E X O D U S
This chapter gives an account of one of the most
memorable ordinances, and one of the most memorable providences, of
all that are recorded in the Old Testament. I. Not one of all the
ordinances of the Jewish church was more eminent than that of the
passover, nor is any one more frequently mentioned in the New
Testament; and we have here an account of the institution to it.
The ordinance consisted of three parts:—1. The killing and eating
of the paschal lamb, ver. 1-6,
8-11. 2. The sprinkling of the blood upon the
door-posts, spoken of as a distinct thing (Heb. xi. 28), and peculiar to this first
passover (ver. 7), with the
reason for it, ver. 13. 3.
The feast of unleavened bread for seven days following; this points
rather at what was to be done afterwards, in the observance of this
ordinance, ver. 14-20.
This institution is communicated to the people, and they are
instructed in the observance, (1.) Of this first passover,
ver. 21-23. (2.) Of the
after passovers, ver.
24-27. And the Israelites' obedience to these orders,
ver. 28. II. Not one of all
the providences of God concerning the Jewish church was more
illustrious, or is more frequently mentioned, than the deliverance
of the children of Israel out of Egypt. 1. The firstborn of the
Egyptians are slain, ver. 29,
30. 2. Orders are given immediately for their discharge,
ver. 31-33. 3. They
begin their march. (1.) Loaded with their own effects, ver. 34. (2.) Enriched with the
spoils of Egypt, ver. 35,
36. (3.) Attended with a mixed multitude, ver. 37, 38. (4.) Put to their
shifts for present supply, ver.
39. The event is dated, ver. 40-42. Lastly, A recapitulation in
the close, [1.] Of this memorable ordinance, with some additions,
ver. 43-49. [2.] Of this
memorable providence, ver. 50,