sarzec, Ernest de: 1, 398

Sassanians: 8, 121, 471

Sata: 10, 367

Satan: 1, 351; 3, 401, 402, 414-417; 6, 190; 7, 155; 8, 144; 10, 306, 363; 12, 522

in witchcraft: 12, 390-395

Satanael: 8, 144

Satisfaction: 1, 349-356; 10, 209, 210

Satolli, F. di Paolo: 10, 210

Satornilos: 10, 211

Satterlee, Henry Y.: 10, 211

Sattler, Michael: 7, 300, 301; 9, 498; 10, 211

Saturday, holy: 5, 336

Saturn: 8, 115; 11, 67, 68

Saturnalia: 3, 48; 4, 338; 12, 491

Saturninus: 10, 211

Saint: 10, 212

Sauer, Joseph: 10, 212

Saul: 1, 146; 3, 447; 6, 342; 9, 36; 10, 193, 212, 213; 12, 266

Saum, Konrad: 10, 184

Saumaise, Claude de: 10, 177

Saumur: 1, 160; 2, 409; 4, 34; 10, 213

Saumurism: 9, 86

Saur, Christoph: 11, 21

Sauriel: 7, 493

Saurin, Jacques: 9, 169; 10, 213

Sauru: 12, 531

Saussaye, P. D. C. de la: 3, 4

Savage, Minot J.: 10, 213

Savage Island: 12, 574

Savelli, Cencio: 5, 354

Giacomo: 5, 355

Savitar: 2, 247

Savonarola, Girolamo: 1, 118; 9, 164; 10, 214-217

Savoy Conference: 10, 218

declaration: 3, 234, 236; 8, 293

Saxon Bible Society: 2, 91

Confederation, Lower: 7, 50

confession: 10, 207

Saxons, Conversion of the: 10, 218

Saxony: 7, 50, 51; 10, 218, 219, 220

Lutherans in: 7, 83; 10, 219, 220

Saybrook platform: 3, 234

synod at: 3, 234

Sayce, Archibald H.: 10, 220, 411

Sbinko of Hasenburg: 5, 415, 416

Scadding, Charles: 10, 220

Scala, Joseph J. de la: 10, 221

Scaliger, Joseph J.: 10, 221

Scalzetti: 8, 449

Scandinavia, Baptists in: 1, 479

catechisms in: 2, 446

Reformation in: 9, 422

Scandinavian Baptists: 1, 476

Bible versions: 2, 151

Lutherans: 7, 91

Sunday laws: 11, 149

Scannell, Thomas B.: 10, 221

Scapegoat: 1, 356, 389

Scapular: 10, 221

Scarborough, John: 10, 221

Scarlet: 3, 164, 165

Scaurus: 8, 74

Scefi, Clara: 3, 125

Scetic monasticism: 7, 103, 463; 10, 348; 11, 405

Schaal, Adam: 3, 32

Schade, Kaspar: 9, 61

Schaeder, Erich: 10, 222

Schaefer, Philipp A.: 10, 222

Philipp H. W. T.: 10, 222

Schaeffer, Charles F.: 7, 87; 10, 222

Charles W.: 10, 222

Schaff, David S.: 10, 223

Philip: 2, 110; 7, 311, 312; 8, 150; 9, 436; 10, 223-225

Schaffhausen, Reformation in: 10, 47

Schaitberger, Joseph: 10, 183, 225

Schall, Johann A.: 10, 225

Schanz, Paul von: 10, 225

Schappeler, Christoph: 10, 226

Scharling, Carl H.: 10, 226

Schartau, Henrik: 9, 180; 10, 227; 11, 181, 182

Schauffler, Adolf F.: 10, 227

Albert H.: 10, 227, 454

William G.: 10, 228

Schauffler Missionary Training School: 10, 455

Schaumburg-Lippe: 10, 228

Schechter, Solomon: 10, 228; 11, 357

Scheel, Juergen O. E. I.: 10, 228

Schéele, Knut H. G. von: 10, 228

Scheffer, Jacob G. de Hoop: 10, 229

Scheffler, Johann: 10, 229, 230

Scheibel, Johann G.: 7, 81; 10, 230

Scheidemann, Heinrich: 8, 258

Scheidt, Samuel: 8, 258

Schelhorn, Johann G., the Elder: 10, 231

Johann G., the Younger: 10, 231

Schell, Hermann: 7, 429; 10, 231

Schelling, Friedrich W. J. von: 4, 190, 231; 5, 437, 439, 440; 8, 330; 9, 467; 10, 87, 231, 232; 12, 21, 357

