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 [Arabic, p. 7] 173173 Matt. i. 18.Now174174 This is preceded in Vat. ms. by the genealogy, Matt. i. 1–17 (see Introduction, 13), with the marginal note The Beginning of the Gospel of Matthew. (Lagarde, op. cit., 1886, p. 154.) The text presents nothing worthy of note in this place except that verse 16, construed on the same principle as the preceding verses, to which, except in the words printed in italics, it is strictly parallel in construction, reads thus: “Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, who of her begat Jesus, the Messiah” (cf. the remarkable reading of Sin. Syriac). As it stands, this is the only possible interpretation of the words, for who is masculine. But a mistake in the gender of a relative pronoun is very common in Arabic among illiterate people, while in Syriac there is, to begin with, no distinction. If then we correct the relative, who of her will become of whom (fem.), and begat will of course be construed as passive. We thus get the text followed in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, the ordinary reading of the Peshitta, of whom was born Jesus. the birth of Jesus the Messiah was on this wise: In the time when his mother was given in marriage to Joseph, before they came together,  she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. 175175 Matt. i. 19.And Joseph her husband was a just man and did not wish to expose her, and he purposed to put her away secretly.  176176 Matt. i. 20.But when he thought of this, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, and said unto him, Joseph, son of David, fear not to take Mary thy wife, for that  which is begotten177177 The Arabic might even more naturally be rendered born, thus giving us the reading that Isho‘dad tells us was that of the Diatessaron (Harris, Fragments, p. 16 f.); but throughout the whole genealogy (see § 1, 81, note) this word has been used by the Vat. ms. in the sense of begat. Here the Borg. ms. has of her for in her; but Ibn-at-Tayyib in his Commentary discusses why Matthew wrote in and not of. in her is of the Holy Spirit. 178178 Matt. i. 21.She shall bear a son, and thou shalt  call his name Jesus, and he shall save179179 cf. § 1, 78. his people from their sins. 180180 Matt. i. 22.And all this was that the saying from the Lord by the prophet might be fulfilled:
And they shall call his name Immanuel,
 which is, being interpreted, With us is our God. 182182 Matt. i. 24.And when Joseph arose from his  sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took his wife; 183183 Matt. i. 25a.and knew her not until she brought forth her firstborn son.
 184184 Luke ii. 1.And in those days there went forth a decree from Augustus Cæsar that all the  people of his dominion185185 The Arabic expression is clearly meant to represent that used in the Peshitta. should be enrolled. 186186 Luke ii. 2.This first enrolment was187187 This is the most natural meaning of the Arabic sentence; which, however, is simply a word-for-word reproduction. while Quirinius [11, 12] was governor of Syria. 188188 Luke ii. 3.And every man went to be enrolled in his city. 189189 Luke ii. 4.And Joseph went up also from Nazareth, a city of Galilee, to Judæa, to the city of David  which is called Bethlehem (for he was of the house of David and of his tribe), 190190 Luke ii. 5.with  [Arabic, p. 8] Mary his betrothed, she being with child, to be enrolled there. 191191 Luke ii. 6.And while  she was there the days for her being delivered were accomplished. 192192 Luke ii. 7.And she brought forth her firstborn son; and she wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them where they were staying.
 193193 Luke ii. 8.And there were in that region shepherds abiding, keeping their flock in the watch  of the night. 194194 Luke ii. 9.And behold, the angel of God came unto them, and the glory of the  Lord shone upon them; and they were greatly terrified. 195195 Luke ii. 10.And the angel said unto them, Be not terrified; for I bring you tidings of great joy which shall be to the  whole world; 196196 Luke ii. 11.there is born to you this day a Saviour, which is the Lord the Messiah,  in the city of David. 197197 Luke ii. 12.And this is a sign for you: ye shall find a babe wrapped  in swaddling cloths and laid in a manger. 198198 Luke ii. 13.And there appeared with the angels suddenly many heavenly forces praising199199 The Arabic represents Syr. idiom. God and saying,
And on the earth peace, and good hope to men.
 201201 Luke ii. 15.And when the angels departed from them to heaven, the shepherds spake to one another and said, We will go to Bethlehem and see this word which hath been, as  the Lord made known unto us. 202202 Luke ii. 16.And they came with haste, and found Mary and  Joseph, and the babe laid in a manger. 203203 Luke ii. 17.And when they saw, they reported the word  which was spoken to them about the child. 204204 Luke ii. 18.And all that heard wondered at the  description which the shepherds described205205 cf. § 1, 66, note. to them. 206206 Luke ii. 19.But Mary kept these207207 Borg. ms. inserts all above the line, after these. The meaning ought then to be, these things, namely, all the sayings. sayings  and discriminated208208 The Arab. might mean set them apart; but the Syriac is against this. them in her heart. 209209 Luke ii. 20.And those shepherds returned, magnifying and praising God for all that they had seen and heard, according as it was described unto them.
 [Arabic, p. 9] 210210 Luke ii. 21.And when eight days were fulfilled that the child should be circumcised, his name was called Jesus, being that by which he was called by the angel before his conception in the womb.
 211211 Luke ii. 22.And when the days of their purification according to the law of Moses were  completed, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him before the Lord 212212 Luke ii. 23.(as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male opening the womb shall be called the  holy thing of the Lord), 213213 Luke ii. 24.and to give a sacrificial victim as it is said in the law of  the Lord, A pair of doves or two young pigeons. 214214 Luke ii. 25.And there was in Jerusalem a man whose name was Simeon; and this man was upright and pious, and expecting  the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 215215 Luke ii. 26.And it had been said unto him by the Holy Spirit, that he should not see death till he had seen with  his eyes the Messiah216216 Or, anointed. of the Lord. 217217 Luke ii. 27.And this man came by the Spirit to the temple; and at the time when his parents brought in the child Jesus, that they might  present for him a sacrifice, as it is written in the law, 218218 Luke ii. 28.he bare him in his arms and praised God and said,
According to thy saying;
And a glory to thy people Israel.
 225225 Luke ii. 33.And Joseph and his mother were marvelling at the things which were being said  concerning him. 226226 Luke ii. 34.And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, Behold, he is set for the overthrow and rising of many in Israel; and for a sign of contention;  227227 Luke ii. 35.and a spear228228 So also in Syriac versions and the quotation of Isho’dad from Ephraem (Harris, Fragments, p. 34), but not the Armenian version. shall pierce229229 The Arabic sides with the Peshitta and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, against the remarkable reading of Sin. supported by Isho’dad, as in last note (Syriac text), and the Armenian in Hill, p. 336. See now also The Guardian, Dec. 18, 1895. through thine own soul; that the thoughts of the  [Arabic, p. 10] hearts of many may be revealed. 230230 Luke ii. 36.And Anna the prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher, was also advanced in years (and she dwelt  with her husband seven years from her virginity, 231231 Luke ii. 37.and she remained a widow about eighty-four years); and she left not the temple, and served night and day with  fasting and prayer. 232232 Luke ii. 38.And she also rose in that hour and thanked the Lord, and she  spake of him with every one who was expecting the deliverance of Jerusalem. 233233 Luke ii. 39.And when they had accomplished everything according to what is in the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to Nazareth their city.
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