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Life of Jesus Christ in Its Historical Connexion and Historical Developement.
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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION.
CHAPTER I.
THE IDEA OF THE HISTORY OF CHRIST IN GENERAL.
§ 1. The Indifference of Criticism rejected. 1
§ 2. The Truth, that Christ is God-man, presupposed. 2
§ 3. This Presupposition and the historical Accounts mutually confirm and illustrate each other. 3
CHAPTER II.
SOURCES OF THE HISTORY OF CHRIST.
§ 4. Traditional Origin of the Synoptical Gospels. 6
§ 5. Genuineness of John’s Gospel. 6
§ 6. Results of Criticism. 7
BOOK I.
BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD OF JESUS.
CHAPTER I.
INTRODUCTION.
§ 7. Scantiness of our Information in regard to this Period of Christ’s Life; nothing further essential to the Interests of Religion. 11
§ 8. Fundamentally opposite Modes of apprehending the Accounts.
CHAPTER II.
THE MIRACULOUS CONCEPTION.
§ 9. The miraculous Conception demanded à priori, and confirmed à posteriori 13
§ 10. No trace of a Mythus in the Narrative. Such a Myth could not have originated among the Jewish People. 13
§ 11. Objections to the Credibility of the Narrative from the subsequent Dispositions of Christ’s Relations answered, (1) from the Nature of the Case; (2) from the Name Jesus. 16
§ 12. Analogical Ideas among the Heathen. 17
CHAPTER III.
THE BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD OF CHRIST.
§ 13. The Birth of Christ in its Relations to the Jewish Theocracy. 18
§ 14. The miraculous Events that accompanied it. 19
§ 15. Tile Taxing; Jesus born at Bethlehem. 20
§ 16. The Announcement of the Shepherds. 21
§ 17. The Sacrifice of “Purification,” and the “Ransom of the First-born.” Their Weight as Proof against the Mythical Theory. 23
§ 18. Simeon’s prophetic Discourse. 24
§ 19. The longing of the Heathen for a Saviour. The Star of the Wise Men. 25
§ 20. The Massacre of the Innocents, and the Flight into Egypt. 27
§ 21. The Return to Nazareth. 28
§ 22. Brothers and Sisters of Jesus; the mention of them in the Gospel Narrative a Proof of Credibility. 29
§ 23. Consciousness of Messiahship in the Mind of Jesus. Christ among the Doctors. 30
BOOK II.
THE MENTAL CULTURE OF JESUS: HIS LIFE TO THE TIME OF HIS PUBLIC MINISTRY.
CHAPTER I.
JESUS NOT EDUCATED IN THE THEOLOGICAL SCHOOLS OF THE JEWS.
§ 24. The Pharisees. 35
§ 25. The Sadducees. 35
§ 26. The Essenes. 37
§ 27. The Alexandrian Jews. 39
§ 28. Affinity of Christianity, as absolute Truth, for the various opposing Systems. 39
§ 29. Christ’s Doctrine revealed from Within, not received from Without. 39
§ 30. The popular Sentiment in regard to his Connexion with the Schools. 40
CHAPTER II.
THE LIFE OF JESUS TO THE OPENING OF HIS PUBLIC MINISTRY.
§ 31. Consciousness of Messiahship in Christ.. l41
BOOK III.
PREPARATIVES TO THE PUBLIC MINISTRY OF CHRIST
PART I.
OBJECTIVE PREPARATION: MINISTRY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
CHAPTER I.
RELATION OF THE BAPTIST TO THE JEWS.
§ 32. How far the Baptist revived the Expectation of a Messiah. 45
§ 33. Causes of Obscurity in the Accounts left us of the Baptist. Sources, viz., the Evangelists, Josephus. 46
§ 34. The Baptist’s mode of Life and Teaching in the Desert. 48
§ 35. John as Baptist and Preacher of Repentance. 49
§ 36. Relations of the Pharisees and Sadducees to the Baptist. 50
§ 37. Relations of the Baptist to the People, and to the narrower Circle of his own Disciples. 52
§ 38. John’s Demands upon the People compared with those of Christ. His humble Opinion of his own Calling. 52
CHAPTER II.