Schelwig, Samuel: 10, 233

Schenck, Ferdinand S.: 10, 233

Jakob: 1, 200

Schenkel, Daniel: 9, 289; 10, 233, 234

Schenz, Wilhelm: 10, 234

Scherer, Edmond H. A.: 3, 153; 10, 234, 235

James A. B.: 10, 235

Schereschewsky, Samuel I. J.: 10, 236

Schermann, Theodor F. J.: 10, 236

Scheurl, Christoph G. A., Freiherr von: 10, 236

Schian, Martin: 10, 237

Schick: 10, 411

Schickler, Fernand de, Baron: 10, 237

Schiele, Friedrich M.: 10, 237

Schijn, Hermannus: 10, 237

Schiller, J. C. F. von: 5, 439; 9, 152

Schinner, Matthias: 10, 237

Schism: 9, 128; 10, 123, 238-239

and church property: 9, 271

Greco-Roman: 4, 49, 50; 6, 453; 7, 476; 12, 74

the great: 10, 239

Meletian: 7, 288, 289

Novation: 8, 199

papal: 1, 100, 118, 203; 2, 226; 10, 239

Schlatter, Adolf: 9, 178; 10, 239

Michael: 9, 431, 436; 10, 239, 240

Schlecht, Josef: 10, 240

Schlegel, Friedrich: 10, 241

Theodor: 6, 372

Schleiermacher, Friedrich D. E.: 2, 184; 6, 379; 10, 90, 91, 240-247

on baptism: 1, 440

F. C. Baur and: 2, 8

on biblical introduction: 2, 181

christology of: 3, 58, 59

and dogmatics: 3, 473

on ethics: 4, 190; 8, 2

on evolution: 4, 231

on faith: 4, 269

on God: 5, 6; 9, 467; 11, 317

Schleiermacher, Hegel and: 8, 331

on "highest good": 5, 18

on homiletics: 5, 347

idealism of: 5, 441

on inspiration: 6, 15

on the keys: 6, 329

on the kingdom: 6, 338

on marriage: 7, 195

Nitzsch on: 8, 182

on order of salvation: 8, 253

on original righteousness: 10, 38

on practical theology: 9, 147

on prayer: 9, 156

as preacher: 9, 174

on prophecy: 9, 276

on providence: 9, 310

on regeneration: 9, 442

on religion: 9, 300, 467

on restorationism: 1, 211

on sanctification: 10, 200

on satisfaction: 10, 210

on sin: 10, 437

on the supernatural: 9, 398

and theology: 4, 127; 11, 395

on threefold office: 6, 174

on the Trinity: 12, 21

Schleswick-Holstein: 7, 58

Schleupner, Dominicus: 6, 491

Schleusner, Johann F.: 10, 247

Schlichting, Jonas: 10, 489

Schloegl, Nivard J. B.: 10, 247

Schlottmann, Constantin: 10, 247

Schlüter, Andreas: 10, 314

Schlumbach, Fritz: 12, 480

Schmalkald Articles: 3, 16; 9, 26; 10, 247-249

convention: 10, 328

league: 3, 17; 8, 206; 9, 26, 420; 10, 184, 249

war: 6, 212

Schmalz, M. F.: 9, 175

Valentin: 10, 489

Schmid, Aloys von: 10, 249

Andreas: 10, 249

Christian F.: 10, 249

Christoph von: 9, 181

Heinrich F. F.: 10, 249

Konrad: 4, 325; 10, 250

Schmidt, Carl: 10, 250

Charles G. A.: 10, 250, 251

Frederick A.: 10, 251

George: 1, 66

H.: 3, 473

Hermann C.: 10, 251

J. E. C.: 2, 181; 9, 147

J. L.: 2, 157

Nathaniel: 10, 252

Paul W.: 10, 252

Sebastian: 9, 168

Wilhelm: 10, 252

Woldemar G.: 10, 252

Schmiedel, Paul W.: 10, 253

Schmolck, Benjamin: 10, 253

Schmucker, Beal M.: 10, 253

Samuel S.: 7, 87; 10, 254; 11, 361

Schneckenburger, Matthias: 10, 254

Schnedermann, Georg H.: 10, 255

Schneider, Benjamin: 9, 437

Schnepff, Erhard: 9, 166; 10, 255

Schnitzer, Josef: 10, 256

Schnorr von Carolsfeld, J.: 8, 305

Schnuetgen, Alex.: 10, 256

Schodde, Georg H.: 10, 256

Schoeberlein, Ludwig F.: 10, 256

Schoell, Carl W.: 10, 257

Schoener, J. G.: 9, 173

Schoenfelder, Josef M.: 10, 257

Schoenherr, Johann H.: 10, 257, 258

Schoenhof, Gregor: 11, 432, 433

Schoettgen, Johann C.: 10, 258

Scholarios, Georgios: 4, 452

Scholarship, Lutheranism and: 9, 296

Scholastic ethics: 4, 188

Lutheran christology: 3, 56

mysticism: 8, 70

pantheism: 8, 331

Scholasticism: 1, 237, 451; 3, 415; 4, 68; 5, 5; 10, 259-268

Scholasticus, Johannes III.: 6, 195

Johannes Climacus: 6, 196

Scholasticus (official): 3, 9; 9, 257

Scholia: 4, 243; 10, 269-271; 12, 238

Scholten, Jan H.: 10, 271

Scholz, Anton: 10, 272

J. M. A.: 2, 108, 109

Schongauer, Martin: 8, 304

School of Alexandria: 1, 124, 125

church and: 3, 103-105

Sisters of Notre Dame: 11, 335

Schoolmen: 3, 415

exegesis of: 4, 241

on infant baptism; 1, 451

Schools, Christian: 11, 151-164

early Christian: 11, 152

Schopenhauer, Arthur: 5, 441; 8, 475; 10, 272; 12, 357

Schortinghuis, Willem: 10, 273

Schott, Heinrich A.: 10, 274

Theodor F.: 10, 274

Schrader, Eberhard: 10, 274

Schrenk, Elias: 9, 179

Schroeckh, Johann M.: 10, 274

Schroeder, Joachim: 9, 168

Schroers, Johann H.: 10, 275

Schryver, Cornelius de: 5, 45

Schubert, Gotthilf H. von: 10, 275

Hans G. W. von: 10, 275

Schuerer, Emil: 9, 276

Schuermann (Schurman), Anna M. von: 6, 391; 10, 276; 12, 417

Schuetze, Constantine: 10, 233

Kaspar: 10, 168

Schulte, J. F. von: 8, 230

Schultens, Albert: 10, 276

Schultetus, Abraham: 10, 315

Schulthess, Johannes: 10, 277

Schultz, Friedrich W.: 10, 277

Hermann: 3, 475; 10, 277; 12, 22

Maximilian V.: 10, 278

N. S.: 9, 173

Schultze, Augustus: 10, 277

Benjamin: 5, 477

Schulz, Alphons: 10, 278

David: 10, 278

Schulz, J. H.: 11, 290

Schulze, Gottschalk: 9, 150

Ludwig T.: 10, 278

Martin: 10, 279

Schupp (Schuppius), Johann B.: 10, 279

Schurman, A. M. van. See Schuermann

Schuyler, John: 9, 431

Schwabach Articles: 4, 458; 10, 279

Schwally, Friedrich: 10, 280

Schwane, Joseph: 10, 280

Schwartz, C. F.: 7, 406; 10, 280

Schwarz, Carl: 9, 177

Friedrich H. C.: 10, 280

Johann K. E.: 10, 280

Karl H. W.: 10, 281

Schwarzburg, Countess of: 4, 120

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt: 12, 435, 436

Schwarzburg-Sondershausen: 12, 435, 436

Schwarzwald preacher: 9, 163

Schwebel, Johann: 10, 281, 282

Schwegler, Friedrich C. A.: 10, 283

Schweinfurth, G. J.: 3, 112

Schweinitz, Edmund A. de: 10, 283

Schweitzer, Albert: 10, 283

H. K.: 11, 131

Schweizer, Alexander: 10, 283

Schwenckfeld von Ossig, Kaspar: 1, 107; 4, 322; 10, 284-287

creed of: 10, 286

Schwenckfeldians: 10, 284-287; 11, 42

Science, Christian: 4, 73; 8, 148; 10, 288-297

experimental: 10, 264

redemption by: 10, 273

of religion: 9, 456

vs. religion: 1, 109

and theology: 4, 143

Scilli, Martyrs of: 10, 297

Scolari, Paola: 3, 132

Scolopians: 9, 50

Scopas: 9, 357; 10, 340

Scot, Michael: 10, 298

Scotch catechism: 12, 327

Confession of Faith: 9, 206; 10, 298

Episcopal Church: 10, 301

Paraphrases: 10, 299

Scotland: 2, 477; 3, 289; 10, 299-302

Baptists in: 1, 467

Church of: 9, 205-209; 10, 10, 386

Congregationalists in: 10, 301

episcopacy in: 5, 221; 7, 292, 293; 10, 301

Free Church of: 9, 206, 210

Free Presbyterian Church of: 9, 214; 10, 300

Methodists in: 10, 301

National Bible Society of: 2, 90

philanthropy in: 10, 474

presbyterianism in: 9, 206-216; 12, 142

Primitive Methodists in: 10, 301

proto-martyr of: 5, 131-132

Reformation in: 9, 424

Reformed Presbyterian Church in: 9, 211

Roman Catholics in: 10, 310

United Original Secession Church of: 9, 215

United Presbyterian Church of: 9, 210

Wesleyan Methodists in: 10, 301

Scott, Charles A.: 10, 302

Ernest F.: 12, 574

Hugh McD.: 10, 302

Isaiah B.: 10, 303

Robert: 10, 303

Thomas: 2, 160; 10, 303

Scotus, Johannes Duns: 4, 27-30; 5, 456; 9, 195; 10, 209, 263, 264; 11, 496-499; 12, 356

Scotus Erigena, Johannes: 3, 438; 4, 118, 230; 5, 4; 8, 114, 331; 9, 195, 463; 10, 303-307; 12, 96

Scouller, James B.: 10, 307

Scovel, Sylvester F.: 10, 307

Screven, William: 1, 469

Scribes: 9, 9, 10; 10, 307-309

Scribonius: 5, 45

Script, Egyptian: 4, 85

North Semitic: 12, 447

Scriptoris, Paul: 10, 309

Scripture: 10, 490. See also Bible

Abelard on authority of: 1, 9

canon of: 2, 388-399

doctrine of: 2, 82

and dogma: 3, 471, 472

internal sense of: 11, 186

reading in Church: 8, 458-464

Simons on: 10, 425

Wyclif on: 12, 463

Scriptures in Christian Science: 10, 297

Scrivener, Frederick H. A.: 2, 111; 10, 309

Scriver, Christian: 9, 168; 10, 310

Scrooby church: 3, 232

Scudamore, William E.: 10, 310

Scudder, Henry M.: 10, 310

John: 10, 311

Scullard, Herbert H.: 10, 311

Sculpture, Christian Use of: 10, 311-314

Scultetus, Abraham: 9, 169; 10, 315, 407

Scythians: 1, 332; 5, 14; 11, 248; 12, 508

Scythianus: 7, 154

Scythopolis: 10, 186

Sdralek, Maximilian L.: 10, 315

S'Dum: 7, 148

Sea of Chinneroth: 8, 312

of Galilee: 8, 312

of Reeds: 9, 411, 412

of Sodom: 8, 313

of Tiberias: 8, 313

Seabury, Samuel: 9, 283; 10, 315

William J.: 10, 316

Seabury Divinity School: 11, 386

Seah: 12, 290

Seals: 4, 5; 9, 189

Seamen, Missions to: 10, 316-319

society for missions among: 3, 406; 10, 316

Seamen's Christian Brotherhood: 10, 319

Searle, John P.: 10, 319

Sears, Barnas: 10, 319

Edmund H.: 10, 319

Seba: 11, 249

Sebaste: 10, 185, 186

Sebastian: 10, 320

Sebastos Cyminetes: 10, 320

Sebituane: 7, 2

Secession Church: 7, 206

in Ireland: 9, 219

Scotch: 4, 171; 10, 299

of Scotland, United Original: 9, 215

Secession and church property: 9, 270

Synod: 9, 218

Seckendorf, Veit L. von: 10, 320, 321

Secker, Thomas: 10, 321

Second Advent: 3, 368; 4, 174, 175; 6, 93; 7, 374-378; 10, 321-325

canon of Old Testament: 2, 390

coming of Christ: 10, 321

passover: 11, 216

Scotch confession: 10, 298

Secrecy of the Confessional: 10, 325

Secret, instruction in the: 1, 257

Secrétan, Charles: 10, 326

Sect of Hall: 5, 125

Sectarianism: 3, 202

in Germany: 4, 471-473

Mohammedan: 3, 407-408; 7, 441, 442

in Russia: 10, 122

Section divisions of Old Testament: 2, 96, 97

Sects, Mohammedan: 3, 407-408; 7, 441, 442

Secular jurisdiction over clergy: 6, 270

priests of St. Joseph: 6, 230

Secularism: 10, 326

Secularization: 10, 327-331, 401

of marriage: 7, 197

Secundus of Tigisis: 3, 486, 487; 12, 131

Sedarim, sedaroth: 8, 352

Seder 'Olam rabba: 7, 369

Sedes Vacans: 10, 332

Sedgwick, Daniel: 10, 332

Sedlnitzki, Leopold Graf von: 10, 333

Sedulius, Cœlius: 10, 333

Junior: 10, 333

Scotus: 10, 333

Seeberg, Oskar T. A.: 10, 334

Reinhold: 10, 334

Seebohm, Frederic: 10, 334

Seed-time, Palestinian: 1, 93

Seehofer, Arsacius: 10, 334; 11, 71

Seekers: 10, 335; 12, 143, 370

Seeley, Sir John R.: 10, 335

Seelye, Julius H.: 10, 335

Seer: 9, 274

Sefer Yezirah: 2, 329

Sefiroth: 2, 326, 327

Segarelli, Gherardo: 1, 243, 244

Segna, Francesco: 10, 335

Segneri, Paolo: 9, 169; 10, 336

Segond, Jacques J. L.: 10, 336

Ségur, Gaston de: 10, 83

Seidel, Friedrich: 6, 443

Seidemann, Johann K.: 10, 336

Seir: 4, 78

Se'irim: 3, 400

Seiss, Joseph A.: 10, 336

Seitz, Anton: 10, 337

Sekeletu: 7, 3

Selah (Sela): 10, 337

Selah (musical term): 10, 338

Selbie, John A.: 10, 338

William B.: 10, 338

Selborne, Roundell, Earl of: 10, 338

Selby, Thomas G.: 10, 338

Selden, John: 10, 338

Seleucia, see of: 8, 120

synod of: 1, 21; 5, 283

Seleucia-Ctesiphon, see of: 8, 120

Seleucidæ: 10, 339

era of the: 10, 339

Seleucus I. Nicator: 10, 339

Seleucus II. Callinicus: 10, 340

Seleucus III. (Ceraunus) Soter: 10, 340

Seleucus IV. Philopator: 10, 341

Seleucus V.: 10, 343

Self-defense: 10, 343

Self-denial: 10, 344

Self-murder: 11, 132-133

Selfishness: 10, 344

Selicians: 8, 418

Seligenstadt: 10, 345

synod of: 10, 345

Selivanov: 10, 123

Sell, Edward: 10, 345

Karl: 10, 345

Sellin, Ernst F. M.: 10, 345

Selnecker, Nikolaus: 10, 346

Selwyn, George A.: 10, 347; 11, 18, 19

J. R.: 11, 18

William: 10, 347

Semi-Arians: 1, 280

Semi-Pelagianism: 2, 222, 436; 4, 285, 293; 7, 207, 445; 9, 194, 282; 10, 37, 347-349; 11, 223-225

