Jer 33:1-26. Prophecy of the
Restoration from Babylon, and of Messiah as King and Priest.
1. shut up—(Jer 32:2, 3;
2Ti 2:9). Though Jeremiah was
shut up in bondage, the word of God was "not bound."
2. maker thereof—rather, "the doer of
it," namely, that which Jeremiah is about to prophesy, the restoration
of Israel, an act which is thought now impossible, but which the
Almighty will effect.
formed it—namely, Jerusalem (Jer 32:44) [Calvin]. Rather, "that formed," that is, moulds
His purpose into due shape for execution (Isa 37:26).
Lord … his name—(Ex 3:14, 15).
3. Call … I will answer—(Jer
29:12; Ps 91:15). Jeremiah,
as the representative of the people of God, is urged by God to pray for
that which God has determined to grant; namely, the restoration. God's
promises are not to slacken, but to quicken the prayers of His people
(Ps 132:13, 17; Isa 62:6, 7).
"inaccessible things," that is, incredible, hard to man's understanding
[Maurer], namely, the restoration of the
Jews, an event despaired of. "Hidden," or "recondite" [Piscator].
thou knowest not—Yet God had revealed
those things to Jeremiah, but the unbelief of the people in rejecting
the grace of God had caused him to forget God's promise, as though the
case of the people admitted of no remedy.
4. houses … thrown down by the
mounts—namely, by the missiles cast from the besiegers'
mounds (Jer 32:24);
"and by the sword" follows properly, as, after missiles had prepared
the way, the foe next advanced to close quarters "with the sword."
5. They—the Jews; the defenders of the
"houses" (Jer 33:4),
"come forward to fight with the Chaldeans," who burst into the city
through the "thrown-down houses," but all the effect that they produce
"is, to fill them (the houses) with" their own "dead bodies."
6. (Jer 30:17). The answer to Jeremiah's mournful
question (Jer 8:22).
cure—literally, the long linen bandage
employed in dressing wounds.
truth—that is, stability; I will bring
forth for them abundant and permanent peace, that is,
7. cause … to return—that is,
reverse (Jer 33:11; Jer 32:44). The specification, both of "Judah" and
"Israel," can only apply fully to the future restoration.
as at the first—(Isa 1:26).
8. cleanse—(Eze 36:25; Zec 13:1; Heb 9:13, 14). Alluding to the legal rites of
all their iniquity … all their
iniquities—both the principle of sin within, and its
outward manifestations in acts. The repetition is in order that
the Jews may consider how great is the grace of God in not merely
pardoning (as to the punishment), but also cleansing them
(as to the pollution of guilt); not merely one iniquity, but all
9. it—the city.
a name … a praise—(Jer 13:11;
them—the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
they shall fear … for all the
The Gentiles shall be led to "fear" God by the proofs of His power
displayed in behalf of the Jews; the ungodly among them shall "tremble"
for fear of God's judgments on them; the penitent shall reverentially
fear and be converted to Him (Ps 102:15; Isa 60:3).
10. ye say … desolate—(Jer 32:43).
11. (Jer 7:34; 16:9).
Praise the Lord, &c.—the words of
136:1, which were actually
used by the Jews at their restoration (Ezr 3:11).
sacrifice of praise—(Ps 107:22;
116:17). This shall continue
when all other sacrifices shall be at an end.
12. habitation of shepherds …
flocks—in contrast to Jer 33:10, "without man … inhabitant
… without beast" (Jer 32:43; compare Jer 31:24; 50:19; Isa
13. pass … under … hands of him that
telleth them—Shepherds, in sending forth and bringing back
their sheep to the folds, count them by striking each as it
passes with a rod, implying the shepherd's provident care that not one
should be lost (Le 27:32; Mic 7:14; compare Joh 10:28, 29; 17:12).
14. perform—"I will make to
rise"; God's promise having for a time seemed to "lie" dead and
15. Repeated from Jer 23:5.
the land—the Holy Land: Israel and
16. Jerusalem—In Jer 23:6, instead of this, it is "Israel."
"The name" in the Hebrew has here to be supplied from
that passage; and for "he" (Messiah, the antitypical "Israel"), the
antecedent there (Isa 49:3), we
have "she" here, that is, Jerusalem. She is called by the same name as
Messiah, "The Lord Our Righteousness," by virtue of the mystical
oneness between her (as the literal representative of the spiritual
Church) and her Lord and Husband. Thus, whatever belongs to the Head
belongs also to the members (Eph 5:30, 32). Hence, the Church is called "Christ"
(Ro 16:7; 1Co 12:12). The Church hereby professes to draw
all her righteousness from Christ (Isa 45:24, 25). It is for the sake of Jerusalem,
literal and spiritual, that God the Father gives this name (Jehovah,
Tsidkenu, "The Lord our Righteousness") to Christ.
17. The promises of perpetuity of the throne
of David fulfilled in Messiah, the son of David (2Sa 7:16; 1Ki 2:4; Ps 89:4, 29, 36; compare Lu 1:32, 33).
18. Messiah's literal priesthood (Heb 7:17, 21,
24-28), and His followers'
spiritual priesthood and sacrifices (Jer 33:11;
Ro 12:1; 15:16; 1Pe 2:5, 9; Re 1:6), shall never cease, according to the
covenant with Levi, broken by the priests, but fulfilled by
Messiah (Nu 25:12, 13; Mal 2:4, 5, 8).
20. covenant of the day—that is,
covenant with the day: answering to "covenant with David"
33:21, also Jer 33:25, "with day"; compare Jer 31:35, 36; Le 26:42; Ps 89:34, 37).
22. (Ge 15:5; 22:17). The blessing there promised belonged
to all the tribes; here it is restricted to the family of David
and the tribe of Levi, because it was on these that the welfare of the
whole people rested. When the kingdom and priesthood flourish in the
person of Messiah, the whole nation shall temporally and spiritually
24. this people—certain of the Jews,
especially those who spoke with Jeremiah in the court of the prison
the two families—Judah and Israel.
before them—in their judgment. They
suppose that I have utterly cast off Israel so as to he no more a
nation. The expression, "My people," of itself, shows God has
not cast off Israel for ever.
25. (Jer 31:35, 36; Ge
8:22; Ps 74:16, 17). I who
have established the laws of nature am the same God who has made a
covenant with the Church.
26. Isaac—(Ps 105:9; Am