THE RELATION OF THE BAPTIST TO THE MESSIAH.
§ 39. The Baptist’s Explanation of his Relation to Messiah. The Baptism by Water and by Fire. 53
§ 40. The Baptist’s Conception of Messiah’s Kingdom. 54
§ 41. The Baptist’s Recognition of Jesus as Messiah. 55
  (1) Import of his Baptism of Jesus. 57
  (2) The Continuance of his Ministry. 57
  (3) Possible Wavering in his Convictions. 58
  (4) His Message from Prison. 60
  (5) Conduct of his Disciples towards Jesus. 60
§ 42. The Phenomena at the Baptism, and their Import. 61
  (1) No ecstatic Vision. 61
  (2) The Ebionitish View, and its Opposite. 62
  (3) Developement of the Notion of Baptism in New Testament. 63
  (4) The Baptism of Christ not a Rite of Purification. 64
  (5) But of Consecration to his Theocratic Reign. 65
  (6) John’s previous Acquaintance with Christ. 65
  (7) Explanation of John, i., 31. 66
  (8) The Vision and the Voice: intended exclusively for the Baptist. 67
PART II.
SUBJECTIVE PREPARATION: THE TEMPTATION OF CHRIST.
CHAPTER I.
IMPORT OF THE INDIVIDUAL TEMPTATIONS.
§ 43. The Hunger. 70
§ 44. The Pinnacle of the Temple. 71
§ 45. The World-Dominion. 72
CHAPTER II.
IMPORT OF THE TEMPTATION AS A WHOLE.
§ 46. Fundamental Idea. 73
§ 47. The Temptation not an inward one, but the Work of Satan. 73
BOOK IV.
THE PUBLIC MINISTRY OF CHRIST ACCORDING TO ITS REAL CONNEXION.
PART I.
THE PLAN OF CHRIST
CHAPTER I.
THE PLAN OF CHRIST IN GENERAL.
§ 48. Had Christ a conscious Plan? 79
§ 49. Connexion with the Old Testament Theocracy. 81
§ 50. Christ’s steadfast Consciousness of Messiahship. 81
§ 51. His Plan underwent no Alterations. 82
§ 52. Two-fold Bearing of the Kingdom of God. (1) An inward, spiritual Power: (2) A world-renewing Power. 86
CHAPTER II.
THE PLAN OF CHRIST IN ITS RELATION TO THE OLD TESTAMENT IDEA OF THE KINGDOM OF God.
§ 53. Christ’s Observance of the Jewish Worship and Law. 88
§ 54. His Manifestation greater than the Temple..... 89
§ 55. The Conversation with the Samaritan Woman. 90
§ 56. The “Destroying” and “Fulfilling” of the Law. 91
§ 57. The Interpolation in Luke, vi., 4. (Cod. Cant.). 92
CHAPTER III.
NEW FORM OF THE IDEA OF THE PERSON OF THE THEOCRATIC KING.
§ 58. The Names “Son of God” and “Son of Man” 94
§ 59. Import of the Title “Son of Man,” as used by Christ himself. Rejection of Alexandrian and other Analogies. 95
§ 60. Import of the Title “ Son of God 96
  (1) John’s Sense of the Title accordant with that of the other Evangelists. 96
  (2) And confirmed by Paul’s. 97
PART II.
THE MEANS AND INSTRUMENTS OF CHRIST.
CHAPTER I.
THE MEANS OF CHRIST IN GENERAL.
§ 61. Christ a Spiritual Teacher. 9S
§ 62. Different Theatres of his Work as Teacher. 99
§ 63. Choice and Training of the Apostles to be subordinate Teachers. 100
CHAPTER II.
CHRIST’S MODE OF TEACHING IN REGARD TO ITS METHOD AND FORM.