Semiramis: 10, 198

Semites: 10, 350

in Babylonia: 1, 401

cradle of: 1, 253; 10, 350

Semitic dialects: 10, 351

grammar: 10, 352

Languages: 1, 255; 5, 183; 10, 350-354

literature: 10, 353-354

origin of term: 10, 350

religion: 1, 253; 10, 464

Semler, Johann S.: 2, 180, 181; 9, 394; 10, 354

Semo Sancus: 10, 419

Sempringham canons: 4, 488

Sen, Keshav Chandra: 2, 250; 5, 478, 479; 10, 355, 356

Sénault, J. F.: 9, 169

Sendgericht: 11, 226, 227

Sendjirli inscription: 12, 448

Sendomir, Consensus of: 10, 356

synod of: 9, 107, 422; 10, 356, 357

Seneca, Lucius A.: 10, 357

Senegal: 1, 74

Senegambia and the Niger: 1, 74

Senex: 9, 256

Senior, Mrs. Nassau: 12, 418

Sennacherib: 1, 331; 4, 90; 5, 272, 273

Sentences of Peter Lombard: 8, 493-495; 10, 267

Separate Baptists: 1, 477

Lutherans: 7, 81

Separated Armenian churches: 12, 566

Syrian churches: 12, 564

Separates: 10, 358

Separatism, pietistic: 9, 59, 63

Separatists: 2, 279-280; 3, 188; 5, 54, 365; 8, 451

Sepharvaim: 1, 400

Sepher Yezirah: 2, 329

Sepp, Christiaan: 10, 358

Johann N.: 10, 358

Sepporis: 4, 421

Septimius, Severus: 8, 469; 10, 358

Septuagesima: 3, 114; 6, 448

Septuagint: 1, 282; 2, 95, 116-119, 391; 3, 69, 361; 5, 41; 6, 122, 186, 187

Sepulcher, holy: 5, 328-331

Sepulcrines: 5, 331

Sequence: 10, 359, 360

Seraphim: 1, 176

Serapion: 10, 300-361

of Antioch: 7, 487; 10, 360

of Heraclea: 10, 361

Sindonetis: 10, 361

of Thmuis: 10, 361

Serapium, in Alexandria: 11, 326

Serfdom of the peasants: 8, 432

Sergius I., Pope: 10, 361

Sergius II.: 4, 342; 10, 361

Sergius III.: 10, 362

Sergius IV.: 10, 362

Sergius and Bacchus: 10, 362

Confessor: 10, 362

of Constantinople: 7, 480, 481, 483; 10, 363

of Ras'ain: 11, 240

Paulus, proconsul: 7, 485; 8, 399

Sergius-Tychicus: 8, 417, 418

Séricourt, Simon de: 9, 135

Sermon, the: 1, 102; 2, 71; 5, 42, 346-351; 9, 158-188; 12, 422

Serpent, the Brazen: 10, 364

in Mythology: 4, 1-2; 10, 363-370

in Symbolism: 10, 363-370

in Worship: 4, 1-2; 10, 363-370

Serranus, Johannes: 6, 402

Servant of Yahweh: 6, 40; 7, 324

Servatius, Saint: 10, 370

Servetus, Michael: 1, 204; 2, 355, 357; 10, 371-373

Servia: 10, 373, 374

Servian Bible versions: 2, 153

Orthodox Churches in America: 10, 374

Service, John: 10, 374

Service for the unemployed: 3, 123

Servites: 10, 374

Seso, Carlos de: 11, 30

Session: 9, 241; 10, 375

Sessums, Davis: 10, 375

Set: 10, 367, 375

Seth: 7, 156; 10, 375-377

Sethians: 7, 243

Sethites: 8, 243; 10, 375-377

Seton, Elizabeth A.: 6, 230; 10, 84, 377

Setshele: 7, 2

Seuse, H. A.: 11, 172

Seven deadly sins: 10, 439

dolors of the Virgin Mary, feast of the: 7, 222

sacraments: 10, 142, 144

the Sacred Number: 8, 204, 208; 10, 378, 379

Sleepers of Ephesus: 10, 379

Seven-day week: 12, 282-284

Seventh-day Adventists: 1, 56

Baptists: 1, 476

Baptists, German: 3, 187

Seventy: 8, 205

Severians: 3, 438; 8, 243

Severianus: 3, 73; 10, 380

Severinus, Pope: 10, 380

Severinus, Saint: 10, 380

Severus (of Antioch): 3, 438; 7, 477, 478; 10, 381; 12, 565

Septimius: 8, 469; 10, 358

Sulpicius: 10, 382

Sewall, Frank: 10, 383

John S.: 10, 384

Sewel, Willem: 10, 384

Sewell, William: 10, 384

Sexagesima: 3, 114; 6, 448

Sext: 10, 384

Sexton: 10, 167

Sexual influences, in worship: 1, 313-314

organs, diseases of: 3, 447

Seyerlen, Karl R.: 10, 384

Seymour, George F.: 10, 384

Richard: 9, 283

Sfondrati, Niciolo: 5, 66

Sforza, Giovanni: 1, 118, 119

Sguropulus, Silvester: 11, 243

Shaalbim: 6, 251

Shaaraim: 8, 100

Shabaka: 4, 90

Shabbethai Zebi: 4, 369, 370; 6, 61

Shabbethaianism: 4, 369; 6, 61

Shaftesbury, Anthony A. Cooper, third earl of: 3, 394; 7, 501, 502

seventh earl of: 10, 384

Shah Namah: 12, 526

Shahan, Thomas J.: 10, 385

Shahpur (Shapur) I.: 7, 154, 155; 12, 524, 529

Shahpur II.: 12, 524

Shaikh Ahmad: 1, 394

Shaikhis: 1, 394

Shakers: 3, 189; 6, 438

Shakespeare, William: 9, 460

Shakti: 5, 476

Shalisha: 10, 186

Shallum: 10, 385

Shalmaneser I.: 1, 328

Shalmaneser II. (III.): 1, 95, 98, 329; 7, 273

Shalmaneser III. (IV.): 1, 289, 330

Shalmaneser IV. (V.): 1, 331; 5, 373

Shamanism: 5, 180; 10, 385

Shamash: 1, 334, 410; 9, 122; 10, 420; 11, 139

Shamir: 6, 247

Shammai: 5, 459; 9, 280; 10, 386

Shamshi-Hadad: 10, 40

Shamshi-Ramman I.: 1, 328; 10, 40

Shamshi-Ramman II.: 1, 328

Shamshi-Ramman IV.: 1, 330

Shan race: 10, 394

Shanahan, Edmund T.: 10, 386

Shang-Ti: 3, 30

Shapur. See Shahpur

Sharebu: 11, 142

Shari'at al-kabirah: 8, 312

Shari'at al-Manadirah: 8, 314

Sharon, plain of: 8, 312; 9, 36

Sharp, Granville: 10, 386, 453, 472

James: 3, 290; 10, 386

John: 10, 387

Sharpe, Samuel: 10, 387

Shatt-al-Hai: 1, 403

Nil: 1, 403

Shaving: 5, 118

Shaw, John B.: 10, 387

Shaw, William I.: 10, 387

Shawl: 4, 4

Shayast la-Shayast: 12, 526

Sheba: 11, 249

queen of: 1, 19

Shebna (Shebnah): 10, 387

Shechem: 10, 185, 186

Shedd, John H.: 8, 472; 10, 388

William G. T.: 10, 210, 386

Shedhim: 3, 400, 401

Sheehan, Patrick A.: 10, 389

Sheep: 8, 372

Sheepshanks, John: 10, 389

Sheik: 4, 103

Shekel: 7, 468; 12, 291

Shekinah: 10, 389

Sheldon, Charles M.: 10, 390

Gilbert: 10, 390

Henry C.: 10, 390

Shem: 8, 185; 11, 247, 250

Shema: 6, 499; 8, 100; 11, 214

Shemaiah: 9, 273; 10, 390

Shemesh: 11, 137

Shemites. See Semites

Shemoneh esreh: 6, 499; 11, 214

Shenoute: 3, 266, 268, 269

Sheol: 1, 2; 3, 368; 5, 109. See also Abaddon, Hades

Shepard, Thomas: 10, 391

Shephelah: 6, 247; 8, 311, 312

Shepherd of Hermas: 2, 394; 3, 422; 5, 240-241; 8, 55

Shepherds: 8, 373

Sheraton, James P.: 10, 391

Sherlock, Richard: 10, 391

Thomas: 10, 391

William: 10, 392

Sherwood, Grace: 12, 394

James M.: 10, 392

Sheshbazzar: 6, 53; 12, 510

Sheshet Barfat, Isaac ben: 6, 35

Sheshonk I.: 4, 89

Shield: 12, 267

of orthodoxy: 6, 139

Shields, Charles W.: 10, 392

Shiites: 1, 394; 4, 12; 7, 441; 8, 474

Shikand-Gumanik Vijar: 12, 526

Shiloh: 5, 278; 6, 252

Shinar: 1, 396

Shinto: 6, 101

Ship of fools: 2, 253

Shipley, Orby: 10, 392

Shipp, Albert M.: 10, 393

Ships: 8, 88, 89

Shirley, Waddington: 12, 462

Shirpurla: 1, 400, 405, 406

Shirt: 4, 3

Shishak: 4, 89; 9, 446

Shoes, episcopal: 12, 171

Shophetim: 6, 253

Shore, Thomas T.: 10, 393

Shorter catechism: 12, 327

Shorthand: 11, 77-79

Showbread: 11, 245, 295

Shrine for relics: 1, 140, 141

of St. Anne: 9, 69

Shuckford, Samuel: 10, 393

Shuey, William J.: 10, 393

Shulamite: 11, 2

Shur, wilderness of: 12, 263

Shushan: 10, 393

Siam and Laos: 10, 394, 395

Sibbes, Richard: 10, 395

Sibel, Kaspar: 10, 395

Sib'i: 11, 249

Sibs, Richard: 10, 395

Sibyl: 10, 396-400

Sibylline Books: 7, 325; 10, 396-400

Sicarii: 10, 400; 12, 498

Sicilian bee: 8, 328

vespers: 5, 355; 7, 212

