Ps 37:1-40. A composed and uniform trust in God and
a constant course of integrity are urged in view of the blessedness of
the truly pious, contrasted in various aspects with the final ruin of
the wicked. Thus the wisdom and justice of God's providence are
vindicated, and its seeming inequalities, which excite the cavils of
the wicked and the distrust of the pious, are explained. David's
personal history abundantly illustrates the Psalm.
1, 2. The general sentiment of the whole Psalm
is expressed. The righteous need not be vexed by the prosperity of the
wicked; for it is transient, and their destiny undesirable.
3. Trust—sure of safety.
shalt thou dwell—or, "dwell thou";
verily … fed—or, "feed on
truth," God's promise (Ps 36:5;
4. desires—(Ps 20:5; 21:2), what is lawful and right, really
5. Commit thy way—(Pr 16:3). Works—what you have to do
and cannot set forth as a burden.
trust … in him—literally, "on
Him." He will do what you cannot (compare Ps 22:8; 31:6). He will not suffer your
character to remain under suspicion.
7, 8. Rest in—literally, "Be silent to
and wait—Be submissive—avoid
petulance and murmurings, anger and rash doing.
9. Two reasons: The prosperity of the wicked
is short; and the pious, by humble trust, will secure all covenant
blessing, denoted here by "inherit the earth" (compare Ps 25:13).
10, 11. shall not be—literally, "is
not"—is not to be found.
11. peace—includes prosperity.
12. gnasheth … teeth—in beastly
13. (Compare Ps 2:4).
his day—of punishment, long delayed,
shall yet come (Heb 10:37).
14, 15. sword, and … bow—for any
instruments of violence.
slay—literally, "slaughter" (1Sa 25:11).
poor and needy—God's people (Ps 10:17;
12:5). The punishment of the
wicked as drawn on themselves—often mentioned (compare Ps 7:15,
16. riches—literally, "noise and
tumult," as incidental to much wealth (compare Ps 39:6). Thus the contrast with the "little" of
one man is more vivid.
17. Even the members of the body needed to
hold weapons are destroyed.
18, 19. God, who knows His people's changes,
provides against evil and supplies all their need.
20. While the wicked, however mighty, are
destroyed, and that utterly, as smoke which vanishes and leaves no
21, 22. payeth not—not able; having
grown poor (compare De 15:7).
Ability of the one and inability of the other do not exclude moral
dispositions. God's blessing or cursing makes the difference.
22. cut off—opposed to "inherit the
earth" (compare Le 7:20, 21).
23, 24. steps—way, or, "course of life";
as ordered by God, failures will not be permanent.
26. his seed is blessed—literally, "for
a blessing" (Ge 12:2; Ps 21:6). This position is still true as the
rule of God's economy (1Ti 4:8; 6:6).
27-29. The exhortation is sustained by the
assurance of God's essential rectitude in that providential government
which provides perpetual blessings for the good, and perpetual misery
for the wicked.
30, 31. The righteous described as to the
elements of character, thought, word, and action.
31. steps—or, "goings"—for conduct
which is unwavering (Ps 18:36).
32, 33. The devices of the wicked against the
good fail because God acquits them.
34. On the contrary, the good are not only
blessed, but made to see the ruin of their foes.
35, 36. of which a picture is given, under the
figure of a flourishing tree (compare Margin), which soon
36. he was not—(Compare Ps 37:10).
37. By "the end" is meant reward (Pr 23:18;
24:14), or expectation of
success, as in Ps 37:38,
which describes the end of the wicked in contrast, and that is
cut off (compare Ps 73:17).
38. together—at once; entirely (Ps 4:8).
39, 40. strength—(Ps 27:1; 28:8).
trouble—straits (Ps 9:9; 10:1). In trust and quietness is the
salvation of the pious from all foes and all their devices.