A. ITS GENERAL PRINCIPLES.
§ 64. His Mode of Teaching adapted to the Stand-point of his Hearers. 101
§ 65. His Truth presented in Germ to be developed: Seeds of Thought. 102
§ 66. Its Results dependent upon the Susceptibility of the Hearers. 103
§ 67. This corresponds to the general Law of Developement of the Kingdom of God. 106
B. CHRIST’S USE OF PARABLES.
§ 68. Idea of the Parable. Distinction between Parable, Fable, and Mythus. 107
§ 69. Order in which the Parables were delivered. Their Perfection. Mode of interpreting them. 108
§ 70. Christ’s Teaching not confined to Parables, but conveyed also in longer Discourses. 109
§ 71. John’s Gospel contains chiefly connected and profound Discourses, and why? 110
§ 72. The Parable of the Shepherd, in John, compared with the Parables in the other Gospels. 111
C. CHRIST’S USE OF ACCOMMODATION.
§ 73. Necessity of Accommodation. 113
§ 74. Distinction between Material and Formal Accommodation. 114
§ 75. Christ’s Application of Passages from Old Testament. 115
CHAPTER III.
CHOICE AND TRAINING OF THE APOSTLES AS TEACHERS.
§ 76. Christ’s Relation to the Twelve. Significance of the Number. The Name Apostle. 116
§ 77. Choice of the Apostles. Of Judas Iscariot. 117
§ 78. The Apostles uneducated Men. 119
§ 79. Two Stages in their Dependence upon Christ. 120
§ 80. Christ’s peculiar Method of Training the Apostles. 121
CHAPTER IV.
THE CHURCH AND BAPTISM.
§ 81. Founding of the Church. Its Objects. 122
§ 82. Name of the Church. Its Form traced back to Christ. 123
§ 83. Later Institution of Baptism as an initiatory Rite. 126
CHAPTER V.
THE MIRACLES OF CHRIST: THEIR CHARACTER AND OBJECTS.
A. THE OBJECTIVE CHARACTER OF MIRACLES.
§ 84. Connexion of Christ’s Miracles with his Mode of Teaching. 127
§ 85. Negative Element. 127
§ 86. Positive Element. Teleological Object. 129
§ 87. Relation of Miracles to the Course of Nature. 130
§ 88. Relation of the individual Miracles to the highest Miracle, viz., the Manifestation of Christ. 131
§ 89. Relation of Miracles to History. 132
B. THE MIRACLES OF CHRIST AS VIEWED BY HIS CONTEMPORARIES.
§ 90. Miracles deemed an essential Sign of Messiahship. 132
C. CHRIST’S OWN ESTIMATE OF HIS MIRACLES.
§ 91. Apparent Discrepancies: Mode of removing them. 134
  (1) Two-fold Object of the Miracles. 134
  (2) A Susceptibility for Impression presupposed. 135
§ 92. His Explanation of the “Sign of the Prophet Jonah” 136
§ 93. His Declaration, “Destroy this Temple,” &c. 137
§ 94. His Distinction between the Material and Formal in the Miracles. 137
§ 95. His Appeals to Miracles as Testimony. Three different Stages of Faith. 138
§ 96. The Communication of the Divine Life the highest Miracle. 140
CHAPTER VI.
THE MIRACLES OF CHRIST CONSIDERED IN REGARD TO SUPERNATURAL AGENCY.
§ 97. Transition from the Natural to the Supernatural in the Miracles. 140
A. MIRACLES WROUGHT UPON HUMAN NATURE.
I. The Healing of Diseases.
§ 98. Use of Spiritual Agencies. Faith demanded for the Cure. 141
§ 99. Use of Physical Agencies. 142
§ 100. Relation between Sin and Physical Evil. Jewish Idea of Punitive Justice. Christ’s Doctrine on the Subject. 143
II. Demoniacal Possession.
§ 101. Two extreme Theories Analogous Phenomena. 145
§ 102. Connexion of the Phenomena with the State of the Times. 146
§ 103. Accommodation of the two extreme Theories. 147
§ 104. Christ’s Explanations of Demonism purely Spiritual. His Accommodation to the Conceptions of the Demoniacs. 149
§ 105. Differences between Christ’s Cures of Demoniacs and the Operations of the Jewish Exorcists. 150
III. The Raising of the Dead.
§ 106. Different Views on these Miracles. 151
B. MIRACLES WROUGHT UPON MATERIAL NATURE.
§ 107. Most obvious Manifestations of Supernatural Power. 152
BOOK V.