Sicily: 2, 486

Sick, communion of: 7, 39

healing of: 2, 206

Sickenberger, Joseph: 10, 400

Sickingen, Franz von: 7, 71; 9, 500; 10, 401

Sickinger, Magdalena: 9, 101

Sidim: 8, 314

Sidon: 9, 15

Sidonians: 9, 14

Sidonius, Apollinaris: 10, 401-403

Michael: 5, 206

Siebeck, Hermann: 9, 469

Sieffert, Friedrich A. E.: 10, 403

Friedrich L.: 10, 403

Siegfried (missionary): 11, 174

Siegfried, Karl A.: 10, 404

Siena, Synod of: 10, 404

Sieninski, Johannes: 10, 489

Sierra Leone: 1, 74

Sieveking, Amalie W.: 10, 405; 12, 418

Sifatites: 7, 442

Sigbert: 1, 180

Sigebert of Gembloux: 10, 405

Sigismund (Sigmund) of Austria, duke: 3, 327; 5, 69; 9, 77

Sigismund, emperor: 3, 248; 5, 417

Sigismund (August) II.: 4, 410; 5, 375; 9, 2, 422

Sigismund, Johann: 7, 291; 10, 406

Sign of the cross: 3, 309

Signet: 4, 4

Significance of baptism: 1, 436

Signorelli, Luca: 8, 304

Sigurd: 8, 195; 11, 174

Sigwart, C.: 12, 543

Sihler, Edward W. A.: 10, 407

Ernest G.: 10, 407

Sihon: 1, 155, 157

Sikhs, Sikhism: 10, 408-411

Silas (Silvanus): 11, 457

Silesius, Angelus: 10, 229

Siloam Inscription: 5, 273; 10, 411

tunnel: 6, 133; 12, 288

Silva, Beatrix de: 12, 411

Silvanus, Johannes: 4, 375; 8, 47, 48, 235

Silver: 7, 331, 468

Silverius, Pope: 10, 412

Silvester (Sylvester) I., Pope: 3, 485; 10, 412

Silvester II.: 10, 412

Silvester III., Antipope: 2, 40; 5, 60

Silvester IV., Antipope: 8, 365

Silvestris-Ferrariensis, Franciscus de: 10, 266

Silvia Aquitana: 10, 414

Silvius, Æneas: 9, 76

Simeon ben Yohai: 10, 418

of Bulgaria: 2, 297

prince of Israel: 1, 485

Simeon (of Jerusalem): 10, 414

Magister: 10, 415

Metaphrastes: 10, 414-416

the New Theologian: 5, 257; 8, 70; 10, 416

of Revardeshir: 11, 241

the Studite: 10, 416

Stylites: 7, 463, 464; 11, 123, 124

of Thessalonica: 8, 68; 10, 417

Simeon, Charles: 9, 185; 10, 417

Simeon (Simon) Stock, saint: 10, 421, 484

Simler, Josias: 10, 417

Simon VI. of Lippe: 6, 493

Simon (Simeon) ben Yohai: 10, 418

Simon de Brion: 7, 212

the Just: 11, 217

the Maccabee: 5, 165; 7, 469

Magus: 3, 141, 142; 10, 418-420, 429

Peter. See Peter the Apostle

of Tournai: 10, 421

Zelotes: 10, 421

Simon, David W.: 10, 421

John S.: 10, 422

Richard: 2, 143, 176, 180, 181; 10, 422

Simon Stock, Saint: 10, 421, 484

Simonianism: 10, 420

Simonias: 4, 421

Simonites, gospel of the: 1, 227

Simons, Menno: 1, 162; 10, 423-429; 12, 50

Walther E.: 10, 429

Simony: 1, 497; 5, 60, 62; 6, 452; 7, 371; 8, 490, 491; 9, 151; 10, 429; 11, 104; 12, 105

Simplicius, Pope: 7, 475; 10, 430

Simpson, Albert B.: 10, 430

James G.: 10, 430

Matthew: 10, 430

Samuel: 10, 431

Simson, Eduard: 9, 345

John: 4, 171; 10, 431

Simultaneum: 10, 431, 432

Simyra (Simyrus): 9, 17

Sin: 1, 360; 3, 156; 4, 29, 35, 36, 70, 286; 5, 95-96; 6, 261, 429; 8, 41, 133, 246; 9, 86, 332, 413, 414; 10, 46, 295, 425, 432-439; 11, 34, 341; 12, 346, 354-360, 441, 442, 443, 464

avoidability of: 12, 359

Gregory I. on: 5, 57, 58

against Holy Ghost: 2, 198; 11, 47

Occam on: 8, 218

offerings: 10, 165

original: 10, 37

remission of: 6, 324, 326

(CITY of): 10, 439, 443

the god: 1, 334, 411; 7, 492; 9, 122

wilderness of: 12, 263

Sinai: 1, 286, 334; 8, 25, 27; 10, 440, 441

Sinaita, Johannes: 6, 196

Sinaitic codex: 11, 453

Sinaitic-Syriac manuscript: 2, 128; 12, 202

Sinclair, William M.: 10, 442

Sinecure: 10, 442

Si-ngan-fu, inscription of: 8, 120

Singer, Isidore: 10, 442

Singers: 9, 329

Singhs: 10, 410

Singing, solo: 10, 154

Singleness of Heart: 10, 442

Sinim: 10, 443

Sinites: 9, 17

Sinker, Robert: 10, 444

Sinlessness of Christ: 3, 493; 12, 212, 213

Sins, confession of: 3, 221-223

Sin-shar-ishkun: 1, 332, 408

Sinteris, W. F.: 4, 378

Siphra: 7, 367

Siphre: 7, 367

Sippar: 1, 400

Sirach, book of: 1, 223-224; 2, 391; 9, 307

wisdom of Jesus, son of: 1, 223-224; 2, 391; 9, 307

Siricius: 2, 464; 6, 240; 10, 444

Sirius: 11, 67; 12, 531

Sirmian formulas: 1, 21; 5, 374

Sirmium, synod of: 1, 21, 280; 4, 201; 5, 283; 9, 44

Sirmond, Jacques: 10, 444

Sirozahs: 12, 525

Sisebut: 10, 445

Sisera: 3, 383; 6, 72, 254

Sisinnius, Pope: 10, 445

Sisinnius of Constantinople: 10, 445

monk: 12, 183

the Novatian: 10, 445

patriarch of Constantinople: 10, 445

Sisterhood of All Saints: 3, 379

of the Good Shepherd: 3, 379

of holy childhood: 3, 379

of St. John: 3, 379

of St. Margaret: 3, 379

of St. Mary: 3, 379

Sisterhoods: 3, 377. See also preceding and following entries; also Nuns

Sister-servants of the . . . heart of Mary: 5, 457

Sisters of Bethlehem: 2, 75

of the blessed sacrament: 11, 336

of charity: 10, 377

of the blessed virgin: 11, 336

of Nazareth: 11, 336

of St. Charles: 3, 13

of St. Vincent de Paul: 3, 13; 12, 417

of the Christ-child: 12, 412

of Christian teaching of Nancy: 12, 411

of the cross: 12, 412

of the cross of St. Andrew: 12, 412

of the heart of Jesus: 5, 326

of the Holy Ghost: 5, 326

of the holy child Jesus: 12, 412

of the holy . . . heart of Mary: 5, 457

of the immaculate heart of Mary: 5, 457

of Joseph: 12, 412

of Our Lady of Good Succor: 12, 413

of Our Lady of Salette: 12, 413

of Loretto: 11, 335; 12, 412

of Mary: 5, 326

of Mercy of Chatillon: 12, 194, 195

of Montreal: 7, 313

of Seez, France: 7, 313

of Jesus: 12, 412

of Notre Dame de Namur: 11, 335

of penitence: 10, 469

Sisters of the People: 3, 378

of the Perpetua! Adoration: 12, 412

of the poor, Methodist: 12, 418

of Providence: 11, 335; 12, 412

of Refuge: 12, 412

of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Mary: 9, 51

of St. Anne in Canada: 12, 413

of St. Casimir: 11, 336

of St. Christina: 12, 412

of St. Joseph: 6, 230

of St. Sophia: 12, 412

of St. Thomas of Villanova: 12, 412

Sisters. See also Sœurs

Sistra: 10, 151

Sisu, Saint: 9, 409

Sitil: 7, 147

Sitnah: 8, 100

Sitnapishtim: 8, 184

Sittich, Markus: 10, 182

Siva: 2, 249; 5, 476

Sivaism: 5, 290

Six: 8, 205

Six articles: 3, 295; 6, 419; 10, 445; 12, 68

Act of the: 10, 445

Six-principles Baptists: 1, 476

Sixtine-Clementine Bible: 2, 125-126

Sixtus I., Pope: 10, 446

Sixtus II.: 8, 198; 10, 446

Sixtus III.: 10, 446

Sixtus IV.: 4, 360; 5, 488; 10, 446

Sixtus V.: 2, 116, 125; 3, 324, 370; 8, 115, 335; 10, 446

Sixtus of Sienna: 2, 180, 181; 3, 206

Skalich, Paul: 4, 410

Skalsky, Gustav A.: 10, 447

Skeat, Walter W.: 10, 447

Skinner, John: 10, 447, 448

Thomas H.: 10, 448

Skiti: 10, 122

Skoptzi: 10, 123

Skorina, Frantsisk: 2, 153

Skrefsrud, Lars O.: 10, 448

Skytte, Martin: 4, 314

Slater, Samuel: 11, 154

William F.: 10, 448

Slattery, Charles L.: 10, 448

Slaughter of food animals: 3, 429

of the innocents: 6, 1; 12, 205

Slavery: 1, 61, 403, 475; 3, 128; 5, 363; 7, 343, 407; 8, 100-105; 10, 386, 449-453, 472

