E C C L E S I A S T E S
In this chapter we have, I. The inscription, or
title of the book, ver. 1.
II. The general doctrine of the vanity of the creature laid down
(ver. 2) and explained,
ver. 3. III. The proof of
this doctrine, taken, 1. From the shortness of human life and the
multitude of births and burials in this life, ver. 4. 2. From the inconstant nature, and
constant revolutions, of all the creatures, and the perpetual flux
and reflux they are in, the sun, wind, and water, ver. 5-7. 3. From the abundant toil
man has about them and the little satisfaction he has in them,
ver. 8. 4. From the return of
the same things again, which shows the end of all perfection, and
that the stock is exhausted, ver. 9,
10. 5. From the oblivion to which all things are
condemned, ver. 11. IV. The
first instance of the vanity of man's knowledge, and all the parts
of learning, especially natural philosophy and politics. Observe,
1. The trial Solomon made of these, ver. 12, 13, 16, 17. 2. His judgment
of them, that all is vanity, ver.
14. For, (1.) There is labour in getting knowledge,
ver. 13. (2.) There is
little good to be done with it, ver.
15. (3.) There is no satisfaction in it, ver. 18. And, if this is vanity and
vexation, all other things in this world, being much inferior to it
in dignity and worth, must needs be so too. A great scholar cannot
be happy unless he be a true saint.