THE PUBLIC MINISTRY OF CHRIST ACCORDING TO ITS CHRONOLOGICAL CONNEXION.
INTRODUCTION.
ON THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE SYNOPTICAL GOSPELS AND JOHN.
§ 108. Differences in Chronology. 155
§ 109. Differences as to the Theatre of Christ’s Labours. 155
§ 110. Proof that Christ frequently exercised his Ministry in Judea and Jerusalem. 156
PART I.
FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF CHRIST’S PUBLIC MINISTRY TO THE TRIUMPHAL ENTRY.
CHAPTER I.
JESUS AND JOHN THE BAPTIST. THE FIRST DISCIPLES.
§ 111. Message of the Sanhedrim to John at Bethabara. 159
§ 112. John points to Jesus as the Suffering Messiah, and testifies to his Higher Dignity. 160
§ 113. John and Andrew, Disciples of the Baptist, attach themselves to Jesus. Gradual Attraction of others. 162
CHAPTER II.
FIRST PUBLIC TEACHING OF CHRIST. CAPERNAUM.
§ 114. Miraculous Draught of Fishes. Effect on Peter, Andrew, James, and John. 162
§ 115. The Calling of Nathanael. 164
CHAPTER III.
CHRIST AT CANA.
§ 116. The Water changed into Wine. Character and Import of the Miracle. 166
CHAPTER IV.
FIRST JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM TO ATTEND THE FEAST OF PASSOVER.
§ 117. The Cleansing of the Temple. 168
§ 118. The Saying of Christ, “Destroy this Temple,” &c. 170
§ 119. Christ and Nicodemus. 173
  (1) Dispositions of the Pharisees and People: of Nicodemus. 173
  (2) The New Birth. 174
  (3) The Birth of “Water and the Spirit” 175
  (4) Christ intimates his own Sufferings. 177
CHAPTER V.
JESUS AT ÆNON, NEAR SALIM.
§ 120. Jealousy of John’s Disciples. Final Testimony of the Baptist. His Imprisonment. 178
CHAPTER VI.
RETURN THROUGH SAMARIA TO GALILEE: THE SAMARITAN WOMAN.
§ 121. First Impressions of the Samaritan Woman. 180
§ 122. Christ’s Decision between the Worship of the Jews and that of the Samaritans. 181
§ 123. The Worship of God in “Spirit and in Truth” 182
§ 124. Bearing of the Spiritual Worship upon Practical Life. 183
§ 125. Christ Glances at the future Progress of his Kingdom, and at his own Death. 184
§ 126. Subsequent State of the Samaritans. 185
CHAPTER VII.
CHRIST’S FIRST GENERAL MINISTRY IN GALILEE.
§ 127. Christ heals the Nobleman’s Son. Chooses Capernaum as his Abode. 185
§ 128. Christ appears in the Synagogue at Nazareth. His Life is Endangered 186
§ 129. Parable of the Sower. Christ’s Explanation of it. 188
§ 130. Parable of the Draw-net: of the Wheat and Tares. 190
§ 131. Christ subdues the Storm. Character of the Miracle. Its moral Import. 191
§ 132. The Gadarene Demoniac. 192
§ 133. Return to the west Side of the Sea. Healing of the Issue of Blood. 195
§ 134. Raising of Jairus’s Daughter, and of the Widow’s Son at Nain. 196
§ 135. Doubts of John Baptist in Prison. His Message. Christ’s Testimony concerning Him. Relation of Old and New Dispensations. 198
§ 136. Relation of the People to the Baptist and to Christ. The Easy Yoke and the Light Burden. Jewish Legalism contrasted with Christian Liberty. 201
§ 137. Christ’s Conversation with the Pharisees in regard to his Disciples’ Mode of Life. The Morals of Fasting. 203
§ 138. Parable of the New Patch on the Old Garment: of the New Wine in Old Bottles. 205
§ 139. Forms of Prayer. The Lord’s Prayer. 208
§ 140. Christ and the Magdalen at Simon’s House. Reciprocal Action of Love and Faith in the Forgiveness of Sins. 211
§ 141. Call of Matthew the Publican. The Feast. 213
§ 142. Christ’s different Modes of Reply to those who questioned his Conduct in consorting with Sinners. Parable of the Prodigal Son: of the Pharisee and Publican. 214
CHAPTER VIII.