in America: 10, 452

and Christianity: 10, 450-453

and the early Church: 10, 451

Greco-Roman: 10, 450

Hebrew: 10, 136, 449, 450

and the medieval Church: 10, 451

Slaves by Jews, ownership of Christian: 10, 452

Slavic catechisms: 2, 446

Christianity: 2, 297-299; 3, 337

Missions in the U. S.: 10, 227, 454, 455

Slavonic Bible versions: 2, 152

Slavs, Conversion of the: 3, 337; 12, 298

Sleep of souls: 6, 22

Sleidanus, Johannes: 10, 455

Slime pits in Palestine: 8, 315

Sling: 12, 267

Slovaks: 10, 454

Slovenian Bibles: 2, 153

Smalley, John: 8, 136; 10, 456

Smaragdus: 10, 456

Smectymnuus: 2, 339

Smend, Julius: 10, 457

Rudolf: 10, 457

Smerdis: 7, 274

Smet, Pierre J. de: 10, 457

Smijtegeld: 9, 169

Smiley, A. K.: 8, 428

Smith, Adam: 7, 502; 10, 483

Alexander C.: 10, 457

Arthur H.: 10, 457

Benjamin M.: 10, 458

Charles S.: 10, 458

Charles W.: 10, 458

David: 10, 458

Eli: 10, 458; 11, 233

Elias: 3, 45, 46

Franklyn G.: 11, 28

Frederica: 9, 139

George: 1, 324; 3, 297; 10, 458

George A.: 9, 186, 211; 10, 459

George C.: 10, 316

George V.: 10, 459

Haskett: 10, 459

Henry: 10, 459

Henry B.: 3, 478; 8, 138; 10, 460

Henry G.: 10, 460

Henry P.: 8, 278; 10, 460

Hezekiah: 1, 471

Hyrum: 8, 10, 11

Isaac G.: 10, 460

James A.: 10, 461

John: 10, 461

John: 10, 464

John P.: 10, 461

John T.: 10, 461

Joseph: 8, 9-20

Joseph F.: 8, 17; 10, 461

Judson: 10, 462

Rodney: 10, 462

Samuel: 8, 141

Samuel F.: 10, 462

Samuel S.: 10, 462

Sydney: 10, 463

Thomas: 10, 463

William A.: 10, 463

William R.: 8, 278; 9, 211; 10, 463; 12, 434, 435, 437, 438

Smyrna: 1, 315

Smyth, John: 1, 457-459; 3, 232; 6, 478; 9, 369; 10, 464

John P.: 10, 465

Samuel P. N.: 10, 465

Snape, Andrew: 10, 465

Snethen, Nicholas: 7, 349, 350; 10, 465

Snow, B. G.: 11, 15

Snowden, James H.: 10, 466

So: 1, 331; 5, 373; 11, 249

Soares, Antonio da Fonseca: 4, 338

Sober Anabaptists: 1, 161

Social Brethren: 10, 466

primitive life: 12, 4-8

Service of the Church: 10, 466-482

Social work: 10, 180

Socialism: 9, 93; 10, 483-487

Christian: 3, 42-44

Societas divini Salvatoris: 9, 412

Société Évangélique de Genève: 4, 224

de Marie-Réparatrice: 12, 413

Society for the abolition of the slave trade: 10, 472

of Christianity of Basel: 10, 469

of Friends' mission in Syria: 11, 235

of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin: 12, 411

Islands, missions in the: 7, 413; 11, 18, 19; 12, 368

of Jesus. See Jesuits

of Mary: 7, 181; 10, 487

of Paris: 10, 487

the Restorer: 12, 413

of Mission Priests of St. John the Evangelist: 9, 288

for the preaching of the gospel for Scandinavian seamen: 10, 317

for the prevention of cruelty to children: 10, 473

for Promoting Christian Knowledge: 10, 472, 473; 11, 478

for the propagation of the gospel in Burma: 2, 311

for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts: 7, 409

for psychical research: 5, 462; 9, 351; 11, 2

for Waifs and Strays, Church of England: 10, 473

Socinianism: 1, 297; 3, 160; 5, 466; 12, 21

Socinians: 10, 488-492; 12, 356

Socinus, Faustus: 1, 185; 3, 364; 10, 209, 488-492; 12, 21, 82

Laelius: 10, 488, 493

Socoh: 6, 247

Socrates (church historian): 10, 493

Greek philosopher: 3, 242; 10, 494

Soden, Hans K. H., Freiherr von: 10, 495

Sodom: 7, 45; 8, 314

sea of: 8, 313

Soerensen, Anders H. V.: 10, 495

Sœurs or Dames de la Sainte Trinité: 12, 413

de la croix: 12, 412

hospitalières de la misericorde de Jésus: 12, 412

de Marie auxiliatrice: 12, 413

de la misericorde: 7, 313

de Notre Dame du bon secours: 12, 413

de presentation: 12, 412

Sœurs. See also Sisters

Sohar. See Zohar

Sohm, Rudolf: 10, 496

Sohn, Georg: 10, 496

Soil of Palestine: 8, 315

Soissons, synod of: 10, 94

Solar basis of year: 12, 473

Solemn league and covenant: 3, 290; 9, 206, 215; 12, 142, 323

Solimani, G. M. B.: 1, 455

Solo singing: 10, 154

Solomon: 3, 170; 5, 295; 6, 52, 132, 133, 342; 10, 449, 496, 497; 11, 2-3, 279

Odes of: 10, 497

pools of: 12, 276

psalms of: 7, 326; 9, 328, 329

song of: 1, 102; 11, 1-4

temple of: 6, 132-133; 11, 293-294

wisdom of: 1, 224; 9, 307

Solomon III., abbot: 10, 170

Solomon bar Isaac: 9, 390

ben Jerobam: 6, 297

ibn-Gebirol: 6, 58

Solomon Islands, missions in the: 7, 402, 414; 11, 19

Solomonic dynasty in Abyssinia: 1, 19

Som, Konrad: 10, 184

Soma ("body"): 4, 330; 11, 12-14

Soma (deity): 2, 247; 12, 529

Somaliland: 1, 75

Somaschians: 10, 498

Son of God: 3, 50; 7, 453; 10, 498, 499

of Man: 3, 49; 6, 166; 10, 322, 323; 11, 1

Soner, Ernst: 10, 489

Song, homophonic: 10, 157

of Moses: 8, 28

of Solomon: 11, 1-4

of Songs: 1, 102; 11, 1-4

of three children: 1, 217-218

Sons of God: 4, 482; 10, 377

of St. Joseph: 6, 230

of temperance: 11, 470

Sonship, Jesus' view of: 1, 45

Old Testament view of: 1, 45

Sonship. See also Adoption

Soothsaying: 9, 272; 11, 6-8

Sophia (Wisdom): 9, 133; 12, 130-134, 386, 387

Sophronius: 11, 4-5

of Jerusalem: 6, 138; 7, 481; 8, 67; 11, 4

Sorbic Bibles: 2, 154

Sorbon, Robert de: 11, 5, 6

Sorbonne: 11, 5, 6

Sorbs: 12, 300

Sorcery and Soothsaying: 11, 6-8

Sorck, Erasmus: 10, 206

Sordini, Caterina.: 12, 412

Sores: 6, 249

Sortes Apostolorum: 11, 9

Sanctorum: 11, 9

Sosibius: 9, 356, 357

Soter, Pope: 11, 9

Soteriology: 10, 492; 11, 9-11, 306. See also Redemption; Salvation

Brahmanic: 2, 248

Buddhistic: 2, 293

Calvinistic: 2, 361

Zoroastrian: 12, 532

Soto, Domingo de: 11, 11

Petrus de: 11, 12

Sotularii: 12, 241

Soubiran, Abbé de: 12, 413

Soubirous, Bernadette: 7, 47

Soul: 2, 328; 3, 129, 194, 409, 410, 439; 4, 69; 9, 89; 10, 127; 11, 12-14, 277, 306

biblical conceptions of: 11, 12-14

Druse doctrine of: 4, 13

of God: 12, 544

Neoplatonic doctrine of: 8, 112, 113

Plato on: 9, 89

and Spirit: 5, 177; 11, 12-14

Swedenborg on: 11, 184, 185

Soule, Joshua: 7, 343; 11, 14

Souls, cure of: 8, 373-377

sleep of: 6, 22

Sources of dogma: 3, 471

of history in inscriptions: 6, 10

Sources of infancy narratives: 12, 203-204

Souter, Alexander: 11, 14

South, Robert: 9, 183, 459; 11, 20

South Africa, Reformed Church in: 9, 433

America, concordats with: 3, 217

Protestants in: 1, 277; 2, 218, 255; 3, 28, 163; 4, 73; 5, 93; 7, 411; 8, 349, 475; 12, 113, 161

Roman Catholics in: 1, 277; 2, 218, 256; 3, 28, 163; 4, 73; 5, 93; 8, 349, 475; 10, 77-78; 12, 113, 161

