P S A L M S
It was with reference to some great and surprising
deliverance of the people of God out of bondage and distress that
this psalm was penned, most likely their return out of Babylon in
Ezra's time. Though Babylon be not mentioned here (as it is,
Ps. cxxxvii.) yet their
captivity there was the most remarkable captivity both in itself
and as their return out of it was typical of our redemption by
Christ. Probably this psalm was penned by Ezra, or some of the
prophets that came up with the first. We read of singers of the
children of Asaph, that famous psalmist, who returned then,
Ezra ii. 41. It being a
song of ascents, in which the same things are twice repeated with
advancement (ver. 2, 3, and ver.
4, 5), it is put here among the rest of the psalms that
bear that title. I. Those that had returned out of captivity are
here called upon to be thankful, ver. 1-3. II. Those that were yet remaining
in captivity are here prayed for (ver.
4) and encouraged, ver.
5, 6. It will be easy, in singing this psalm, to apply
it either to any particular deliverance wrought for the church or
our own land or to the great work of our salvation by Christ.