John William Burgon

English Anglican divine

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John William Burgon (21 August 1813 – 4 August 1888) was an English Anglican divine who became the Dean of Chichester Cathedral in 1876. He is remembered for his passionate defence of the historicity and Mosaic authorship of Genesis and of Biblical inerrancy in general.

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1813
1888
Criticism (interpretation), Finance (Public), Great Britain, History
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Biography

 John William Burgon
Source: Wikipedia

Burgon was born at Smymna in August 1813, the son of a Turkey merchant, who was a skilled numismatist and afterwards became an assistant in the antiquities department of the British Museum.

After a few years of business life, Burgon went to Worcester College, Oxford, in 1841, gained the Newdigate prize, took his degree in 1845, and won an Oriel fellowship in 1846. He was much influenced by his brother-inlaw, the scholar and theologian Henry John Rose (1800-1873). Burgon made Oxford his headquarters, while holding a living at some distance. In 1863 he was made vicar of St Mary’s, having attracted attention by his vehement sermons against Essays and Reviews.

In 1867 he was appointed Gresham professor of divinity at Oxford. In. 1871 he published a defence of the genuineness of the twelve last verses of St Mark’s Gospel, based on textual analysis and manuscript evidence. He now began an attack on the proposal for a new lectionary for the Church of England, based largely upon his objections to the false principles for determining the authority of MS. readings adopted by Westcott and Hort, which he assailed in a memorable article in the Quarterly Review for 1881. This, with his other articles, was reprinted in 1884 with great documentation - under the title of The Revision Revised. In 1876 Burgon was made dean of Chichester. He produced many articles and books dealing with textual issues of the New Testament, and dealing with New Testament manuscripts and New Testament Greek. Many people do not realize that he was among those who personally examined Codex Vaticanus, and then wrote a critique of it.

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Works by John William Burgon

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The late 19th century marked a turning point in biblical criticism. B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort compiled some of the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament. Their compilation has served as the template for almost every modern translation of the Bible. Because of this, people often forget that Westcott and Hort’s critical text faced considerable controversy. John Burgon was perhaps the fiercest enemy of the movement Westcott and Hort had begun. Instead of the new compilation, Burgon favored the Textus Receptus, or the collection of Greek texts that provided the material for the King James Version and the German Luther Bible. His treatise The Causes of the Corruption of the Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels compares the Textus Receptus with the Westcott and Hort texts, finding points of disagreement and potential error. Today, many associate Burgon and his arguments with biblical inerrancy.

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4 editions published.

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The late 19th century marked a turning point in biblical criticism. B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort compiled some of the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament. Their compilation has served as the template for almost every modern translation of the Bible. Because of this, people often forget that Westcott and Hort’s critical text faced considerable controversy. John Burgon was one of Westcott and Hort’s fiercest detractors, believing that they sought to “modify” the scriptures according to their various agendas. In his lectures on inspiration and interpretation, Burgon defends the inerrancy of the Textus Receptus, the collection of Greek texts that provided the material for the King James Version and the German Luther Bible. Today, people associate Burgon’s name with biblical inerrancy as well as the Dean Burgon Society, a leader in the King- James-Only Movement.

The late 19th century marked a turning point in biblical criticism. B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort compiled some of the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament. Their compilation has served as the template for almost every modern translation of the Bible. Because of this, people often forget that Westcott and Hort’s critical text faced considerable controversy. John Burgon was perhaps the fiercest enemy of the movement Westcott and Hort had begun. Among other “modifications,” Westcott and Hort had deleted the last twelve verses of Mark’s Gospel from their text because they did not appear in certain Greek originals. Burgon responded with this treatise, in which he seeks to reestablish the legitimacy of the verses. Today, many associate Burgon and his arguments with biblical inerrancy.

External Work.
4 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

External Work.
30 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

External Work.
8 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

External Work.
6 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

External Work.
1 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

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