Australia, Presbyterians in: 9, 222

Sea Islands, Missions in the: 7, 413; 11, 14-19; 12, 368, 574

Southcott, Joanna: 11, 21

Southcottians: 11, 21

Southern Baptist Theological Seminary: 11, 347

Southgate, Horatio: 11, 21

Southwestem Baptist Theological Seminary: 11, 348

Presbyterian University: 11, 381

Theological Seminary: 11, 381

Southworth, Franklin C.: 11, 21

Sower, Christopher: 4, 24; 11, 21

Sozomen, Salamanius H.: 11, 22

Sozzini, Lelio: 10, 493

Spaeth, Phillip F. A. T.: 11, 23

Spagnoletto: 8, 305

Spain: 2, 67, 85, 86, 425, 461; 3, 270, 271; 4, 205, 403; 6, 144, 147; 7, 213, 243, 370; 9, 258-260; 11, 23, 24, 467; 12, 468

adoptionism in: 1, 48, 49

anticlerical movements in: 11, 26, 27

art in: 8, 305

baptismal ritual in: 1, 443

Christianity in: 4, 403; 9, 258-260; 11, 23-31

collections of canons of: 2, 383

concordats with: 3, 217, 218

education in: 11, 28

Evangelical Work in: 11, 25-29

Gnostics in: 1, 17

inquisition in: 6, 3, 4

Jews in: 6, 57, 58, 59, 177; 10, 445; 11, 461

liturgy in: 7, 238

Protestantism in: 10, 110; 11, 25-29

Reformation in: 11, 25, 26, 29-31

Reforrned Church of: 11, 27

Roman Catholics in: 11, 23, 24

Sixteenth Century Reformation Movements in: 11, 29-31

Spalatin, Georg: 4, 376-377; 11, 31

Spalding, Catherine: 11, 336

Franklin S.: 11, 32

Johann J.: 11, 32

John L.: 11, 32

Martin J.: 11, 33

Spangenberg, August G.: 5, 482; 9, 171; 11, 33

Cyriakus: 11, 34

Johann: 9, 166; 11, 35

Spanheim, Ezechiel, Baron: 11, 35

Friedrich the Elder: 5, 217; 11, 35

Friedrich the Younger: 11, 36

Spanish Bible versions: 2, 155

Hieronymites: 5, 275

symbol: 1, 242

Spans: 12, 287

Sparrow, William: 11, 36

Spaulding, Solomon: 8, 13

Speakers: 4, 12

Speaking with Tongues: 2, 457; 3, 11; 11, 36-39

Spear: 12, 267

holy: 12, 169

Specchi, oblates of the tower of: 12, 411

Specht, Thomas: 11, 39

Specific trusts (religious): 9, 270

Speculum ecclesiæ: 9, 162

triplex: 12, 191, 192

Spee, Friedrich von: 11, 39

Speer, Robert E.: 11, 39

Spegel, Hagain: 9, 168

Spellmeyer, Henry: 11, 40

Spelt: 1, 92

Spence, James: 11, 40

Spence-Jones, Henry D. M.: 11, 40

Spencer, Herbert: 4, 232, 233; 5, 9; 9, 141; 11, 40; 12, 121, 122, 436

John: 11, 41

Spener, Philip J.: 3, 353; 6, 328; 9, 53, 170; 11, 222, 302

Spengler, Lazarus: 11, 41

Spenta Armaiti: 12, 531

Speratus, Paulus: 1, 106, 107; 11, 42

Speyer, Bishopric of: 11, 42

Diets of: 3, 16; 5, 337; 6, 479; 9, 420; 11, 43-46

Spices: 1, 93; 5, 468-469

Spiegel, F. A.: 4, 6, 7

Spieker, George F.: 11, 46

Spiera, Francesco: 11, 46; 12, 165

Spifame, Jacques P.: 11, 47

Spikenard: 8, 82

Spilsbury, John: 1, 461

Spina, Alfonso de: 11, 47

Spinola, Cristoval R. de: 7, 445; 9, 62; 11, 48

Spinoza, Baruch: 8, 329; 9, 464; 11, 48, 49; 12, 357

Spires. See Speyer

Spirit: 3, 194; 5, 177; 10, 285

biblical conceptions of: 11, 12-14

of God, Biblical View of: 11, 50

soul and: 5, 177; 11, 12-14

word and: 12, 423

of Yahweh: 9, 274

Spirits, evil: 3, 399-403, 414-417

Spiritual Contentment: 11, 50

exercises: 4, 249; 5, 447; 6, 141, 142; 8, 71

gifts: 3, 11, 79; 9, 275

marriage: 11, 125, 126

monism: 5, 161

Spiritualism: 11, 51, 52

Spiritualists: 11, 51, 52

Spirituals: 8, 237

Spitama: 12, 526

Spitta, Friedrich A. W.: 11, 53

Karl J. P.: 11, 53

Spittler, Christian F.: 11, 53

Ludwig T.: 11, 54

Spleiss, David: 9, 177

Spoils, Right of: 11, 54, 55

Spondanus, Henricus: 11, 55

Sponde, Henri de: 11, 55

Sponsors: 1, 446

Spoons: 12, 169

Sports, Book of: 11, 56

Spottiswood, John: 11, 56

Sprague, William B.: 11, 56

Sprecher, Samuel: 11, 56

Spreng, Samuel P.: 11, 56

Sprenger, Jakob: 10, 93

Sprickmann, A. M.: 8, 291

Spring, Gardiner: 8, 137; 11, 57

Samuel: 11, 57, 349

Spring equinox: 12, 491

Sprinzl, Josef: 11, 57

Sproull, Thomas: 11, 57

Spurgeon, Charles H.: 1, 466; 9, 186; 11, 57, 58

Thomas: 11, 59

Square character, Hebrew: 2, 95; 12, 448, 449

Sraosha: 12, 531

Srawley, James H.: 11, 59

Sri Chand: 10, 409

Stabat mater: 6, 84, 85

Stackhouse, Thomas: 11, 59

Stade, Bernhard: 11, 59

Staehelin, Johann J.: 11, 59

Rudolf: 11, 60

Staehlin, Adolf von: 11, 60

Staerk, Willy O. A.: 11, 60

Staeudlin, Karl F.: 11, 60

Staff: 2, 202; 12, 171

Staffortian Book: 11, 61

Stagel, Elsbet: 11, 172

Stahl, Friedrich J.: 11, 61

Stahr, John S.: 11, 61

Stålberg, Erik: 2, 235

Stalker, James: 11, 61

Stall, Sylvanus: 11, 62

Stancari, Francesco: 8, 60; 11, 62; 12, 82

Standing fishes Bible: 2, 140

Stanford, Charles: 11, 62

Stange, Carl: 11, 63

Stanislaus of Cracow: 11, 63

Jesuit: 11, 63

of Znaim: 5, 415, 417

Stanley, Arthur P.: 9, 186; 11, 63, 64

Henry M.: 1, 76-77; 7, 4; 8, 320

Stanton, Vincent H.: 11, 64

Stapfer, Daniel: 11, 65

Edmond L.: 11, 65

Friedrich: 11, 65

Johann F.: 11, 64

Johannes: 11, 65

Philipp A.: 11, 65

Staphylus, Friedrich: 8, 60; 11, 65

Staprade, Hermann: 8, 44

Star worship: 1, 97; 5, 180; 9, 122

yazatas: 12, 531

Starbuck, Edwin D.: 11, 66

Starck, Johann F.: 11, 66

Starke, Christoph: 2, 158; 11, 66

Stars: 11, 67-69

State, Church and: 2, 301, 381, 382; 3, 105-112, 159-160, 210-218, 230; 4, 137, 142, 236, 352, 425; 6, 272, 273; 9, 85, 113, 116, 269-271, 296, 301; 10, 51; 11, 55; 12, 87, 198, 199

and ethics: 7, 497, 498

philanthropic work of: 10, 476-477

States of the Church: 3, 14, 132, 136; 4, 310; 5, 55, 498, 505; 6, 263; 7, 19, 251; 8, 163, 332-335; 9, 81, 83; 10, 331, 446, 447; 11, 81; 12, 107

