Entrance into the Ark.
1. And the Lord said unto Noah, Come thou and all
thy house into the ark—The ark was finished; and Noah now, in
the spirit of implicit faith, which had influenced his whole conduct,
waited for directions from God.
2, 3. Of every clean beast …
fowls—Pairs of every species of animals, except the tenants
of the deep, were to be taken for the preservation of their respective
kinds. This was the general rule of admission, only with regard to
those animals which are styled "clean," three pairs were to be taken,
whether of beasts or birds; and the reason was that their rapid
multiplication was a matter of the highest importance, when the earth
should be renovated, for their utility either as articles of food or as
employed in the service of man. But what was the use of the seventh? It
was manifestly reserved for sacrifice; and so that both during Noah's
residence in the ark, and after his return to dry land, provision was
made for celebrating the rites of worship according to the religion of
fallen man. He did not, like many, leave religion behind. He provided
for it during his protracted voyage.
4. For yet seven days—A week for a world
to repent! What a solemn pause! Did they laugh and ridicule his folly
still? He whose eyes saw and whose heart felt the full amount of human
iniquity and perverseness has told us of their reckless disregard
9. There went in two and two—Doubtless
they were led by a divine impulse. The number would not be so large as
at first sight one is apt to imagine. It has been calculated that there
are not more than three hundred distinct species of beasts and birds,
the immense varieties in regard to form, size, and color being
traceable to the influence of climate and other circumstances.
16. and the Lord shut him in—literally,
"covered him round about." The "shutting him in" intimated that Noah
had become the special object of divine care and protection, and that
to those without the season of grace was over (Mt 25:10).
17. the waters increased, and bare up the
ark—It seems to have been raised so gradually as to be
scarcely perceptible to its occupants.
20. Fifteen cubits upward … and the
mountains were covered—twenty-two and a half feet above the
summits of the highest hills. The language is not consistent with the
theory of a partial deluge.
21. all flesh died … fowl … cattle,
and … creeping thing—It has been a uniform principle in
the divine procedure, when judgments were abroad on the earth, to
include every thing connected with the sinful objects of His wrath
19:25; Ex 9:6). Besides, now
that the human race was reduced to one single family, it was necessary
that the beasts should be proportionally diminished, otherwise by their
numbers they would have acquired the ascendancy and overmastered the
few that were to repeople the world. Thus goodness was mingled with
severity; the Lord exercises judgment in wisdom and in wrath remembers
24. an hundred and fifty days—a period
of five months. Though long before that every living creature must have
been drowned, such a lengthened continuance of the flood was designed
to manifest God's stern displeasure at sin and sinners. Think of Noah
during such a crisis. We learn (Eze 14:14) that he was a man who lived and
breathed habitually in an atmosphere of devotion; and having in the
exercise of this high-toned faith made God his refuge, he did not fear
"though the waters roared and were troubled; though the mountains shook
with the swelling thereof" [Ps 46:3].