There are three Hebrew words used to denote the rains of
different seasons, (1.) Yoreh (Hos. 6:3), or moreh (Joel 2:23),
denoting the former or the early rain. (2.) Melqosh, the “latter
rain” (Prov. 16:15). (3.) Geshem, the winter rain, “the rains.”
The heavy winter rain is mentioned in Gen. 7:12; Ezra 10:9;
Cant. 2:11. The “early” or “former” rains commence in autumn in
the latter part of October or beginning of November (Deut. 11:14; Joel 2:23; comp. Jer. 3:3), and continue to fall heavily
for two months. Then the heavy “winter rains” fall from the
middle of December to March. There is no prolonged fair weather
in Palestine between October and March. The “latter” or spring
rains fall in March and April, and serve to swell the grain then
coming to maturity (Deut. 11:14; Hos. 6:3). After this there is
ordinarily no rain, the sky being bright and cloudless till
October or November.
Rain is referred to symbolically in Deut. 32:2; Ps. 72:6; Isa. 44:3, 4; Hos. 10:12.