David probably composed this Psalm to express the prayers of the pious
for his success as at once the head of the Church and nation. Like
other compositions of which David in such relations is the subject, its
sentiments have a permanent value—the prosperity of Christ's
kingdom being involved, as well as typified, in that of Israel and its
1. hear thee—graciously (Ps 4:1).
name of—or manifested perfections, as
power, wisdom, &c.
defend thee—set thee on high from
danger (Ps 9:9; 18:3).
2. strengthen thee—sustain in
conflict; even physical benefits may be included, as courage for war,
&c., as such may proceed from a sense of divine favor, secured in
the use of spiritual privileges.
3. all thy offerings—or gifts, vegetable
accept—literally, "turn to ashes"
(compare 1Ki 18:38).
Selah—(See on Ps
4. thy counsel—or plan.
5. salvation—that wrought and
experienced by him.
set up our banners—(Nu 2:3, 10). In usual sense, or, as some render,
"may we be made great."
6. He speaks as if suddenly assured of a
his anointed—not only David
personally, but as the specially appointed head of His Church.
his holy heaven—or, literally, "the
heavens of His holiness," where He resides (Ps 2:6; 11:4).
saving … hand—His power which
7. remember—or cause to remember,
mention thankfully (1Sa 17:45; Ps 33:16).
8. They—that is, who trust in horses,
stand upright—literally, "we have
straightened ourselves up from our distress and fears."
9. let the king hear—as God's
representative, delivered to deliver. Perhaps a better sense is, "Lord, save the king; hear us when we call," or