J O H N.
In this chapter we have the history of that
illustrious miracle which Christ wrought a little before his
death—the raising of Lazarus to life, which is recorded only by
this evangelist; for the other three confine themselves to what
Christ did in Galilee, where he resided most, and scarcely ever
carried their history into Jerusalem till the passion-week: whereas
John's memoirs relate chiefly to what passed at Jerusalem; this
passage therefore was reserved for his pen. Some suggest that, when
the other evangelists wrote, Lazarus was alive, and it would not
well agree either with his safety or with his humility to have it
recorded till now, when it is supposed he was dead. It is more
largely recorded than any other of Christ's miracles, not only
because there are many circumstances of it so very instructive and
the miracle of itself so great a proof of Christ's mission, but
because it was an earnest of that which was to be the crowning
proof of all—Christ's own resurrection. Here is, I. The tidings
sent to our Lord Jesus of the sickness of Lazarus, and his
entertainment of those tidings, ver. 1-16. II. The visit he made to
Lazarus's relations when he had heard of his death, and their
entertainment of the visit, ver.
17-32. III. The miracle wrought in the raising of
Lazarus from the dead, ver.
33-44. IV. The effect wrought by this miracle upon
others, ver. 45-57.