Lo, are they not full of their old leaven, who say to us, “What was God doing before He made heaven and earth? For if (say
they) He were unemployed and wrought not, why does He not also henceforth, and for ever, as He did heretofore? For did any
new motion arise in God, and a new will to make a creature, which He had never before made, how then would that be a true
eternity, where there ariseth a will, which was not? For the will of God is not a creature, but before the creature;
seeing nothing could be created, unless the will of the Creator had preceded. The will of God then belongeth to His very
Substance. And if aught have arisen in God's Substance, which before was not, that Substance cannot be truly called eternal.
But if the will of God has been from eternity that the creature should be, why was not the creature also from eternity?”