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ANF06. Fathers of the Third Century: Gregory Thaumaturgus, Dionysius the Great, Julius Africanus, Anatolius, and Minor Writers, Methodius, Arn
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II.—Fragments Apparently of the Same Epistle of the Synod of Antioch;

To Wit, of that Part of It Which It is Agreed that Eusebius Left Unnoticed.14061406    In Leontius of Byzantium, contra Nestor., book iii., towards the end.

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He says, therefore, in the commentaries (they speak of Paul), that he maintains the dignity of wisdom.

And thereafter:

If, however, he had been united14071407    Copulatus erat. according to formation and generation, this is what befalls the man. And again:  For that wisdom, as we believe, was not congenerate14081408    Congeneratum. with humanity substantially, but qualitatively.14091409    Secundum qualitatem.

And thereafter:

In what respect, moreover, does he mean to allege that the formation14101410    Formationem. of Christ is different and diverse from ours, when we hold that, in this one thing of prime consequence, His constitution differs from ours, to wit, that what in us is the interior man, is in Him the Word.14111411    We say, that as the exterior and the interior man are one person, so God the Word and humanity have been assumed as one person, a thing which Paul denies.—Can.

And thereafter:

If he means to allege that Wisdom dwells in Him as in no other, this expresses indeed the same mode of inhabitation, though it makes it excel in respect of measure and multitude; He being supposed to derive a superior knowledge from the Wisdom, say for example, twice as large as others, or any other number of times as large; or, again, it may be less than twice as large a knowledge as others have. This, however, the catholic and ecclesiastical canons disallow, and hold rather that other men indeed received of Wisdom as an inspiration from without, which, though with them, is distinct from them;14121412    Alia est apud ipos. but that Wisdom in verity came of itself substantially into His body by Mary.

And after other matters:

And they hold that there are not two Sons. But if Jesus Christ is the Son of God, and if Wisdom also is the Son of God; and if the Wisdom is one thing and Jesus Christ another, there are two Sons.

And thereafter:

Moreover understand (Paul would say) the union with Wisdom in a different sense, namely as being one according to instruction and participation;14131413    Secundum disciplinam et participationem. Paul of Samosata used to say that the humanity was united with the Wisdom as instruction (disciplina) is united with the learner by participation.—Can. [See Hooker, book v. cap. 52, sec. 4.] but not as if it were formed according to the substance in the body.

And after other matters:

Neither was the God who bore the human body and had assumed it, without knowledge14141414    Expers. of human affections14151415    Passionum, sufferings. in the first instance;14161416    Principaliter. nor was the human body without knowledge, in the first instance, of divine operations in him in whom He (the God) was, and by whom He wrought these operations. He was formed, in the first instance, as man in the womb; and, in the second instance,14171417    Secundario, i.e., κατὰ δεύτερον λόγον.—Turrian. the God also was in the womb, united essentially with the human,14181418    συνουσιωμένος τῷ ἀνθρωπίνῳ. that is to say, His substance being wedded with the man.


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