Ps 81:1-16. Gittith—(See on Ps 8:1, title). A festal Psalm, probably for the passover
26:30), in which, after an
exhortation to praise God, He is introduced, reminding Israel of their
obligations, chiding their neglect, and depicting the happy results of
1. our strength—(Ps 38:7).
2. unites the most joyful kinds of music,
vocal and instrumental.
3. the new moon—or the month.
the time appointed—(Compare Pr 7:20).
5. a testimony—The feasts, especially
the passover, attested God's relation to His people.
Joseph—for Israel (Ps 80:1).
went out through—or, "over," that is,
Israel in the exodus.
I heard—change of person. The writer
speaks for the nation.
language—literally, "lip" (Ps 14:1). An aggravation or element of
their distress that their oppressors were foreigners (De 28:49).
6. God's language alludes to the burdensome
slavery of the Israelites.
7. secret place—the cloud from which He
troubled the Egyptians (Ex 14:24).
proved thee—(Ps 7:10; 17:3)—tested their faith by the
8. (Compare Ps 50:7). The reproof follows to Ps 81:12.
if thou wilt hearken—He then propounds
the terms of His covenant: they should worship Him alone, who (Ps 81:10) had delivered them, and would
still confer all needed blessings.
11, 12. They failed, and He gave them up to
their own desires and hardness of heart (De 29:18; Pr 1:30; Ro
13-16. Obedience would have secured all
promised blessings and the subjection of foes. In this passage, "should
have," "would have," &c., are better, "should" and "would"
expressing God's intention at the time, that is, when they left