CHRIST’S SECOND JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM.
§ 143. The Miracle of the Pool of Bethesda. The Words of Christ in the Temple to the Man healed. 217
§ 144. Christ accused of Sabbath-breaking and Blasphemy. His Discourse in Vindication. 218
§ 145. The Discourse continued: Christ intimates his greater Works. His Judgment, and the Resurrection. 219
§ 146. The Discourse continued: Christ Appeals to the Testimony of his Works. 220
§ 147. The Discourse continued: Incapacity of the Jews to Understand the Testimony of God in the Scriptures. 221
CHAPTER IX.
CHRIST’S SECOND COURSE OF EXTENDED LABOUR IN GALILEE.
The Sermon on the Mount.
Introduction.
§ 148. (1) Place and Circumstances. 223
  (2) Subject-matter of the Sermon; viz., the Kingdom of God as the Aim of the Old Dispensation. 223
  (3) Two Editions of the Sermon: Matthew’s and Luke’s. 224
  (4) Its Pervading Rebuke of Carnal Conceptions of the Messiahship. 224
I. The Beatitudes.
§ 149. Moral Requisites for Entering the Kingdom of God. 224
  (1) Poverty of Spirit. 224
  (2) Meekness. 225
  (3) Hungering and Thirsting after Righteousness. 226
§ 150. Moral Result of Entering the Kingdom. “The Pure in Heart see God 226
§ 151. Moral Relations of the Members of the Kingdom to their Fellow-men; viz., they are “Peace-makers,” and “Persecuted” 227
II. Influence of the Members of the Kingdom of God in Renewing the World.
§ 152. The Disciples of Christ the “Light” and “Salt” of the Earth. 228
III. The Law of Christian Life the Fufilment of the Old Law.
§ 153. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets. 229
§ 154. Fulfilling the Law in the Higher Sense. General Contrast between the Juridical and Moral Stand-points. 231
§ 155. Fulfilling the Law in the Higher Sense. Special Examples, viz., (1.) Murder; (2.) Adultery; (3.) Divorce; (4.) Perjury; (5.) Revenge; (6.) National Exclusiveness. 232
IV. True Religion contrasted with the Mock Piety of the Pharisees.
§ 156. (1.) Alms, Prayer, and Fasting; (2.) Rigid Judgment of Self, Mild Judgment of others; (3.) Test of Sincerity. 235
