P S A L M S
The Spirit of Christ, which was in the prophets,
testifies in this psalm, as clearly and fully as any where in all
the Old Testament, "the sufferings of Christ and the glory that
should follow" (1 Pet. i.
11); of him, no doubt, David here speaks, and not of
himself, or any other man. Much of it is expressly applied to
Christ in the New Testament, all of it may be applied to him, and
some of it must be understood of him only. The providences of God
concerning David were so very extraordinary that we may suppose
there were some wise and good men who then could not but look upon
him as a figure of him that was to come. But the composition of his
psalms especially, in which he found himself wonderfully carried
out by the spirit of prophecy far beyond his own thought and
intention, was (we may suppose) an abundant satisfaction to himself
that he was not only a father of the Messiah, but a figure of him.
In this psalm he speaks, I. Of the humiliation of Christ (ver. 1-21), where David, as a type
of Christ, complains of the very calamitous condition he was in
upon many accounts. 1. He complains, and mixes comforts with his
complaints; he complains (ver. 1,
2), but comforts himself (ver. 3-5), complains again (ver. 6-8), but comforts himself
again, ver. 9, 10. 2. He
complains, and mixes prayers with his complaints; he complains of
the power and rage of his enemies (ver. 12, 13, 16, 18), of his own
bodily weakness and decay (ver.
14, 15, 17); but prays that God would not be far from
him (ver. 11, 19), that
he would save and deliver him, ver.
19-21. II. Of the exaltation of Christ, that his
undertaking should be for the glory of God (ver. 22-25), for the salvation and joy of
his people (ver. 26-29),
and for the perpetuating of his own kingdom, ver. 30, 31. In singing this psalm we must
keep our thoughts fixed upon Christ, and be so affected with his
sufferings as to experience the fellowship of them, and so affected
with his grace as to experience the power and influence of it.