Plucking Corn-ears on the Sabbath.
(See on Mt 12:1-8 and Mr 2:23-28.)
1. second sabbath after the first—an
obscure expression, occurring here only, generally understood to mean,
the first sabbath after the second day of unleavened bread. The reasons
cannot be stated here, nor is the opinion itself quite free from
5. Lord also—rather "even" (as in Mt 12:8).
of the sabbath—as naked a claim to
all the authority of Him who gave the law at Mount Sinai as
could possibly be made; that is, "I have said enough to vindicate the
men ye carp at on My account: but in this place is the Lord of the
law, and they have His sanction." (See Mr 2:28.)
Withered Hand Healed.
(See on Mt 12:9-15 and Mr 3:1-7.)
7. watched whether, &c.—In Matthew
12:9) this is put as an
ensnaring question of theirs to our Lord, who accordingly speaks to
the state of their hearts (Lu 6:9), just as if they had spoken it out.
9. good, or … evil, save … or
destroy—By this novel way of putting His case, our Lord
teaches the great ethical principle, that to neglect any opportunity
of doing good is to incur the guilt of doing evil; and by this law
He bound His own spirit. (See Mr 3:4.)
11. filled with madness—The word denotes
senseless rage at the confusion to which our Lord had put them, both by
word and deed.
what … do to Jesus—not so much
whether to get rid of Him, but how to compass it. (See on
Lu 6:12-49. The Twelve
12, 13. went out—probably from
all night in prayer … and when …
day, he called, &c.—The work with which the next
day began shows what had been the burden of this night's
devotions. As He directed His disciples to pray for "laborers" just
before sending themselves forth (see on Mt 9:37;
Mt 10:1), so here we find the Lord Himself in
prolonged communion with His Father in preparation for the solemn
appointment of those men who were to give birth to His Church, and from
whom the world in all time was to take a new mould. How instructive is
13-16. (See on Mt
17. in the plain—by some rendered "on a
level place," that is, a piece of high tableland, by which they
understand the same thing, as "on the mountain," where our Lord
delivered the sermon recorded by Matthew (Mt 5:1), of which they take this following
discourse of Luke to be but an abridged form. But as the sense given in
our version is the more accurate, so there are weighty reasons for
considering the discourses different. This one contains little more
than a fourth of the other; it has woes of its own, as well as the
beatitudes common to both; but above all, that of Matthew was plainly
delivered a good while before, while this was spoken
after the choice of the twelve; and as we know that our Lord
delivered some of His weightiest sayings more than once, there is no
difficulty in supposing this to be one of His more extended
repetitions; nor could anything be more worthy of it.
19. healed—kept healing, denoting
successive acts of mercy till it went over "all" that needed.
There is something unusually grand and pictorial in this touch of
20, 21. In the Sermon on the Mount the
benediction is pronounced upon the "poor in spirit" and those
who "hunger and thirst after righteousness" (Mt 5:3, 6). Here it is simply on the "poor" and
the "hungry now." In this form of the discourse, then, our Lord seems
to have had in view "the poor of this world, rich in faith, and
heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love Him," as
these very beatitudes are paraphrased by James (Jas 2:5).
21. laugh—How charming is the liveliness
of this word, to express what in Matthew is called being
22. separate you—whether from their
Church, by excommunication, or from their society; both hard to
flesh and blood.
for the Son of man's sake—Compare
Mt 5:11, "for My
sake"; and immediately before, "for righteousness' sake"
6:10). Christ thus binds
up the cause of righteousness in the world with the reception of
23. leap for joy—a livelier word than
"be exceeding glad" of "exult" (Mt 5:12).
24, 25. rich … full …
laugh—who have all their good things and joyous feelings
here and now, in perishable objects.
received your consolation—(see on Lu 16:25).
shall hunger—their inward craving
strong as ever, but the materials of satisfaction forever gone.
26. all … speak well of
you—alluding to the court paid to the false prophets of old
2:11). For the principle of
this woe, and its proper limits, see Joh 15:19.
27-36. (See on Mt
5:44-48; Mt 7:12; and Mt
37, 38. See on Mt 7:1, 2;
but this is much fuller and more graphic.
39. Can the blind, &c.—not in the
Sermon on the Mount, but recorded by Matthew in another and very
striking connection (Mt 15:14).
40. The disciple, &c.—that is, "The
disciple aims to come up to his master, and he thinks himself complete
when he does so: if you then be blind leaders of the blind, the
perfection of one's training under you will only land him the more
certainly in one common ruin with yourselves."
41-49. (See on Mt 7:3-5,