V. Warning to the Children of the Kingdom.
§ 157. Exhortation to Self-denial. Warning against Seducers. 236
VI. True and False Disciples Contrasted.
§ 158. Test of Discipleship. 237
§ 159. Healing of the Leper on the Way to Capernaum. 237
§ 160. Healing of the Centurion’s Slave at Capernaum. 238
§ 161. Healing of the Deaf and Dumb Demoniac. Charge of a League with Beelzebub refuted. 239
§ 162. Conjurations of the Jewish Exorcists. 241
§ 163. Blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, and against the Son of Man. 243
§ 164. Purpose of Christ’s Relatives to confine him as a Lunatic. 244
§ 165. Demand for a Sign answered by “the Sign of the Prophet Jonah” 245
§ 166. Discourse at a Feast against the Pharisees and Lawyers. 246
§ 167. The Disciples Warned against the Pharisees. Power of Truth. 248
§ 168. Christ Heals a Paralytic at Capernaum. Charge of Blasphemy Repelled. 250
§ 169. Withered Hand healed on the Sabbath. Objections anticipated. 252
§ 170. Infirm Woman healed on the Sabbath. Pharisees disconcerted. 253
§ 171. Precedence at Feasts. Parable of the Great Supper. 254
§ 172. The Pharisees attack the Disciples for plucking Corn on the Sabbath. Christ defends them. 255
§ 173. Discourse against the merely outward Cleanliness of the Pharisees. 256
§ 174. Trial Mission of the Apostles in Galilee. 257
  (1) Objects of the Mission. Powers of the Missionaries. 257
  (2) Instructions to the Missionaries. Reasons for the Exclusion of Samaritans and Heathen. 258
  (3) Instructions continued: the Apostles to rely on Providence. 260
§ 175. Various Opinions entertained of Jesus. 260
§ 176. Return of the Apostles. Feeding of the Five Thousand. 261
§ 177. Christ Walks upon the Waters. 264
§ 178. Christ in the Synagogue at Capernaum. 265
  (1) Carnal Mind of the Multitude rebuked. 265
  (2) Christ is the “Bread of Life” 266
  (3) Eating, Christ’s Flesh and Drinking his Blood. 267
  (4) Sifting of the Apostles. Confession of Peter. 269
CHAPTER X.
JESUS IN NORTH GALILEE, AND ON THE WAY TO CESAREA PHILIPPI.
§ 179. Reasons of the Journey. 270
§ 180. Blind Man cured at Bethsaida. Peter’s Second Confession. Power of the Keys. 270
§ 181. The Disciples forbidden to reveal Christ’s Messianic Dignity. Peter’s Weakness rebuked. 272
§ 182. Monitions to the Apostles. 273
  (1) Wisdom of Serpents and Harmlessness of Doves. 273
  (2) Parable of the Unjust Steward. 274
  (3) “Friends of the Mammon of Unrighteousness” 275
§ 183. Caution against imprudent Zeal. 277
§ 184. The Syro-Phoenician Woman. (1.) Her Prayer; (2.) Her Repulse; (3.) Her persevering Faith; (4.) The Result. 279
§ 185. The Transfiguration. 281
§ 186. Elias a Forerunner of Messiah. 283
§ 187. Cure of a Demoniac, after vain Attempts of the Disciples. 283
§ 188. The Disciples’ Failure explained. The Power of Faith. Prayer and Fasting. 285
§ 189. Return to Capernaum. Dispute for Precedence. The Child a Pattern. Acting in the Name of Christ. 286
§ 190. Christ’s two Sayings, “He that is not against you is for you;” and, “He that is not for me is against me” 288
§ 191. The Stater in the Fish 290
CHAPTER XI.
CHRIST’S JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM TO ATTEND THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES.
§ 192. His Precautions against the Sanhedrim. 291
§ 193. Christ Explains the Nature of his Teaching as Divine Revelation. 292
§ 194. The Pharisees attempt to arrest Him. 293
§ 195. Christ a “Spring of Living Water,” and the “Light of the World.” Validity of his Testimony of Himself. 294
§ 196. Connexion between Steadfastness, Truth, and Freedom. 296
§ 197. Vain Attempts of the Sanhedrim. First Decision against Christ. 297
§ 198. Man born Blind healed on the Sabbath. Individual Sufferings not to be judged a Punishment for Sin. 298
§ 199. Attempts of the Sanhedrim to corrupt the restored Man. “The Sight of the Blind, and the Blindness of the Seeing.” 300
§ 200. Parable of the Good Shepherd. The Parable extended. 301
§ 201. Divisions among the People. Christ returns to Galilee. 302
CHAPTER XII.
RETURN FROM CAPERNAUM TO JERUSALEM THROUGH SAMARIA.
