Ps 46:1-11. Upon Alamoth—most probably
denotes the treble, or part sung by female voices, the word
meaning "virgins"; and which was sung with some appropriately keyed
instrument (compare 1Ch 15:19-21; see on Ps 6:1,
title). The theme may be stated in Luther's well-known words, "A mighty fortress is our
God." The great deliverance (2Ki 19:35; Isa 37:36) may have occasioned its
1. refuge—literally, "a place of trust"
present help—literally, "a help He has
been found exceedingly."
trouble—as in Ps 18:7.
2, 3. The most violent civil commotions are
illustrated by the greatest physical commotions.
3. swelling—well represents the
pride and haughtiness of insolent foes.
4. God's favor is denoted by a river (compare
Ps 36:8; Zec 14:8; Re 22:1).
city of God, the holy place—His
earthly residence, Jerusalem and the temple (compare Ps 2:6;
3:4; 20:2; 48:2, &c.).
God's favor, like a river whose waters are conducted in channels, is
distributed to all parts of His Church.
most High—denoting His supremacy
5. right early—literally, "at the turn
of morning," or change from night to day, a critical time (Ps 30:5; compare Isa 37:36).
6. (Compare Ps 46:2).
earth melted—all powers dissolved by
His mere word (Ps 75:3; Ho 2:22).
7. with us—on our side; His presence is
terror to our enemies, safety to us.
refuge—high place (Ps 9:9; compare also Ps 24:6, 10).
8. what desolations—literally, "who hath
put desolations," destroying our enemies.
9. The usual weapons of war (Ps 7:12), as well as those using them, are
brought to an end.
10. Be still, &c.—literally, "Leave
off to oppose Me and vex My people. I am over all for their safety."
(Compare Isa 2:11; Eph 1:22).