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John Lightfoot

English Churchman and Rabbinical Scholar

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John Lightfoot (29 March 1602 – 6 December 1675) was an English churchman, rabbinical scholar, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge and Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge.

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March 29, 1602
December 6, 1675
Ely, England
Commentaries, Criticism (interpretation), Early works, History, Names in the Bible


 John Lightfoot
Source: Wikipedia

John Lightfoot (March 29, 1602 – December 6, 1675) served as an English churchman, rabbinical scholar, and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. He experienced great oratorical success earlier in life. After serving in a variety of positions in a handful of churches, he moved to London where became minister of St. Bartholomew’s Church and where he completed the work entitled, A Few and New Observations upon the Book of Genesis: the most of them certain; the rest, probable; all, harmless, strange and rarely heard of before.

An original member of the Westminster Assembly, Lightfoot later became the vice-chancellor of the University of Cambridge and received the mastership of Catherin Hall. In addition to the church offices held, Lightfoot is remembered for completed a half dozen works, one of which is found in the CCEL collection: Form the Talmud and Hebraica.


Works by John Lightfoot

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J.B. Lightfoot’s collection and translation of many of the works of the Apostolic fathers is a must-read for anyone wanting to expand his or her knowledge of early Christian thought and the theological roots of our faith. This book is largely comprehensive in its inclusion of the earliest Church documents. From the stirring writings of the martyr Polycarp to the questions raised by Ignatius as to where congregations were heading, this text is both an informative window to the past and a relevant challenge to the Church today. It soon becomes evident that the theological and ministry-related questions being raised today are questions Christians have been wrestling with for centuries. These early church fathers present some well-thought-out and gracious answers, making this an important read for the pastor, scholar, and lay-Christian alike.

The Talmud is the main text of Judaism (other than the Old Testament). It contains rabbinical teachings on the Bible and Jewish law, philosophy, history, ethics, customs, and tradition. John Lightfoot began the task of relating the Talmud to the text of the New Testament. He hoped to help modern New Testament readers better understand the Jewish historical and cultural background behind the text. By commenting on the Jewish traits of first century culture, Lightfoot is able to bring new context to readers. Lightfoot passed away before he could finish this monumental task, but he completed large volumes of verse-by-verse commentary on the Gospels. From the Talmud and Hebraica (Hebraica refers to the Hebrew language) is a beneficial source for new perspectives on the New Testament.

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Works published about John Lightfoot


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