§ 202. Reasons for the Journey through Samaria. 303
§ 203. Mission of the Seventy. Significance of the Number. 304
§ 204. Instructions to the Seventy. The Wo to the Unbelieving Cities. 305
§ 205. Exultation of the Disciples. Christ warns them against Vanity. 306
§ 206. The Kingdom revealed to Babes. Blessedness of the Disciples in beholding it. 307
§ 207. Requisites of Discipleship. Self-Denial, Submission, taking up the Cross. 309
§ 208. Self-Denial further illustrated: Parables of the building of the Tower, of the Warring King, of the Sacrificial Salt, of the Treasure hid in a Field, of the Pearl of Great Price. 311
§ 209. Christ refuses to interfere in Civil Disputes. His Decision in the Case of the Adulteress. 312
§ 210. Christ Intimates the Future. 314
§ 211. Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Leaven. 314
§ 212. The Fire to be Kindled. The Baptism of Sufferings. Christianity not Peace, but a Sword. 315
§ 213. The Kingdom of God cometh not with Observation. 317
§ 214. Christ’s personal Return and the Day of Judgment. 317
§ 215. Exhortation to Watch for Christ’s Coming. The importunate Widow 318
§ 216. Call to entire Devotion. The Straight Gate. 319
§ 217. The Signs of the Times. 320
§ 218. The contracted Jewish Theocracy Rejected. 321
§ 219. Parable of Dives and Lazarus. 321
§ 220. Persecutions of Herod Antipas. 323
§ 221. Christ Speaks of his Death. 323
§ 222. Healing of the Ten Lepers. Ingratitude of the Nine. Gratitude of tie one Samaritan. 324
CHAPTER XIII.
CHRIST’S STAY AT JERUSALEM DURING THE FEAST OF DEDICATION.
§ 223. His Statement of the Proofs of his Messiahship. His Oneness with the Father. He defends his Words from the Old Testament. 326
CHAPTER XIV.
CHRIST IN PERÆA (BETHABARA).
§ 224. His Decision on the Question of Divorce. Celibacy. 328
§ 225. The Blessing of Little Children. 331
§ 226. Conversation with the rich Ruler of the Synagogue. 332
§ 227. The Dangers of Wealth. 334
§ 228. The Reign of Believers with Christ. 335
CHAPTER XV.
CHRIST IN BETHANY.
§ 229. Family of Lazarus. Martha and Mary. Their different Tendencies. 336
§ 230. Sickness of Lazarus. Christ’s Reply, to the Messengers. 337
§ 231. Death of Lazarus. Christ’s Conversation with the Disciples in regard to it. 338
§ 232. Death of Lazarus. Christ’s Conversation with Martha; with Mary. 340
§ 233. Resurrection of Lazarus. Christ’s Prayer. 342
§ 234. Measures of the Sanhedrim. 343
CHAPTER XVI.
CHRIST IN EPHRAIM.
§ 235. The Necessity for his Death. 344
CHAPTER XVII.
CHRIST’S LAST PASSOVER JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM.
§ 236. Journey to Jericho. Blind Bartimeus. 345
§ 237. Christ Lodges with Zaccheus. 346
§ 238. The Request of Salome. Ambition of the Disciples rebuked. 347
§ 239. Parable of the Pounds. 348
§ 240. Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard. 349
§ 241. Passion for Rewards rebuked. 350
§ 242. Christ Anointed by Mary in Bethany. 351
PART II.
FROM THE TRIUMPHAL ENTRY TO THE ASCENSION.
CHAPTER I.
FROM THE TRIUMPHAL ENTRY TO THE LAST SUPPER
§ 243. The Entry into Jerusalem. 354
§ 244. Sadness of Christ at Sight of the City. 356
§ 245. The Fig-tree Cursed. Parable of the Fig-tree. 357
§ 246. Machinations of the Pharisees. 359
§ 247. Union of the Pharisees and Herodians. Tribute to Caesar. 360
§ 248. Christ’s Reply to the Pharisees about the Resurrection. 361
§ 249. His Exposition of the First and Great Commandment. 362
§ 250. Parable of the Good Samaritan. 363
§ 251. Christ’s Interpretation of Psalm cx., 1. 364
§ 252. The Widow’s Mite. 366
§ 253. Christ predicts the Divine Judgments upon Jerusalem. 366
§ 254. He predicts the Coming of the Kingdom, and the Second Advent. 367
§ 255. Parable of the Marriage Feast of the King’s Son. 369
§ 256. Parable of the wicked Vine-dressers. 371
§ 257. Parable of the Talents compared with that of the Pounds. 372
§ 258. Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins. 373
§ 259. Christ teaches that Faith must prove itself by Works. 373
§ 260. The Heathens with Christ. 375
§ 261. Christ’s Struggles of Soul. The Voice from Heaven. 376
§ 262. Christ closes his Public Ministry. 378
§ 263. Machinations of his Enemies. 378
§ 264. Motives of Judas in Betraying Christ. 379  
  (1) Avarice? 380
  (2) False Views of Christ’s Messiahship? 381
  (3) Gradually developed Hostility? 383
CHAPTER II.