Station: 11, 69

Stations of the cross: 11, 70

Statistics, Ecclesiastical: 11, 70

Sunday-school: 11, 164

Staudt, J. H.: 6, 377

Stauff, Argula von: 10, 334; 11, 71

Staughton, William: 1, 473; 9, 187

Staupitz, Johann von: 9, 359; 11, 71

Stave, Erik E.: 11, 72

Stearns, Lewis F.: 8, 247; 11, 72

Oakman S.: 11, 72

Shubael: 1, 472; 10, 358

Stebbins, George C.: 11, 72

Steck, Rudolf: 11, 73

Stedingers, the: 11, 73

Steegen, Gerrit Ter: 11, 304

Steele, Anne: 11, 73

Daniel: 11, 74

David: 11, 74

Steen, Cornelis van den: 3, 272

Steenoven, Cornelis: 6, 99; 12, 571

Steenstra, Peter H.: 11, 74

Stefano, Luigi Oreglia di Santo: 8, 257

Stefel, Esajas: 11, 94

Steiger, Gallus: 10, 47

Wilhelm: 11, 74

Stein, Franz J. von: 11, 74

Steinbeck, Franz A. J.: 11, 75

Steinberger, Hans: 9, 166

Steindorff, Georg: 11, 75

Steiner, J. C.: 10, 240

Steinhofer, I. C.: 9, 171

(M.) Friedrich C.: 11, 75

Steinhuber, Andreas: 11, 75

Steinkopf, C. F. A.: 2, 88, 89

Steinle, Eduard: 8, 305

Steinmetz, J. A.: 9, 61

Steinmeyer, Franz K. L.: 9, 176; 11, 75

Steitz, Georg E.: 11, 76

Stele of Canopus: 9, 356

of Zakkara: 12, 448

Stellenbosch, Theological Seminary at: 9, 433

Stellhorn, Frederick W.: 11, 76

Stelzle, Charles: 11, 76

Sten Sture: 1, 275

Stennett, Joseph: 11, 76

Samuel: 11, 76

Stenography and Church History: 11, 77-79

Stephan (of Grammont): 5, 44

Stephan, Martin: 7, 88; 11, 80

Stephanists: 11, 80

Stephen I., Pope: 3, 331; 4, 317; 5, 235-236; 11, 81

Stephen II.: 3, 67; 7, 19; 8, 333; 11, 81

Stephen III.: 11, 82

Stephen IV.: 11, 83

Stephen V.: 11, 83

Stephen VI.: 4, 341; 11, 83

Stephen VII.: 11, 83

Stephen VIII.: 11, 83

Stephen IX.: 5, 60, 61; 8, 380, 490; 11, 84

Stephen bar Zudhaile: 11, 84, 239

de Borbone: 11, 84

of Larissa: 2, 222

of Naples: 1, 385

(proto-martyr): 3, 370; 9, 277; 11, 80

Apocalypse of: 1, 228

Stephen of Siunik: 1, 290

of Tournai: 11, 84

de Vellavilla: 11, 84

(Waldensian bishop): 2, 214

Stephen Harding: 5, 147

Niobes: 7, 480

Thomash: 8, 147

Stephens: 11, 85-86

Antoine: 11, 86

Charles: 11, 85

François: 11, 85

François 2nd: 11, 85

Henry: 11, 85

Henry 2nd: 11, 85

Joseph: 11, 86

Paul: 11, 86

Robert: 11, 85

Robert 2nd: 11, 85

New Testament of: 2, 107, 114, 125; 11, 86

Thomas: 5, 476

Stepney College: 1, 180

Stercoranists: 11, 86

Sterne, Laurence: 9, 184; 11, 86

Sterngasser, Johann: 11, 276

Sternhold, Thomas: 5, 429; 11, 87

Sterry, Peter: 11, 87

Steudel, Johann C. F.: 11, 87

Steuernagel, Karl: 11, 88

Steuss, Johann: 8, 235

Stevens, Abel: 11, 88

George B.: 11, 88

Peter F.: 11, 88

William A.: 11, 88

William B.: 11, 89

Stevenson, James H.: 11, 89

Joseph R.: 11, 89

William F.: 11, 89

Steward: 7, 335

Stewart, Alexander: 11, 89

Dugald: 11, 90

George B.: 11, 90

James: 11, 90

Robert: 9, 140

Robert L.: 11, 91

R. W.: 3, 34

William: 11, 91

Sticharion: 12, 172

Stichometry: 4, 215; 11, 91-94

Stichos: 11, 91

Stiefel, Esajas: 11, 94

Michael: 11, 95

Stier, Rudolf E.: 11, 95

Stigel (Stigelius), Johann: 11, 96

Stigmatization: 2, 455; 6, 176; 11, 96

Stiles, Ezra: 9, 184; 11, 97

Stilling, Johann H. J.: 9, 173; 11, 97

Stillingfleet, Edward: 11, 98

Stillman, Charles A.: 11, 98

Stirling, J. H.: 11, 490

Stirling tract enterprise: 11, 478

Stirrups: 12, 428

Stock, Eugene: 11, 98

Simon: 2, 418; 10, 221

Thomas: 9, 383; 11, 153

Stockfleth, Nils J. C. V.: 2, 141; 6, 415; 11, 99

Stockings, episcopal: 12, 171

Stockmeyer, J.: 9, 179

Stockton, Thomas H.: 11, 99

W. S.: 7, 349

Stoddard, Charles A.: 11, 100

David T.: 11, 100

Solomon: 8, 131; 10, 11; 11, 100

Stoecker, Adolf: 3, 239; 11, 100

Stoessel, Johann: 9, 33; 11, 100, 225

Stoicism: 9, 462; 11, 101

Stoics: 4, 39, 40, 152, 229; 7, 175, 245; 8, 83, 84, 327, 328, 439, 440; 9, 306

Stokes, George T.: 11, 102

Stolberg, Friedrich L., Count: 11, 102

Stole: 12, 170

Fees: 11, 103-105

Stone, Barton W.: 3, 45, 443; 11, 105

Darwell: 11, 105

Stone of Mesha: 7, 426

Moabite: 7, 426

of stumbling: 11, 119

tables: 1, 285

Stoneite churches: 11, 105

Stones, precious: 9, 189-191

sacred: 1, 139, 312; 4, 481; 7, 294-296

Stonework, Hebrew: 5, 142

Stoney, J. B.: 9, 96

Stoning, Hebrew Use of: 6, 429; 11, 105, 106

Storch, Niklaus: 1, 162; 8, 48; 12, 538

Storr, G. C.: 9, 173, 398; 12, 34, 35

Storrs, Richard S.: 11, 107

Story, Robert H.: 9, 207; 11, 107

Story-Bibles: 2, 163, 164

Stosch, Johann E. G.: 11, 107

Stoss, Veit: 10, 313

Stoughton, John: 11, 108

Stow, Baron: 11, 108

Stowe, Calvin. E.: 11, 108

Stowell, Hugh: 11, 108

Strabo, Walafried: 12, 238

Strack, Hermann L.: 11, 109

Stralen, Gottfried: 8, 44, 45

Strange, Robert: 11, 109

Stranger, 9, 279; 11, 109

Stranniki: 10, 123

Strasburg: 7, 166, 167, 168

baptismal ritual: 1, 444

Bishopric of: 11, 110

Reformation in: 2, 322, 408; 11, 121; 12, 502

Stratiotics: 8, 243

Straton, Norman D. J.: 11, 110

Strauch, Ægidius: 11, 221, 223

Strauss, David F.: 3, 492; 5, 6; 9, 468; 11, 110-112, 395

Jakob: 11, 112; 12, 118, 400

Strawbridge, Robert: 7, 341; 11, 112

Streane, Annesley W.: 11, 113

Strickler, Givens B.: 11, 113

Strigel, Victorinus: 9, 33; 11, 101, 113-114, 224, 225; 12, 347

Strigenitz, G.: 9, 168

Strigolniki: 10, 118

Stringed instruments: 10, 148-150

Strohsacker, Hartmann: 11, 114

Strong, Augustus H.: 3, 478; 11, 114, 347

James: 11, 114

Josiah: 11, 115

Strong, Nathan: 11, 115

Thomas B.: 11, 115

Stryker, Melanchthon W.: 11, 115

Strype, John: 11, 115

Stuart, Charles M.: 11, 116

Clarence E.: 9, 96; 11, 116

George H.: 3, 40; 11, 116

Moses: 8, 136; 11, 116

Stubbs, Charles W.: 11, 117

William: 11, 117

Stuckenberg, John H. W.: 11, 117

Student volunteer movement for foreign missions: 11, 118, 119

Students, university: 12, 100

Studites: 1, 25

Study, the pastor's: 8, 378

Stuebner, Markus: 1, 162; 12, 538

Stueckelberger, Karl U.: 9, 173

Stumbling-Block: 11, 119

Stunden: 9, 59

Stundists: 10, 124

Stupa: 11, 120

Sturm of Fulda: 4, 407; 7, 65; 10, 218; 11, 120

Sturm, Christoph C.: 9, 172

Jakob: 11, 120

Johannes: 8, 341; 11, 121

Julius K. R.: 11, 122

Sturmin, Beata: 12, 418

Stuttgart, confession of: 11, 122

Reformation in: 10, 255-256

synod of: 11, 122, 123; 12, 52

Styfel, Michael: 11, 95

Style, criticism of: 2, 173

test of, in exegesis: 4, 240

Stylites: 7, 463, 464; 11, 123

Stylus: 12, 447

Suarez, Francisco: 11, 124

Subdeacon: 11, 124

Subintration: 11, 497

Subintroductæ Virgines: 11, 125

Subjectivism: 10, 5

Subjectivity: 10, 87

and worship: 12, 439

Sublapsarianism: 11, 126

Subliminal consciousness: 11, 52

Submission: 8, 212

Subordinationism: 1, 203, 204; 3, 52; 12, 18-22

Subotniki: 10, 124

Subterranean burial-places: 2, 484

Sucat: 2, 471

Succession, Apostolic: 1, 248; 2, 267; 8, 232; 9, 301, 435; 11, 126-129, 485

Succoth: 8, 26, 455; 9, 412

Succoth-Benoth: 11, 129

Sudaili, Stephen bar: 11, 84, 239

Sudan: 1, 75

Suddhodana: 2, 292

Sueskind, F. G.: 12, 36

Suevi in Spain: 11, 130

Suffering: 11, 130

problem of: 6, 189

Suffragan: 2, 193; 11, 131; 12, 293, 294

Suger: 11, 131

Suggestion: 9, 352

Suicerus, Johannes C.: 11, 131

Johannes H.: 11, 132

Suicide: 11, 132

Suidas: 11, 133

Suidbert: 11, 133

Suidger: 3, 132

Suits: 12, 290

Sulpicians: 11, 134

Sulpicius, Severus: 10, 382, 467

Sulzer, Simon: 11, 134

Sumatra: 7, 139, 140

Sumer: 1, 396, 399

Sumerian-Akkadian language: 1, 402; 6, 8

Sumerians: 1, 401; 6, 8; 7, 125

Summa der Godliker Scrifturen: 11, 134, 135

universæ theologiæ: 1, 120

Summaries: 4, 423

Summenhart, Konrad: 11, 136

Summerbell, Martyn: 11, 136

Summerfield, John: 9, 187; 11, 136

Summers, Thomas O.: 11, 136

Summum bonum: 5, 17; 11, 40

Sumner, John B.: 11, 136

Sun dial: 3, 367

myth: 10, 192

pillars: 1, 392; 9, 18; 11, 138

temple of, at Baalbek: 1, 393

