E X O D U S
Moses, as mediator between God and Israel, having
received divers laws and ordinances from God privately in the three
foregoing chapters, in this chapter, I. Comes down to the people,
acquaints them with the laws he had received, and takes their
consent to those laws (ver.
3), writes the laws, and reads them to the people, who
repeat their consent (ver.
4-7), and then by sacrifice, and the sprinkling of
blood, ratifies the covenant between them and God, ver. 5, 6, 8. II. He returns to
God again, to receive further directions. When he was dismissed
from his former attendance, he was ordered to attend again,
ver. 1, 2. He did so with
seventy of the elders, to whom God made a discovery of his glory,
ver. 9-11. Moses is
ordered up into the mount (ver. 12,
13); the rest are ordered down to the people, ver. 14. The cloud of glory is seen
by all the people on the top of Mount Sinai (ver. 15-17), and Moses is therewith God
forty days and forty nights, ver.