De Servo Arbitrio “On the Enslaved Will” or The Bondage of Will

by Martin Luther

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In the September of 1524, Erasmus of Rotterdam, a prominent Catholic scholar of the Reformation Era, published his first attack on Martin Luther's theology. While Erasmus argued for the free will of human beings, Luther argued that humans' sinful nature rendered them slaves to wickedness, free only to sin unless by the intervention of God's sovereign grace. This treatise, which contains Luther's reply to Erasmus, constitutes one side of one of the first and most important debates that emerged during the Reformation, namely, that concerning free will and predestination. Later in his life, Luther would regard De Servo Arbitrio as one of his best works; by contrast, he was loath to recognize some of his other early works as belonging to him at all.

Kathleen O'Bannon
CCEL Staff
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About Martin Luther
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Martin Luther
Source: Wikipedia
Source: Wikipedia
Born: November 10, 1483, Eisleben, Germany
Died: February 18, 1546, Eisleben, Germany
Related topics: Biography, Catholic Church, Criticism, interpretation, etc., Early works, Germany
Basic information: (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German monk, priest, professor of theology and iconic figure of the Protestant Reformation. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. He confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517.
Popular works: Table Talk, Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians, Assorted Sermons By Martin Luther, De Servo Arbitrio “On the Enslaved Will” or The Bondage of Will, Luther's Little Instruction Book: The Small Catechism of Martin Luther


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