and Sun-worship: 1, 147, 253, 334, 410, 411; 4, 101; 6, 102; 11, 137-145

Sunday: 4, 289; 11, 145-150. See also Lord's Day

Mandæan: 7, 148

observance: 10, 224

Sunday-school: 9, 383; 10, 472; 11, 151-165

conventions: 11, 159-160

and pastor: 8, 378

societies: 11, 156-160

Sunday legislation: 11, 146-150

Sunday, William A.: 11, 165

Sundberg, A. N..: 9, 180

Sunesön, Anders: 1, 172

Sunnah: 7, 440

Sunnites: 7, 441

Sunstroke: 3, 348

Superannuation: 12, 574

Supererogation, Works of: 11, 165

Superintendent: 11, 166

Supernatural origin of disease: 3, 401-402, 445

pictures of Christ: 6, 171

Religion: 11, 166

Supernaturalism: 9, 393-402

Superstition: 2, 334; 3, 30, 31; 5, 333; 6, 216; 11, 5-8, 167-171

Superville, Daniel de: 9, 169

Suppression of monasteries: 10, 329

Supralapsarianism: 2, 362

Supremacy, Acts of: 4, 133; 9, 366; 11, 171

papal: 3, 14, 82; 4, 122; 5, 55, 60-63, 496; 8, 161, 397; 9, 127, 256; 12, 60

Suraj Parkash: 10, 408

Suri: 7, 271

Surinam: 5, 93

Surius, Laurentius: 11, 172

Surplice: 12, 171, 173

fees: 11, 103-105

Surya: 2, 247; 11, 143

Sus, Heinrich A.: 11, 172

Susa (Shushan): 4, 102; 7, 274; 10, 393-394

Susanchites: 10, 393

Susanna, history of: 1, 218

Suse, Heinrich A.: 11, 172

Susiana: 4, 102

Suslov, Ivan: 10, 123

Suso, Heinrich A.: 8, 70; 9, 163; 11, 172, 276

Suspension: 6, 269

Susquehanna University, School of Theology of: 11, 364

Sutel, Johann: 11, 173

Sutri, synod of: 2, 41; 5, 60

Svaning Bible: 2, 151

Svedberg, Jesper: 9, 168

Svenonius, Enevald: 4, 315

Svenska Afdelningen af Föreningen: 10, 317

Sverdrup, Jakob L. R.: 11, 173

Svetambaras: 6, 88

Swabian league: 8, 433; 10, 226

Swabian-Saxon concordia: 1, 170

Swastika: 3, 310

Swearing. See Oath

formulas of: 8, 210, 211

Sweden: 11, 174-183; 12, 255

Christianity in: 1, 191, 192; 11, 174-183; 12, 255

episcopacy in: 11, 178; 12, 71, 72

indulgences in: 1, 275

Protestants in: 11, 181

Reformation in: 11, 177-179

Roman Catholics in: 11, 181

Sunday-schools in: 11, 155-156

Swedenborg, Emanuel: 8, 140, 141, 142; 11, 183-188

Swedenborgians: 8, 140-143

Swedish Bible society: 2, 91

concordances: 3, 209

Evangelical Mission Covenant of America: 11, 189

hymnody: 5, 428

Jerusalem society: 11, 236

missionary union: 11, 181

Theological Seminary: 11, 368

Sweelinck, J. P.: 8, 258

Sweeny, James F.: 11, 189

Swete, Henry B.: 2, 117; 11, 189

Swift, Jonathan: 9, 184

Swing, Albert T.: 11, 190

David: 9, 188; 11, 190

Swiss Brethren: 7, 306; 10, 427

guards: 12, 146

Mennonites: 7, 305

Sunday laws: 11, 150

Swithun, Saint: 11, 190

Switzerland: 4, 336-337; 11, 190-197

Bible society in: 2, 91

catechisms in: 2, 445

Christian Catholic Church of: 8, 231

Counter-Reformation in: 3, 339-340; 6, 76

ecclesiastical records of: 1, 273

Protestantism in: 8, 127, 128

Reformation in: 9, 420

Sunday-schools in: 11, 156

Sword: 12, 267

Brethren of the: 1, 108; 11, 198

Sycamore trees: 4, 404

Sychar: 10, 186

Syllabus of Errors, Papal: 10, 73; 11, 198; 12, 61

Sylvester. See Silvester

Sylvestrins: 11, 199

Symbolic-sacrificial view of Lord's Supper: 7, 30

Symbolics: 11, 199-203

Symbolism, Ecclesiastical: 11, 203-211

religious: 1, 136, 137, 181, 182, 209, 286, 449, 452; 2, 346; 3, 164, 165, 309-310; 4, 254; 5, 469, 470; 6, 167-169, 172-173; 8, 66-68, 204, 351; 11, 139, 203-211

serpent in: 10, 363-370

Symbols. See Creeds and Symbolics

Symbols of faith: 1, 240-243

pre-Christian: 3, 309

Symbolum apostolicum: 1, 240. See also Apostles' Creed

Symmachians: 11, 212

Symmachus, Pope: 7, 477; 11, 212

Symmachus (Banolator): 2, 120

Symphorianus: 11, 213

Symphosius, Amalarius: 1, 145

Symposius of Astorga: 9, 258

Syn: 9, 17

Synagōgē: 3, 229

Synagogue: 11, 213-217

liturgy of: 6, 499

the Great: 2, 389; 11, 217

Synaxaria: 1, 28

Synaxarion: 2, 102

Syncellus: 11, 218

Syncretism: 1, 121; 2, 348, 352; 11, 218-223

Syncretistic Controversies: 11, 218-223

Synedrion: 4, 104; 10, 203

Syneisaktoi: 11, 125

Synergism: 2, 361; 4, 322; 7, 280, 445; 9, 33; 10, 349; 11, 114, 223-225; 12, 356

Synergistic Controversy: 11, 223-225

Synesius of Cyrene: 11, 225

Syngramma Suevicum: 2, 260

Synod, synods: 3, 279-284

Synod of Aachen: 1, 1, 111

Ad Quercum: 1, 21; 3, 73

of Agde: 1, 83; 2, 333

of Alexandria: 1, 126

of Ancyra: 1, 168; 7, 462

of Antioch: 1, 202; 12, 561

of Aquileia: 1, 251

of Arles: 1, 287; 2, 231, 232; 4, 285; 8, 354

of Aschheim: 1, 311

of Auxerre: 1, 385; 9, 494

of Bern: 2, 61

of Besançon: 10, 92

of Brzesc: 10, 488

of Carthage: 2, 222, 383, 427; 8, 193, 200, 441, 442; 9, 494; 10, 347, 349

of Chiersey: 9, 195, 481

of Clermont: 3, 146, 315, 316

of Cordova: 3, 270

of Czenger: 9, 422

of Danzig: 9, 107

of Dort: 3, 494; 4, 159; 9, 427, 482

of Elvira: 4, 116

of Emden: 9, 426, 427

of Epao: 4, 149

of Erdöd: 9, 422

of Frankfort: 2, 421; 4, 372; 10, 176

of Gangra: 4, 214

of Gentilly: 4, 454

Synod of Groningen: 9, 428

of Hippo: 1, 81, 368; 2, 427

of Hohenaltheim: 5, 315

of Homberg: 5, 337

of a hundred chapters: 10, 118

of Jerusalem: 6, 139

of Kells: 6, 308

of Langres: 9, 481

of Laodicea: 6, 414; 9, 323

Lateran: 8, 162, 367

of Lestines: 6, 484

of Leucyka: 9, 105

of Liftinæ: 6, 484

of Loudun: 1, 161

of Macon: 7, 120; 11, 145

of Middelburg: 3, 375; 9, 427

of Milan: 9, 44

of Mileve: 8, 441

of Missouri: 3, 426; 7, 9, 83, 88, 89; 10, 407; 12, 259

of Moscow: 10, 118

of North America, German Evangelical: 4, 469

of Orange: 2, 333; 8, 248, 275, 389; 10, 37, 348

of Orleans: 8, 275; 11, 145

of Oxford: 8, 295

pan-Anglican: 6, 403

of Paris: 10, 261

of Pavia: 8, 422

of Petrikau: 5, 375; 9, 2

of Piacenza: 12, 105

of Pistoja: 10, 24

of Quiercy: 1, 145

of Rakow: 10, 488

of Ravenna: 1, 83

of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America: 9, 232, 233

of Reims: 9, 200

of Sardica: 3, 37; 9, 126; 10, 207

of Saybrook: 3, 234

of Seleucia: 1, 21; 5, 283

of Seligenstadt: 10, 345

of Sendomir: 9, 107, 422; 10, 356, 357

of Siena: 10, 404

of Sirmium: 1, 21, 280; 4, 201; 5, 283; 9, 44

of Soissons: 10, 94

of Stuttgart: 11, 122, 123

of Sutri: 2, 41; 5, 60

of Tarragona: 2, 86

of Thorn: 9, 107

of Toledo: 2, 231; 9, 259, 321; 10, 66; 11, 460-462

of Treves: 9, 163

of Tribur: 12, 14

of Tvin: 8, 118

of Ulster: 9, 218

of Upsala: 9, 423

of Valence: 9, 481; 10, 348

of Vercelli: 9, 403

of Vienne: 9, 243; 12, 182, 183

of Wesel: 9, 426

of Whitby: 8, 284; 12, 339

Synodal Courts: 11, 226, 227

system: 3, 283, 284

Synodical conference, Lutheran: 7, 90

Synodikon: 7, 481

Synods and councils: 3, 279-284

Teutonic: 3, 281

Trullan: 10, 361; 12, 28

Synopsis criticorum: 9, 125

Synoptic problem: 5, 26; 6, 151-153, 161, 163

Synoptics, "parable" in: 8, 345

Syntagma: 8, 189

Syntērēsis: 3, 243

Syria: 1, 148, 308, 405, 406; 2, 485; 11, 228-237

missions in: 11, 233

serpent in: 10, 366

sun-worship in: 11, 141-142

Syriac Bible versions: 2, 127-130; 3, 69; 4, 257; 11, 238

calendarium: 1, 27

concordance: 3, 209

hymnody: 1, 483; 5, 151, 425

language: 1, 255; 10, 350-354

Literature: 1, 11, 18, 208; 2, 127; 3, 323; 4, 55, 151, 152, 455, 456; 6, 35, 77, 79, 211, 397; 7, 219; 8, 117, 123; 9, 43, 379; 11, 84, 237-242; 12, 495

version, of Apocrypha: 1, 216

Syrian canon of scripture: 2, 397-398

Christology: 12, 565

Church: 11, 242, 243

Church, baptism in: 1, 441

confession of faith, modern: 12, 566

Evangelical Church: 10, 388

marriage ceremonies: 11, 2-3

monasticism: 7, 463

Protestant College: 11, 234

text of New Testament: 2, 110

Syrians, gospel according to the: 1, 227

Syrlin, Ulm Jörg: 10, 313

Syro-Hexaplar version: 2, 119

Syropulus, Silvester: 11, 243

Syrus, Ephraem: 9, 321

Szegedinus: 6, 347

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