THE LAST SUPPER.
§ 265. Object of Christ in the Last Supper. 384
§ 266. Christ’s washing of the Disciples’ Feet. 386
§ 267. His Words with, and concerning, his Betrayer. 387
§ 268. Institution of the Eucharist. 388
CHAPTER III.
CHRIST’S LAST DISCOURSES AT TABLE WITH THE DISCIPLES.
§ 269. The New Commandment. 391
§ 270. The Request of Peter: Christ predicts his Denial. 392
§ 271. He predicts Danger to his Disciples. 392
§ 272. He consoles the Disciples. 394
§ 273. Conversation with Philip and Thomas. 395
§ 274. Of Prayer in the Name of Christ. He promises the Comforter. 397
§ 275. Christ’s Salutation of “Peace.” Its Import. 398
CHAPTER IV.
DISCOURSES OF CHRIST AFTER RISING FROM TABLE.
§ 276. Similitude of the Vine and Branches. The Law of Love. 399
§ 277. Final Promise of the Holy Ghost. 400
§ 278. Christ’s Prayer as High-priest. 402
CHAPTER V.
GETHSEMANE.
§ 279. Comparison of John’s Gospel with the Synoptical Gospels. 404
§ 280. The Agony in the Garden. 407
§ 281. The Arrest. Peter’s Haste rebuked. 408
CHAPTER VI.
THE TRIAL AND CONDEMNATION.
§ 282. Night. Examination before Annas 410
§ 283. Morning. Examination before Caiaphas. 411
§ 284. Double-dealing of the Sanhedrim. 412
§ 285. Christ before Pilate. His Kingdom not of this World. 413
§ 286. Christ sent to Herod. 415
§ 287. Pilate’s Fruitless Efforts to save Christ. Dream of Pilate’s Wife. 415
§ 288. Last Conversation with Pilate. The Sentence. 416
§ 289. Christ led to Calvary. Simon of Cyrene. 417
CHAPTER VII.
THE CRUCIFIXION.
§ 290. Details of the Crucifixion. 418
§ 291. Christ prays for his Enemies. The two Thieves. 419
§ 292. Christ’s Exclamation, Psalm xxii. His last Words. 420
§ 293. Phenomena accompanying the Death of Christ. 421
CHAPTER VIII.
THE RESURRECTION.
§ 294. Did Christ predict his Resurrection? 422
§ 295. Sudden Transition of the Apostles from Dejection to Joy. Argument from this. 423
§ 296. Was the Reappearance of Christ a Vision? 424
§ 297. Was Christ’s a real Death? 425
§ 298. The Resurrection intended only for Believers. 428
§ 299. The Women, Peter, and John at the Grave. 428
§ 300. Christ appears to the Women to Mary; to the two Disciples on the Way to Emmaus. 429
§ 301. Christ appears to Peter; to all the Apostles except Thomas. 431
§ 302. Christ appears to five hundred Believers; to James; to all the Apostles. Conversation with Thomas. 432
§ 303. Christ appears in Galilee to the Seven on Genesareth. 434
§ 304. Christ appears in Galilee for the last Time. 435
§ 305. Christ appears for the last Time near Jerusalem. 435
CHAPTER IX.
THE ASCENSION.
§ 306. Connexion of the Ascension with the Resurrection. 436
§ 307. The Ascension necessary for the Conviction of the Apostles. 437
§ 308. Connexion of all the supernatural Facts in Christ’s Manifestation. 438
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