Author: Butler, Joseph (1692-1752)
Butler, a respected clergyman and philosopher himself, influenced some of the greatest
English-speaking thinkers of his time, including David Hume, Thomas Reid, and Adam
Smith. The Analogy of Religion is a work of apologetics, directed at a deist audience.
Butler hopes to convince the many deist scholars and public figures of his day that
returning to Christian orthodoxy is indeed rational. As he proceeds, he provides more and
more evidence for orthodoxy over deism, arguing that a personal rather than a detached
God is more likely to exist. Butler did not seek to embellish his language with flowery
phrases, and his prose is very straightforward.